Baha'i Library Online

Encyclopedia articles / dictionary entries

  1. Moojan Momen. 'Abdu'l-Bahá (1995).
  2. 'Abdu'l-Baha (2004).
  3. Alessandro Bausani and Denis MacEoin. 'Abdu'l-Bahá: Life and Teachings (1985). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  4. Firuz Kazemzadeh. 'Abdu'l-Bahá 'Abbás (2009). On the eldest son and appointed successor of Bahá’u’lláh, the Center of His Covenant, and the Head of the Bahá’í Faith from 1892 to 1921, regarded, along with the Báb and Bahá’u’lláh, as one of the Central Figures of the Bahá’í Faith.
  5. Christopher Buck. 'Abdu'l-Bahá, Ascension of (November 28) (2011).
  6. Moojan Momen. 'Abdul-Baha (2011).
  7. Moojan Momen. Adíb Tálaqání (Hand of the Cause) (1985). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  8. Glenford Mitchell. Administration, Bahá'í (2009). On the international system governing the affairs of the Bahá’í Faith; a framework based on elected councils that hold legislative, executive, and judicial authority and on appointed individuals whose role is to protect and advise.
  9. Moojan Momen. Afnán: Genealogy of the Afnān Family (1985). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  10. Moojan Momen. Ages and Cycles (1995). Overview of the ideas of specific cycles and periods of time in Bahá'í belief.
  11. Denis MacEoin. Ahsá'í, Shaykh Ahmad (1985). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  12. Moojan Momen. Akhund, Haji (Haji Mulla `Ali-Akbar Shahmirzadi) (1995). Short biography of an Iranian Hand of the Cause of God.
  13. Christopher Buck. Alain Locke (2013).
  14. Mehraeen Mottahedin-Mavaddat and Moojan Momen. Alavíyyih Khánum and 'Alí Ján, Mullá (2009). On the couple, both distinguished Iranian teachers of the Bahá’í Faith; Mullá ‘Alí Ján was executed for his faith.
  15. Moojan Momen. Alí Akbar Shahmírzádí (Hájjí Akhund) (1985). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  16. Moojan Momen. Ali Bastami, Mulla (1995).
  17. Moojan Momen. Alí Bastámí, Mullá (2009). On the second disciple to recognize the Báb, and the first Bábí martyr.
  18. Denis MacEoin. Alí Bastámí, Mullá (1985). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  19. Allen, Wellesca Pollock (1915). Brief bio of a kindergarten teacher from Washington DC who visited Abdu'l-Bahá in 1907.
  20. Christopher Buck. America is a Multifaith Nation (2012). While the United States was once a "Christian" nation, it is now a multi-faith one. Includes short overview of American religious history, and statistics of church membership.
  21. Moojan Momen. Amín Hájjí: trustees of Huqúqu'lláh (1985). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  22. Moojan Momen. Amin, Haji Abu'l-Hasan (1995).
  23. Mangol Bayat. Áqá Khan Kermání (1987). Brief excerpt, with link to full article offsite.
  24. Sholeh A. Quinn. Aqasi, Haji Mirza ('Abbas Iravani) (2009). On the prime minister of Iran under Muhammad Shah Qajar from 1835 to 1848, regarded by Bahá’ís as the Antichrist of the Bábí dispensation.
  25. Denis MacEoin. Ardakání, Hajjí Abu'l-Hasan (Hand of the Cause) (1987). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  26. Vahid Rafati. Ashkhabad (Ashgabat), Bahá'í Community of (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to full article offsite.
  27. Mahnaze A. da Silveira. Ashraf, Ghodsieh (2012). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  28. Duane Troxel. Augur, George Jacob (2009). On the American doctor who became one of the early Bahá’ís of Hawaii and was the first resident Bahá’í in Japan, designated by Shoghi Effendi a Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá.
  29. Graham Hassall. Australia: History of the Bahá'í Faith (1998). Short history of the Bahá'í community of Australia.
  30. Iraj Afshar. Áyatí, Abdu'l-Husayn (1989). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  31. Christopher Buck. Ayyám-i-Há (February 25) (2011).
  32. Denis MacEoin. Azalí Babism (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  33. Denis MacEoin. Báb (Door, Gate) (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  34. Bab al-Bab (Mulla Husayn Bushrui, the "Bábu'l-Báb") (1988). One-line cross-reference entry, with no author's name.
  35. Christopher Buck and J. Gordon Melton. Bab, Birth of (2010).
  36. Christopher Buck and J. Gordon Melton. Bab, Birth of (2010).
  37. Christopher Buck and J. Gordon Melton. Báb, Festival of the Birth of the (October 20) (2011).
  38. Christopher Buck. Báb, Martyrdom of the (July 9) (2011).
  39. Moojan Momen and Todd Lawson. Bab, The (2011).
  40. Denis MacEoin. Báb, The (ʿAlí Mohammad Shirází) (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  41. Vladimir Minorsky. Babi (1950). Encyclopedia entry, the draft of which was found in Minorsky's archive, along with three pages of typed "errata" possibly written by H. M. Balyuzi on behalf of a Bahá'í institution.
  42. Denis MacEoin. Bábí Executions and Uprisings (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  43. Denis MacEoin. Bábí Movement (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  44. Babi, or Babists (1878).
  45. Minou Foadi. Bábí-Bahá'í Community in Khorasan, The (2022). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  46. C. M. MacGregor. Bábís (1995). Short overview, as excerpted by MacGregor from Shiel's Glimpses of Life and Manners.
  47. Cyril Glasse. Babis, Bahá'ís, Shaykhis (1991).
  48. Babism (2008).
  49. Leo de Colange, ed. Babism (1869). Possibly the earliest encyclopedia entry on The Bab.
  50. George W. Gilmore. Babism (1908). Detailed encyclopedia entry on the life and teachings of the Báb.
  51. Hussein Ahdieh. Bábism in Nayriz (2015). Brief excerpt on Nayriz and Sayyed Yahyá Dárábí (Vahíd), with link to article offsite.
  52. Babysme, Babys (1868).
  53. Moojan Momen. Badasht (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  54. Denis MacEoin. Badí' Calendar (1989). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  55. Moojan Momen. Badí` Khurasani (1995). Short biography of Badi, a Bahá'í renowned for his bravery and devotion.
  56. Kamran Ekbal. Bagdádi Family (2014). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  57. Michael Karlberg. Bahá'í (2009). Bahá’ís recognize nature as an expression of God’s will, view science and religion as complementary approaches to truth, and pursue processes of individual and community development that promote unity, social justice, and ecological sustainability.
  58. Christopher Buck. Bahá'í: History, Beliefs, Practices, Theological Exchanges, and Current Issues (2014). Brief overviews of Bahá'í history and thought.
  59. Paul Fieldhouse. Bahá'í: Religion and Diet (2003). Short overview of fasting, feast, and diet.
  60. Denis MacEoin. Bahá'í and Bábí Schisms (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  61. Amin Banani. Bahá'í Calendar and Festivals (1989). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  62. Peter Smith. Bahá'í Communities (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  63. Moojan Momen. Bahá'í Conventions (1989). Brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  64. Bahá'í Faith (1994). Entry from an early CD-ROM encyclopedia.
  65. Douglas Martin. Baha'i Faith (1997). Includes overview of the Bahá'í Faith in Canada.
  66. Juan Cole. Bahá'í Faith (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  67. Robert Stockman. Baha'i Faith: Overview (2011).
  68. Seena Fazel and Marcus Braybrooke. Baha'i Faith and Christianity (2010). Two short entries on the theological relationship between these two Faiths.
  69. Christopher Buck. Baha'i Faith and Social Action (2007).
  70. Richard Landau. Baha'i Faith and the Environment, The (2002). Participation of the Bahá'í International Community in UN-sponsored development and environmental initiatives for resolving the difficult challenges before humanity.
  71. Robert Stockman. Baha'i Faith, roots of (2011).
  72. Moojan Momen. Bahá'í Faith, Scholarship on (1995). This article is a survey of attempts to analyse and study the Bábí and Bahá'í Faith from a scholarly viewpoint.
  73. Robert Stockman. Bahá'í Faith, The (2008).
  74. Graham Hassall. Bahá'í Faith, The (2009).
  75. Robert Stockman. Bahá'í Faith, The (2002).
  76. Christopher Buck. Bahá'í Faith, The (2012).
  77. Lil Osborn. Bahá'í Faith, The (2021). Origins; Bahá'u'lláh; `Abdu'l-Bahá and Shoghi Effendi; 'world religion' from 1957; beliefs and practices; controversies; persecution.
  78. Firuz Kazemzadeh. Bahá'í Faith, The: World Religious Statistics (1988). A reprint of the widely-circulated encyclopedia article showing the Bahá'í Faith to be the world's second most wide-spread religion.
  79. Robert Stockman. Baha'i Faith: A Portrait (1995). General introduction to Bahá'í history and teachings.
  80. Moojan Momen and Peter Smith. Bahá'í History (1993). A general survey of the history of the Bahá'í Faith, including a brief overview of main events in Bábí and Bahá'í history. Next, a series of themes that have developed throughout Bahá'í history is examined.
  81. Denis MacEoin. Bahá'í Literature (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  82. Denis MacEoin. Bahá'í Persecutions (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  83. Moojan Momen. Baha'i Pioneers (2013). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  84. Vahid Rafati. Bahá'í Schools (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  85. John Walbridge. Bahá'í Shrines (1989).
  86. Moojan Momen. Bahá'í World Centre (2009). On the spiritual center of the Bahá’í Faith, established in the twin cities of Acre and Haifa, the focal points of devotion for Bahá’ís around the world, and edifices of the administrative center.
  87. Christopher Buck. Bahá'ís (2001). The Bahá'í Faith's continuities and discontinuities with Islam. This is the only Bahá'í-related article in The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’an.
  88. Christopher Buck. Jane Dammen McAuliffe, ed. Baha'is (2016). The Bahá'í Faith's continuities and discontinuities with Islam. This is the only Bahá'í-related article in The Encyclopaedia of the Qur’an.
  89. Moojan Momen. Bahá'íyyih Khánum (1989). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  90. Juan Cole. Bahá'u'lláh (1995). Biography of Bahá'u'lláh, the Founder of the Bahá'í Faith.
  91. Anonymous. Baha'u'llah (2011).
  92. Juan Cole. Bahá'u'lláh (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  93. Christopher Buck. Bahá'u'lláh, Ascension of (May 29) (2011).
  94. J. Gordon Melton. Baha'u'llah, birth and ascension of (2011).
  95. Christopher Buck and J. Gordon Melton. Bahá'u'lláh, Birth/Ascension of (2010).
  96. Christopher Buck and J. Gordon Melton. Bahá'u'lláh, Festival of the Birth of (November 12) (2011).
  97. Helmuth von Glasenapp. Bahai (1963). Two-page overview of Bahá'í history.
  98. Seena Fazel. Bahá'í Faith Seen through the Eyes of Major Encyclopedias, The (1992). Overview of some themes and organization/structure common to articles about Bahá'í topics published in encyclopedias; includes a list of references to the Bahá’í Faith in major encyclopedias (as of 1992).
  99. Graham Hassall. Baker, Euphemia Eleanor (1996). Short biography of an early Australian Bahá'í.
  100. Wendi Momen and Anthony A. Voykovic. Baker, Richard Edward St. Barbe (2009). On the world-famous environmentalist, founder in 1922 of Men of the Trees, the first global conservation movement, author of many books and articles.
  101. Etan Kohlberg. Balágí, Muhammad Jawád (anti-Bahá'í activist) (1989). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  102. Moojan Momen. Balyuzi, H. M. (1989). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  103. Denis MacEoin. Barághání, Muhammad Taqí (1989). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  104. Patricia Paccassi. Barbados (1995).
  105. Denis MacEoin. Bárfurúshí, Muhammad `Alí (1989). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  106. Biancamaria Scarcia Amoretti. Bausani, Alessandro (2008). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  107. Denis MacEoin. Bayán (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  108. Margaret B. Peeke. Behaism (1908). Short entry on the teachings of Bahá'u'lláh and Bahá'í practices.
  109. Biography of Tsar Alexander: Tablet to Tsar Alexander II (Lawh-i-Malik-i-Rus) (1999). Short biography of Tsar Alexander ll describing him as a great historical figure without the charisma of a great man. Suggests history should view what he did, such as abolishing serfdom and building railroads, as more important than who he was.
  110. Biography of Napoleon: Tablet to Napoleon III (Lawh-i-Napulyún) (1999). Biography of Napoleon III, to whom Bahá'u'lláh wrote two Tablets.
  111. Biography of Pope Pius IX: Tablet to Pope Pius IX (Lawh-i-Páp) (1999). Biography of Pope Pius IX, to whom Bahá'u'lláh wrote a Tablet.
  112. Biography of Queen Victoria: Tablet to Queen Victoria (Lawh-i-Malikih) (1999). Biography of Queen Victoria, to whom Bahá'u'lláh wrote a Tablet.
  113. Jonah Winters, comp. Biography of Wilhelmina Sherriff Bain (2013). Compilation of documents about an early feminist and peace advocate who received a Tablet from Abdu'l-Bahá in 1908.
  114. R. Jackson Armstrong-Ingram. Bourgeois, Jean-Baptiste Louis (1856-1930) (1997). Short biography of the architect and designer of Mashriqu'l-Adhkar at Wilmette, Illinois.
  115. Abbas Amanat. British influence in Persia in the 19th century (2003). Includes various mentions of the Bábí context. Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  116. Robert Stockman. Brittingham, Isabella (1995).
  117. Moojan Momen. Browne, Edward Granville (1995). Short biography of an English orientalist and famous scholar of the Bábí and Bahá'í Faiths.
  118. Juan Cole. Browne, Edward Granville: Babism and Bahá'ísm (1990). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  119. Michael Wickens. Browne, Edward Granville: life and academic career (1990). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  120. Kamran Ekbal. Browne, Edward Granville: Persian Constitutional movement (1990). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  121. Moojan Momen. Buddhism and the Bahá'í Faith (1995).
  122. Vahid Rafati. Burial: in Bahá'í Communities (1990). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  123. Denis MacEoin. Bushrú'í, Mullá Muhammad Husayn (1990). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  124. Fereydun Vahman. Bushrui, Hasan Foadi (2015). Brief excerpt of a bio of the head of Bahá'í schools in Iran and Turkmenistan, with link to article offsite.
  125. Christopher Buck and J. Gordon Melton. Calendar, Bahá'í, and Rhythms of Worship (2011).
  126. Robert Stockman. Chase, Thornton (2009). On the first person in the West to become a steadfast Bahá’í, one of the founders of the Chicago Bahá’í community, included by Shoghi Effendi among a number of prominent early Bahá’ís he designated "Disciples of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá."
  127. Moojan Momen. Chase, Thornton (1992). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  128. Robert Stockman. Chase, Thornton (1995).
  129. Juan Cole and Amir Hassanpour. Chihriq (1990). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  130. Nancy A. Davis. Children (2009). On persons in the stages of life from conception, when the soul comes into being, to the age of fifteen, the beginning of spiritual maturity or adulthood.
  131. Will C. van den Hoonaard. Circumpolar Regions (Arctic): History of the Baha'i Faith (1994).
  132. Will C. van den Hoonaard. Community, Baha'i (1993).
  133. Abbas Amanat. Constitutional Revolution: Intellectual Background (1992). Brief excerpts, with link to article offsite.
  134. Abbas Amanat. Constitutional Revolution (Iran): Intellectual Background (1993). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  135. Juan Cole. Conversion: to Bábí and Bahá'í Faiths (1993). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  136. Moojan Momen. Cosmogony and Cosmology (1993). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  137. Christopher Buck. Covenant, Day of the (November 26) (2011).
  138. Moojan Momen. Covenant, The, and Covenant-breaker (1995).
  139. Keven Brown. Creation: The Nature of God and the Creation of the Universe in Bahá'í Cosmology (2003).
  140. Abbas Amanat. Dawlatábádí, Sayyed Yahyá (1996). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  141. Moshe Sharon. Death and Dying in the Bahá'í Faith (2003). Brief summary of Bahá'í history and theological background; the three layers of existence; death as the transition between levels of reality; Bahá'í burial laws.
  142. Christopher Buck. Declaration of the Báb, Festival of (2011).
  143. Christopher Buck. Deganawida, the Peacemaker (2015). Biography of the Iroquois / Haudenosaunee prophet-like figure who lived around 600 or 900 years ago.
  144. Moojan Momen. Dhikr: in the Bábí and Bahá'í Religions (1996). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  145. Hans Dieter Betz, ed. Die Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart: Handwörterbuch für Theologie und Religionswissenschaft (1957). Two dictionary definitions: "Bahai-Religion" and "Babismus".
  146. Michael Karlberg. Discourse Theory and Peace (2012). Discourse theory, which rests on the idea that language helps constitute our reality, can shed light on the role that language plays in both direct and structural violence. No mention of the Bahá'í Faith.
  147. Christopher Buck. Discovering [The Qur'an] (2006). Academic study of the Qur'an, its themes, and how to begin interpreting it.
  148. Moojan Momen. Divorce (1996). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  149. Robert Stockman. Dodge, Arthur (1995).
  150. Robert Stockman. Dodge, Arthur Pillsbury (2009). On the early American Bahá’í named by Shoghi Effendi a Disciple of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá.
  151. Moojan Momen. Dolgorukov Memoirs (1996). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  152. Patricia Paccassi. Dominica (1995).
  153. Shapour Rassekh. Dreyfus-Barney, Hippolyte and Laura Clifford (1996). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  154. Graham Hassall. Dunn, Clara and Hyde (2000). Biography of two early Bahá'í teachers and pioneers.
  155. Graham Hassall. Dunn, Clara and John Henry Hyde (2009). On the couple who went to Australia in 1920 in response to ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s call for worldwide expansion of the Bahá’í Faith and firmly established it in the Antipodes, designated Hands of the Cause of God by Shoghi Effendi.
  156. Moojan Momen. Early Western Accounts of the Babi and Bahá'í Faiths (1995).
  157. Will C. van den Hoonaard. East Africa, Bahá'í Communities in (1996). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  158. Patricia Paccassi. East Leeward Islands (1995).
  159. Christopher Buck. Edward Granville Browne (2014). Bio of E.G. Browne, with focus on his books and translations.
  160. Encyclopaedia Iranica. Arjen Bolhuis, comp. Encyclopaedia Iranica: Selected articles related to Persian culture, religion, philosophy and history (1982). Sorted, categorized collection of links to over 170 articles.
  161. Encyclopaedia of Islam: Bahá'í Selections (1986). 40 articles about, mentioning, or relevant to the Bábí or Bahá'í Faiths.
  162. William F. McCants and John Walbridge et al. Richard C. Martin, ed. Encyclopedia of Islam and The Muslim World (2004). Articles on Abdu'l-Bahá, the Báb, Bahá'u'lláh, the Bábí and Bahá'í Faiths, Hujjatiya, Persian language and literature, Shaykhism, and Twelver Shi'ism.
  163. Stephen Lambden. Eschatology in the Bábí and Bahá'í Faiths (1998). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  164. Moojan Momen. Esslemont, John Ebenezer (1995). Short biography of a famous Bahá'í author and Hand of the Cause of God.
  165. Abbas Amanat. Etemad-al-Dawla, Aqa Khan Nuri (1998). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  166. Todd Lawson. Exegesis (tafsír) (1999). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  167. Moojan Momen. Fádl Mázandarání, Mírzá Asadu'lláh (1999). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  168. Robert Stockman. Faith and Belief (1995).
  169. Will C. van den Hoonaard and Deborah K. van den Hoonaard. Family Life (1995). Writings of Bahá'u'lláh, `Abdu'l-Bahá, and the Institutions, with commentary reviewing views on family life.
  170. Christopher Buck. Fast, Bahá'í (March 2 (2011).
  171. John Walbridge. Fasting (1996).
  172. Jamsheed K. Choksy. Fasting among Zoroastrians, Manicheans, and Bahá'ís (1999). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  173. Moojan Momen. Fayzí, Abu'l-Qásim (Hand of the Cause) (1999). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  174. Christopher Buck. Feast, Nineteen-Day (2011).
  175. Janet Afary and et al.. Feminist Movements in the Late Qajar Period (1999). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  176. Moojan Momen. Festivals, Bahá'í (1999). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  177. Iraj Ayman. Forutan, Alí-Akbar (2012). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  178. Wendy M. Heller. Gail, Marzieh (2016). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  179. Glossary and Index of Terms (2004). Comprehensive glossary of Islam. (Extracted from the final volume, #13. Encyclopedia index not included.)
  180. Calmard Jean. Gobineau, Joseph Arthur de (2003). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  181. Stephen Lambden. Greatest Name, The (al-Ism al-A`zam) (1995).
  182. Robert Stockman. Greenleaf, Charles (1995).
  183. Gayle Morrison. Gregory, Louis George (2009). On the African American lawyer who became a leading Bahá’í speaker, writer, administrator, and proponent of race unity and equality, member of the national governing body of the Bahá’ís of the United States and Canada, and Hand of the Cause.
  184. Patricia Paccassi. Grenada (1995).
  185. A. Gracheva. Marina Ledkovsky, ed. Grinévskaia, Izabélla Arkád'evna (1994). Short bio of a poet and playwright who wrote a social drama Bab ed-Din (1903), dedicated to the life and teachings of The Bab — a play she considered "her most significant dramatic work" — and its sequel Bekha-Ulla (1912).
  186. Daniel Caillaud. Guadeloupe (1995).
  187. Moojan Momen. Gulpáygání, Mirza Abu'l-Fadl (1995).
  188. Hossein Amanat. Haifa (2003). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  189. Anthony Lee. Haji Mubarak (2011).
  190. Mahmoud Sadri. Halabi, Shaikh Maḥmud Khorásání, founder of Hojjatiya (2003). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  191. Eunice Braun. Hands of the Cause (Ayádí Amr Alláh) (2009). On the institution, established by Bahá’u’lláh, of individuals named by Bahá’u’lláh, ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, and Shoghi Effendi, charged with protecting and propagating the Bahá’í Faith; one of the two parallel lines of responsibility in Bahá’í administration.
  192. Denis MacEoin. Hands of the Cause (Ayádí Amr Alláh) (1987). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  193. Christopher Buck. Harlem Renaissance (2013).
  194. Moojan Momen. Haydar Alí Isfahání (2004). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  195. Christopher Buck and Derik Smith. Hayden, Robert (2019). In his poetics of history and his nuanced representations of black life, Hayden's art showed that the African American experience was quintessentially American, and that blackness was an essential aspect of heterogeneous America.
  196. Moojan Momen. Haziratu'l-Quds (1995).
  197. Robert Stockman. Heaven (1995).
  198. Moojan Momen. Hidden Words (Kalemát-i-Maknuna) (2011). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  199. Abbas Amanat. Historiography: Qajar Period and Babi and Bahá'í works (2004). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  200. Robert Stockman. Hoar, William (1995).
  201. Mahmoud Sadri. Hojjatieh (Hujjatiya) (2004). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  202. R. Jackson Armstrong-Ingram. Holley, Horace Hotchkiss (1995). Biography of a Hand of the Cause of God.
  203. Moojan Momen. House of Justice (Baytu'l-'Adl) (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  204. Stephen Lambden. Ibn Abhar, Hand of the Cause (1996). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  205. Stephen Lambden. Ibn Asdaq, missionary and martyr (1996). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  206. Introduction to the Bahá'í Tradition (1997). Brief overview of The Bab and Bahá'u'lláh; worldwide expansion; affirming oneness; feast and fireside; human equality; and becoming a Bahá'í.
  207. Moojan Momen. Iran: History of the Bahá'í Faith (1994).
  208. Vahid Rafati. Iran, Bahá'í Community of (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  209. Moojan Momen. Iran: Province of Ádharbáyján (1994).
  210. Moojan Momen. Iran: Province of Fárs (1994).
  211. Moojan Momen. Iran: Province of Gílán (1994). History of the Bahá'í Faith in the Iranian province of Gilan.
  212. Moojan Momen. Iran: Province of Isfahan (1994).
  213. Moojan Momen. Iran: Province of Káshán and Central Provinces (Sultánábád, Mahallát, and Gulpáygán) (1994).
  214. Moojan Momen. Iran: Province of Khamsih (Zanján) (1994).
  215. Moojan Momen. Iran: Province of Khurásán (1994).
  216. Moojan Momen. Iran: Province of Khúzistán (1994).
  217. Moojan Momen. Iran: Province of Qazvín (1994).
  218. Moojan Momen. Iran: Province of Tehran (including Qumm, Simnán, and Dámghán) (1994).
  219. Moojan Momen. Iran: Province of Yazd (1994).
  220. Moojan Momen. Iran: Provinces of Kirmán and Sístán (1994).
  221. Moojan Momen. Iran: Provinces of Kirmánsháh, Hamadán, Kurdistán, and Luristán (1994).
  222. Moojan Momen. Iran: Provinces of Mázandarán and Gurgán (1994).
  223. Vahid Rafati. Ishráq Khávarí (1998). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  224. Julio Savi. Italy: History of the Bahá'í Faith (1992).
  225. Mehrdad Amanat. Judeo-Persian Communities of Iran in the Qajar Period: Conversion to the Bahá'í Faith (2009). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  226. Mehrdad Amanat. Kashan: Religious Communities: Bahá'í Community (2012).
  227. Ali Reza Manafzadeh and et al.. Kasravi, Ahmad (2012). Five brief excerpts that reference the Bahá'í Faith, with link to article offsite.
  228. Armin Eschraghi. Kázem Rashtí (2013). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  229. John Walbridge. Kitab-i Aqdas, the Most Holy Book (1999).
  230. Alessandro Bausani. Kitáb-i-Aqdas (1987). Very brief article, short enough to qualify as "fair use."
  231. Sholeh A. Quinn and Stephen Lambden. Kitáb-i-Íqán (2010). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  232. Christopher Buck. Kitab-i-Iqan: An Introduction to Bahá'u'lláh's Book of Certitude with Two Digital Reprints of Early Lithographs (1998). The significance, context, style, exegical devices, background, contents, manuscripts, and printing history of the Kitab-i Iqan.
  233. Robert Stockman. Knobloch, Fanny (1995).
  234. Moojan Momen and Todd Lawson. Lawh (Tablet) (2005). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  235. Azer Jafarov and Bayram Balci. Les Bahaïs du Caucase: b.a.-ba d'une communauté méconnue (2007). Chapter on "the Bahá'ís of the Caucasus, the basics [lit. the ABCs] of an unknown community."
  236. Udo Schaefer. Les Tablettes de Bahá'u'lláh révélées après le Kitáb-i-Aqdas (1992).
  237. Muhammad Afnan and Todd Lawson et al. Letters of the Living (Hurúf al-Hayy) (2009). Title given by the Báb to His first eighteen disciples.
  238. Christopher Buck. Locke, Alain (2010).
  239. Robert Stockman. Macnutt, Howard (1995).
  240. Patricia Paccassi. Martinique (1995).
  241. Todd Lawson. Martyrdom (2008). Overview of the history of and sacred texts about martyrdom in Islam, with a passing mention of the Bahá'í Faith.
  242. Peter Smith and Moojan Momen. Martyrs, Bábí (2005). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  243. Moojan Momen. Mashriqu'l-Adhkár (2010). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  244. Julie Badiee. Mashriqu'l-Adhkár (2009). On the "Dawning Place of the Praise of God," a term used to refer to a Bahá’í House of Worship and its surrounding dependencies.
  245. Denis MacEoin. Mazhar [Manifestation] (1960). Definition of a type of theophany in which the divinity or its attributes are made visible in human form.
  246. Moojan Momen. Mazhar-i Ilahi (Manifestation of God) (2016). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  247. Necati Alkan. Medhat Pasha (2012). Bio of the 19th century Ottoman statesman, who served both as governor and grand vizier. Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  248. Hamid Algar and Moojan Momen et al. Mentions of the Bábí and Bahá'í Faiths in Encyclopedia Iranica: Sixty Excerpts (1985). Excerpts of 60 articles in the Encyclopedia, with links to the offsite originals, which contain a reference to the Faith. These items are not long enough to warrant a separate entry in this Library, yet are included here for ease of discovery.
  249. Shahriar Razavi. Mihdí, Mírzá (2009). On the son of Bahá’u’lláh, who entitled him "the Purest Branch," younger brother of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá and Bahíyyih Khánum.
  250. Robert Stockman. Miracles (1995).
  251. Moojan Momen. Mírzá Abu'l-Fadl Gulpáyegání (1985). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  252. R. Jackson Armstrong-Ingram. Moody, Susan (1998).
  253. Soli Shahvar. Muhammad-Taqi Wakil al-Dawla Shirazi (2016). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  254. Moojan Momen and Todd Lawson. Mulla Husayn Bushrui (2011).
  255. Vahid Rafati. Mulla Sadiq-i-Khurasani (Muqaddas) (2016). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  256. John Walbridge. Mulla `Abdu'l-Karim Qazvini (Mirza Ahmad Katib) (1997).
  257. Guity Etemad. Nabil al-Dawla: Iranian diplomat and translator of Bahá'í scriptures (2012). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  258. Vahid Rafati. Nabil-i A'zam (Mulla Muhammad Zarandi) (2016). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  259. Minou Foadi. Nabil-i Akbar (2005). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  260. Christopher Buck. Naw-Rúz, Festival of (March 21) (2011).
  261. John Walbridge. Naw-Rúz: The Bahá'í New Year (1996). History of the observance of Naw Ruz, the Iranian New Year, in Persian culture and the Bahá'í Faith.
  262. Necati Alkan. Nazif, Suleyman (2021). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  263. Will C. van den Hoonaard. Netherlands: History of the Baha'i Faith (1993).
  264. Robert Stockman. New York, History of the Bahá'í Faith In (1995).
  265. Nader Nasiri-Moghaddam. Nicolas, Alphonse (A.-L-.M. Nicolas) (2021). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  266. Moojan Momen. Nineteen Day Feast (2014). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  267. John Walbridge. Nineteen Day Feast (1996).
  268. Kavian Sadeghzade Milani. Nuqtat al-Káf (2008). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  269. Persia (1866). Short summary of the Bábí Faith and Qurratu'l-Ayn, on last page of an entry about Persia.
  270. John Walbridge. Prayer and Worship (1996). An overview of devotional practices and prayers in Babism and the Bahá'í Faith.
  271. Will C. van den Hoonaard. Prejudice and Discrimination (1993). Prejudice is cultural. History shows no society is immune. U.S. Bahá'ís facilitated Racial Amity groups in the 20s and 30s, and found ignorance plus apathy are key factors in prejudice. Reducing it requires a universal commitment to the unity of humanity.
  272. Robert Stockman. Progressive Revelation (1995).
  273. Christopher Buck. Public Schools May "Teach About Religion" — Not "Teach Religion" (2012). History of legislation regarding how and when religious texts might be studied in public schools, and comments on pedagogical approaches.
  274. Minou Foadi. Qá'ení, Shaikh Mohammad-ʿAli (2005). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  275. Nosratollah Mohammad-Hosseini. Quddus (2009). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  276. Christopher Buck. Race Unity Day (2011).
  277. Loni Bramson. Ransom-Kehler, Keith (2011).
  278. Janet Ruhe-Schoen. Ransom-Kehler, Keith Bean (2009). On the American Bahá’í lecturer and world traveler, designated by Shoghi Effendi as the first American Bahá’í martyr, and a Hand of the Cause of God, the first woman to be so named.
  279. Will C. van den Hoonaard. Registry of Early Canadian Believers (1987). A report on the recent progress in developing the Registry of Early Canadian Believers, 1893-1944, an adjunct project of A Short Encyclopedia of the Bahá'í Faith.
  280. Christopher Buck. Religions Share Enduring Values (2011). Do all religions ultimately endorse the same spiritual values? Includes discussion of the "Golden Rule" and interfaith alliances.
  281. Moojan Momen. Religious Background of the 1979 Revolution in Iran (1995).
  282. Seena Fazel. Religious Pluralism (1995).
  283. Robert Stockman. Remey, Charles Mason (1995).
  284. Abbas Amanat. Resurgence of Apocalyptic in Modern Islam (2000). Shi'i Mahdism, beliefs on the end of time, and overview of the rise of the Bábí Faith.
  285. John Walbridge. Ridvan (1995). Two versions of a short article about the 12-day Bahá'í festival.
  286. Christopher Buck. Ridván, Festival of (2010).
  287. Christopher Buck. Ridván, Festival of (2011).
  288. Christopher Buck. Robert Hayden (2004). The first African American poet-laureate of the United States (as Library of Congress "Consultant in Poetry").
  289. Norman Zepp. Rogers, Otto Donald (1997).
  290. Loni Bramson. Root, Martha Louise (2011).
  291. Moojan Momen and Todd Lawson. Ruh al-Quddus (2011).
  292. Loni Bramson. Ruhiyyih Khanum (2011).
  293. Moojan Momen. Russia (1995). Overview of the development of the Bahá'í community in Russia.
  294. Moojan Momen. Sabet, Habib (2015). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  295. Jack McLean. Salvation (1993).
  296. Moojan Momen. Sayyid Kazim Rashti (2011).
  297. Will C. van den Hoonaard. Schopflocher, Siegfried (1993). Short biography of a prominent Baha''i from a German-Jewish background who served as a Hand of the Cause of God.
  298. Will C. van den Hoonaard. Schopflocher, Siegfried (2009). On the Canadian Bahá’í of German-Jewish background named by Shoghi Effendi a Hand of the Cause of God in 1952.
  299. Christopher Buck. Science and Religion Are Complementary (2013).
  300. Robert Stockman. Scripture (1995).
  301. Sen McGlinn. Secret of Divine Civilization (Risaliy-i-Madiniyyih) (2009). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  302. Moojan Momen. Sheikh Ahmad al-Ahsai (2011).
  303. Moojan Momen. Shi`i Islam (1995). Overview of Shi'a Islam, including a section on its relations to the Bahá'í Faith.
  304. Moojan Momen. Shoghi Effendi (2011). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  305. Jack McLean. Shoghi Effendi and Social Justice (2007). The term "social justice” has been used by many engaged groups as a rhetorical tool to obtain more equitable transformations of the social order. To the Guardian and the later Bahá'í Administration, it is a Divine justice at heart.
  306. Moojan Momen. Sobhi, Fazlollah Mohtadi (2015). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  307. Moojan Momen. Spiritual Assembly (Mahfel-i-Ruháni) (2011). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  308. John E. Kolstoe. St. Lucia (1991).
  309. John Walbridge. Tablet of the Temple (Suratu'l-Haykal) (1999).
  310. Juan Cole. Tablet of Wisdom (Lawh-i-hikmat) (1995).
  311. Juan Cole. Tablet to Fuad (Lawh-i-Fuad): Translator's introduction, and bio from Encyclopedia Britannica (1997).
  312. Juan Cole. Tablets to the Rulers (Surat al-Muluk) (1995).
  313. Moojan Momen and Todd Lawson. Tahirih Qurratul-ayn (2011).
  314. Moojan Momen. Tehran, Iran (2009). On the capital city of Iran and birthplace of Bahá’u’lláh, called by Him the "Land of Tá" (Ard-i-Tá), site of numerous important events in Bahá’í history.
  315. Christopher Buck. Temples, Bahá'í (2011).
  316. Christopher Buck. Temples, Bahá'í (2010).
  317. Vahid Rafati and Fariborz Sahba. Temples, Bahá'í (1989). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  318. Moojan Momen and Todd Lawson. The Báb; Husayn Bushru'i; Ruh al-Quddus; Tahirih (2004).
  319. Jahangir Dorri. Toumansky, Aleksandr Grigorevich (2009). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  320. Moojan Momen. Transliteration (1991).
  321. Robert Stockman. True, Corinne (1995).
  322. Moojan Momen. Turkmenistan (1995). History of the Bahá'í Faith in Turkmenistan.
  323. Moojan Momen. United Kingdom: History of the Bahá'í Faith (1998). A short history of the Bahá'í community of the United Kingdom.
  324. Robert Stockman. United States of America: History of the Bahá'í Faith (1995). History of the Bahá'í community of the United States.
  325. Moojan Momen. Vahíd (Sayyed Yahyá Dárábí) (1996). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  326. Iraj Ayman. Varqá, Ali-Mohammad (2017). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  327. Iraj Ayman. Varqá, Wali-Alláh (2017). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  328. Patricia Paccassi. Virgin Islands, U.S. and British (1995).
  329. Moojan Momen. Women in the works of the Bab and in the Babi Movement (2011). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
  330. Christopher Buck. World Religion Day (2010).
  331. Christopher Buck. World Religion Day (January) (2011).
  332. Robert Stockman. Worship (1995).
  333. Moojan Momen. Yahyá, Mírzá (2009). On the younger half-brother of Bahá’u’lláh, later his opponent, known as Subh-i-Azal, described by Shoghi Effendi as "the arch-breaker of the Covenant of the Báb."
  334. John Walbridge. Reina Pennington, ed. Zaynab (2003). Brief biography of a female Bábí fighter.
  335. Moojan Momen. Zuhur al-Haqq (2002). Brief excerpt, with link to article offsite.
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