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COLLECTIONPublished articles
TITLEThe Bahá'í Faith in the Arabic Speaking Middle East: Part 1 (1753-1863)
AUTHOR 1Ramsey Zeine
VOLUMEVolume 7
TITLE_PARENTLights of Irfan
PUB_THISIrfan Colloquia
ABSTRACTBábí and early Bahá'í links to the Arab world and the Arabic language; the identity of the Faith is a fusion of Persian and Arab origins.
NOTES Presented at the Irfan Colloquia Session #62, Centre for Bahá'í Studies, Acuto, Italy (July 8-12, 2005).

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TAGS* Báb, Writings of; - Báb, The; Arabian Youth (title); Arabic language; Baghdad, Iraq; Bahá'u'lláh, Titles of; Iraq; Middle East; Muhammad Mustafa Baghdadi; Mulla Ali Bastami; Names and titles; Shaykh Ahmad-i-Ahsai; Shaykh Muhammad-i-Shibl; Sheikh Jaafar Al-Tahhan; Surat Al-Arab (Surah of the Arabs); Zia Bagdadi
Abstract: Even with this limitation, the paper would be more of a survey rather than an in-depth study. In future, at least two more papers might be prepared covering the periods 1868 -1892, and 1892 -1921.

Beyond the academic aspect, the underlying purpose of such a paper is to provide a historical backbone as a reference for spreading the divine fragrances in Arab lands. The paper will endeavor to see the Faith from a balanced Persian-Arab perspective for the purpose of mitigating the prevailing concept that it is a purely Persian import.

This is a very preliminary synopsis of the framework of the paper. While the nationality of the Central Figures was Persian, the fact

  • that the first predecessor (Shaykh Ahmad El-Ahsá'í) of the Báb was from an Arab tribe and set out on his mission from Arab land;
  • that the first formal announcement of the Báb was made in Mecca, the heart of Arab land;
  • that one of the first Letters of the Living (Mullá 'Alí Bastámí) directed his first steps to an Arab land
  • that the major declaration of Bahá'u'lláh was in an Arab land;
  • that most of the period of the Ministry of Bahá'u'lláh was in Arab Land;
  • that the sacred remains of all three Central Figures of the Faith were interred in Arab land;
  • that Bahá'u'lláh not only wrote so lovingly to His Arab followers in Baghdad, but pointedly identified Himself with them by calling himself an "Arab Youth";
  • that the bulk of the Writings of Bahá'u'lláh are in Arabic;
  • that Bahá'u'lláh stated a clear preference of the Arabic language;
  • that most of the lifetime of `Abdu'l-Bahá was in Arab lands, with considerable interaction with its dignitaries;
These, and many other considerations, all combine to show that from a historical, cultural and Sacred-Text point of view, the identity of the Faith is a fusion of Persian and Arab origins. Bahá'ís of both cultures, indeed of all cultures, need to be appreciative of this reality.
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