Baha'i Library Online

See original version at

COLLECTIONSArchives, Provisional translations, Historical documents
TITLEDwight Barstow Collection
CONTRIB 1Thellie Lovejoy, comp.
ABSTRACTPartial scans of the 478 translated tablets and other English documents from the archive of American collector Dwight Barstow.
NOTES See also Contents, Index, and Compiler's Notes. See also the Emma Maxie Jones Collection.
TAGS* `Abdu'l-Bahá, Writings and talks of; * Báb, Writings of; * Bahá'u'lláh, Writings of; * Shoghi Effendi, Writings of; Archives; Dwight Barstow Collection; Pilgrims notes
These materials are partially available in two formats:
    1. Image scans

    2. Text excerpts (from some tablets of Abdu'l-Bahá and letters from Shoghi Effendi)

      See also Contents, Index, and Compiler's Notes

1. Image Scans (not complete)

These PDFs of low-resolution scans were posted at
Some pages missing.

dwight_barstow_collection_000-050.pdf [29 MB]
dwight_barstow_collection_051-100.pdf [44 MB]
dwight_barstow_collection_101-150.pdf [39 MB]
dwight_barstow_collection_151-200.pdf [42 MB]
dwight_barstow_collection_201-250.pdf [23 MB]
dwight_barstow_collection_251-300.pdf [34 MB]
dwight_barstow_collection_301-350.pdf [29 MB]
dwight_barstow_collection_351-400.pdf [33 MB]
dwight_barstow_collection_401-450.pdf [14 MB]
dwight_barstow_collection_451-485.pdf [32 MB]
dwight_barstow_collection_500-507.pdf [16 MB]
dwight_barstow_collection_600-623.pdf [12 MB]

2. Excerpts from tablets of Abdu'l-Bahá and some letters from Shoghi Effendi, prepared by Brett and Nicole Zamir

The following are some Tablets attributed to 'Abdu'l-Bahá, from the Dwight Barstow collection
which have been translated into English but for which no Persian original copy has yet been
found nor has the translation been authenticated. Also includes a few letters from the Guardian.

Compiler's notes to this section:
    Note1: the BC# [BC = "Barstow Collection"] is at the bottom of the page, unless the page could not fit into one page, in which case the BC# is at the end of the second page or perhaps a further page(s).

    Note2: The (?)’s in this document should be searched out and compared with the original since the copy does not make these aspects clear.

    Note3: (??) indictates a typo evident in the text copy also, but which is obviously wrong (I have taken the liberty to correct some obvious errors).

-Brett Zamir, 2014

Note: I seem to be missing a full copy of this one (although it appears this is already on-line at according to the Barstow index at .

However, the one page I do have corresponding to this on-line version has a little bit more information not included there.

For example, the phrase under the version translated by Ali Kuli Khan (though otherwise similar to the Barstow version) states “image, and will of necessity, be finally effaced. They preserve his...” whereas the Barstow version states “image, and shall of necessity, be finally effaced. Nay, rather, they preserve his...”

and “even though he be a stone, a tree, or a place of clay; how much more then, the body of man...” is “even though it be a stone, a tree, or clay; how much more the body of man...”

and “to the immediate disintegration of the body” should be “to the immediate disintegration of the body of a friend, father, mother, brother, or dear children. This is the requirement of affection. {new paragraph} Thus the ancient Egyptians mumified the body, in order that it should continue and remain forever; and they supposed that the longer it is preserved, the nearer it will be to that Divine Mercy.”

The paragraph beginning “But the brahmins...” should instead be:
“But the Brahmans of India cremate it, and take no heed thereof; nay, this is conducive to the comfort of their hearts. This heedlessness is unnatural, and an outgrowth of their faith, and not natural; for the Hindus believe that the more rapidly the body is disintegrated the nearer it will be to Divine Mercy, and, contrary to the ancient Egyptians, they suppose that as soon as it is rapidly disintegrated, forgiveness shall be secured, and the dead shall attain to everlasting benefit. This belief is the cause of their satisfaction in cremation.”
(followed by “Upon thee be greeting and praise!”)

The paragraph beginning “Another point remains...” should be:
“Another point remains and it is this: That in cases of contagious diseases, such as the plague and cholera, whether cremation of bodies with lime or other chemicals is allowable or not? In such cases, hygiene and preservation is necessarily more important; for, according to the clear Divine texts, medical commands are lawful and "necessities make forbidden things lawful" is one of the certain rules.”

Given the number of typographical errors here, I imagine the first page may also have errors as well.


Translated by M.A.U.
Chicago, Oct. 1, 1902.

Through Mirza Ameen
Miss May Allen.
He is God!

O thou who art gazing at the Kingdom of God!
Verily I supplicate to God to illuminate thy face, by the light of knowledge, to shower upon thee from the Ocean of Mercy, to make thee severed from the deficits of the world; to cause thee to become certain, in true assurance, through the Mysteries of the Merciful One, and rejoiced by the glad tidings of God, in every instant. Upon thee be greeting and praise.

(Sig) Abdul Baha Abbas

BC#1 (not labeled as such in my copy)

Extract From Tablet
His Holiness ‘Abdu’l Bahá

On Palmistry

“As to thy question regarding palmistry - as all things in all the beings which compose the parts of the great body of existence are all in communication with each other - that is, as every one of the beings is a component part, a particle of that great body - so the truth of all things or particles can be discovered from any one of them.

As an example take the body of man, in which all the particles, limbs, parts and muscles are joined with each other by perfect communication. For instance, the heat of the lungs is discovered by the tint of the cheeks, and the hidden diseases of the internal organs are determined by the appearance of the eyes, and other ailments are discovered by the pulse. So now we cannot be surprised if some proofs are discovered by the lines in the palms of the hands which tend to unfold the facts of the present and the future.

But, O maid-servant of the Merciful! Ask God that thou shalt be strengthened through the breezes of the Holy Spirit, so that thou mayest become free from all the empirical methods, proofs, and powers, because those breezes are the powers which control the truth of things, and are of such effect that they quicken the dead, give sight to the blind, and hearing to the deaf. That is to say, the breezes tend to guide the ignorant souls to the river of the Knowledge of God, and to give a conscience to the soul-less. The breezes change gloomy darkness into a splendor of light, and crown the head of the ignorant with knowledge. This is the power of the Spirit and the influence of the Word of God. Entreat God that you may partake of and be truly benefitted by this great bounty and manifest prosperity.”
(Signed )‘Abdu’l Bahá abbás.

“To the local Spiritual Assemblies and to the National Spiritual Assembly. “In my hours of prayer at the Holy Shrines, I will supplicate that the Light of Divine Guidance may illumine your path, and enable you to utilize in the most effective manner that spirit of individual enterprise which, once kindled in the breast of each and every believer and directed by the discipline of the majestic Law of Bahá’u’lláh, imposed upon us, will carry our beloved Cause forward to achieve its glorious destiny.”
(Signed) Your true brother,

“I can not believe that those whose hearts have been touched by the regenerating influence of God’s creative Faith in His day will find it difficult to clenase their souls from every lingerinng trace of racial animosity so subversive of the Faith they profess. How can hearts that throb with the Love of God fail to respond to all the implications of this supreme injunction of Bahá’u’lláh, the unreserved acceptance of which, under the circumstances now prevailing in America, constitutes the Hall-mark of a true Bahá’í character?”
Fom Page 120, Bahá’í Administration by
The True brother,


Through Anton Haddad, New York.
To the Maid-servant of God Henriette Emogene Hoagg.

He is God!

O thou who art rejoiced at the Glad Tidings of God.

I received thy last letter in which thou showest thy wistful consent to the good pleasure of God, thy resignation to His Will, and thy evanescence in the Wy of His Wish.
O Maid-servant of God! I assuredly know thy spiritual feelings, thy merciful thoughts, thy firmness in the Cause of God, and thy straightforwardness in the Testament of God.
It is encumbent upon thee to have good patience and to endure every grave and difficult matter, Patience is one of the Gifts of God. An attribute of the Elect, and a mark of the righteous.
I supplicate God to bestow upon thee a power and a blessing to enable thee to guide sincere servants and devoted maid-servants to enter the Golden El-Abha. This is better unto thee than that which is in existence in the World of Creation...this is a fact!
O Maid Servant of God! Be complaisant to your good husband, and delight him an dmake him say– “This is no other than a New Creation!”

Forget not, O maid Servant of God! the words of advise I have given thee in Haifa! Verily these words are more beneficial to thee than the treasures of the whole earth. The earthy treasures are perishable, but this most great happiness is eternal.
Be tranquil because of My Love to thee and My Prayers for thee, and rejoice at all times and under all circumstances.
O maid-servant of God! Grieve not because of my confinement, for this is My pleasure, My joy, the comfort of My heart, the rest of My soul, and the Merciful, the Compassionate!
Give My salutations and praise to the maid-servant of God, who is in His grace, Mrs....., that righteous soul and announce to her the good news that I pray for her and supplicate God that she may receive the greatest Gift, and a blessing from the Beauty of El Abha!
O maid-servant of God! Verily I say unto thee that when you assemble together at the meetings of friendship and become engrossed in mentioning God, The Spirit of Confirmation will assuredly descend upon that assembly, and the Lights of Benevolence will shine therein from thy Lord, The Exalted, The Great, Be sure of this!
Give My salutation and regards to the Maid-servant of God, that tender-hearted, generous and noble soul Mrs. Cole. A few days ago I sent to her a special letter that her eyes may become delighted at seeing it and her spirit rejoiced by its inner significances and wonderful contents.

O maid-servant of God! How excellent is that sentence thou hast written in thy letter. “It behoveth me to eliminate self (or egotism) so that I will not desire anything but the Will of God.” How good is this prayer, and how beautiful is this invocation. Aught else besides this makes it impossible for man to be confirmed by the abundance of the Gift of God; neither will he succeed in becoming an humble and submissive servant or laborer in His Great Vineyard.
All the devoted and Holy Leaves send their saalutations and praise.

My salutations and praise be upon you.
Signed--Abdul Baha Abbas

Received in 1903
Translated by Anton Haddad

BC#4 (there is none)

(not a letter of the Central Figures)

Nov. 21, 1935

“He wishes me in particular to express his appreciation .... He trusts that this circular will serve to promote greater unity and deeper understanding among the believers, and that through this medium the friends and sympathizers of the Cause will also receive a chance to deepen their knowledge of the teachings and to familiarize themselves with the activities of the Movement.
His hope therefore is that this will develop into and serve both as a teaching and administrative organ. He would urge you to enlarge its scope, as much as your resources permit, that in time it may include every phase of your activities, administration, devotional, humanitarian, and otherwise.
In his prayers and meditations at the Holy Shrines, the Guardian will specially remember you and will ardently entreat Bahá’u’lláh, to continue assisting, and guiding your labours.


Haifa, Dec. 6

My dear George!–

Your kind letter has been received and I am so grateful to you for it. I hope, dear brother, that the hopes of the the Beloved and His marvellous repeated promises concerning you in your parents tablets will be one day fully realized and that you may become the radiant and resplendent George that the Master wishes you to become. How we miss you and particularly do I miss you in the presence of the Beloved.

I have read your notes on ‘H’, and I enclose it confirmed. I have exposed fully to the Master the call of your mother and His answer is this:– “I ever pray on her behalf and beg from God His divine remedy and healing. As in this dispensation consultation with expert doctors is highly advisable and actingin in accordance with their prescriptions obligatory it is well for her to undergo an operation if deemed necessary by such doctors. I am enclosing two pictures for you and your dear father. I send you also the copy of the Beloved’s talk which I promised you.

With a love that is ever strong and burning,

Notes of George Latimer on Huquq

The substance of Abdu’l Baha’s explanation was:
After one had paid all his necessary expenses 19% of what is left is taken by him and given as Huquq. For example if a person has 100 piastres left after all his expenses have been paid, then 19 piastres are taken as Huquq for the Cause of God. This is done at the end of the year after he has ascertained what his expenses are. For every hundred piastres, 19 are taken for Huquq. (It is to be noted that this is 19% and not 1/19 as has been erroneously given) G.A.L.)

He pays this once, then there is no more Huquq to be paid on that sum. It is finished. Next year he will pay on the amount he has left over in his possession after hi expenses have been deducted, and after the amount he paid Huquq on the previous year has also been deducted.

For example at the end of the first year a man has one thousand piastre left after all his expenses are paid, then 190 piastres are taken as Huquq at the end of the next year after all expenses are determined, he may have 200 piastres left. As he has already paid Huquq on a thousand piastres the previous year this sum is deducted from the 2,000 and he pays Huquq on 1000 piastres, or 190 piastres. The third year the net amoun tof what he own may be 2500 piastres, he deducts 2000 piastres from this amount and pays 19% on 500 piastres or 95 piastres. If at the end of the fourth year he has 2500 piastres, no Huquq is taken.

G.A.L. Question: In the deduction of our necessary expenses, are contributions to the Mashriqu’l Adhkar, Teaching and other activities of the Cause considered as part of Huquq or should they be taken separately?



Notes of George Latimer on Huquq

A.B. replied that Huquq was separate and independent of these and came first. After that had been determined then the other affairs could be looked after. He smiled and said when Huquq is given Abdu’l Baha will ascertain how much of it is for the Mashrqiu’l Adhkar, how much for teaching and how much for the needy, etc. (This of course does not mean that the friends should stop helping all their activities but should continue to the utmost in their assistance to the Cause along all lines.) G.A.I.)

Two points stand out clearly in this matter, the first that the basis is 19% and not 1/19th; and the second, that it is levied on one’s wealth and not upon one’s income.

The justice of this law is that man, who receives all his bounties and belongings from the Creator, should render in return to Him a portion for the Cause of God.


I have copied this, with my own explanations from my own notes and I hope you will confirm it and make any changes necessary.

(In the handwriting of the True Brother, Shoghi Effendi.)
“The idea and the explanations are both correct.”
(Signed, Shoghi.)

Another example,

Year 1919
One’s wealth or belongings $50,000
Expenses $ 2,000
Bal. 48,000
Huquq, 19% on this 9,120.

Year 1920
Wealth $52,000
Expenses 4,000
No Huquq is required

Year 1921
Wealth $54,000
Expenses 4,000
Bal. $50,000
Deduct $48,000
19% Huquq on this is $ 380.
and so on


Tablet to Henrietta Emogene Hoagg
Received at Milano Italia in 1899

He is God!
O thou who art imploring God, and supplicating to the kingdom of God.
Blessed thou art! Blessed thou art! for that by reason of which thou hast been drawn by the Magnet of Love of God unto the Station of the Holy Spirit, the Angel of Perfection and the most immaculate Purity, which is sanctified form all human things. Should’s thou be firm in this matter thou wilt be ocnfirmed by the Spirit of Truth, and assisted by the Hosts of Heaven. Amen.
I say unto thee, rejoice at this Glad Tidings, which is the Greatest Means whereby the Kingdom of God may be entered....
Abbas Abdul Baha

This tablet was shared with me by
Amelie Willard Bodmer directly from Mrs. Hoagg.

Dec. 7th 1946
For Mr Hatch

By Vira J. Paxton



“Sing this melody in all gatherings of Love and Harmony of the beloved of God.”
-’Abdu’l-Bahá ‘Abbás

“May God’s love now hover o’er us As a dove with out-stretched wings. While His peace that flows around us To each heart sweet comfort brings. May we now receive His spirit. And its radiance shed afar Now and here in Love abiding In the Realms of EL-ABHA.


A story Abdul Baha told

There was a very holy man who lived many years ago. He was so very beautiful that the angels longed to minister, in some especial way, to him and they asked that they might come and do this, and consent was given. So, these ministering angels came down to earth and said to this beautiful soul; “We have come to you with a gift. We are permitted to bestow upon you some gift from God. What will you have?” He said: “I want nothing.” They said: “But do you not want to heal?” He said “God will do that. I am but his servant.” They said: “Do you not want to save souls?” He said: God does that and chooses whom he desires.” Finally, after asking him very many questions, they said: “You must ask something. We have the privilege of bestowing a gift upon you, you must make some selection.” He said, after a moment’s thought: “I want to do all the good I can, in every way that I can, without ever knowing anything about it.” The angels took counsel together as to how they could grant that wish and finally they made a decision and came to him and said: “Your wish is granted. Wherever you go, wherever your shadow falls, behind you or to either side of you, but not in front of you blessings will fall. And so, as time passed, wherever that beautiful man went, in his simplicity, not knowing any good that he did, his path became a blessing. When his shadow fell to the right of him, or to the left of him, but never in front of him, blessings, refreshment and beauty marked his path. Mothers brought their babies to catch the gift of his shadow; the weary, the crippled and the lowly came about his path and caught those shadows; even the flowers sprang up more refreshed and the little brook fell back of him, or to either side of him, but never in front of him. And so, as time passed, even his name was forgotten and he was called “The Holy Shadow.”


Upon him be Bahá’u’lláh El Abhá!


O Thou Almighty! O Thou Forgiver! The servant of Thy Threshold Windust, turns his face toward the Kingdom of Abhá and begs for his Father - Thy Grace and Bounty.
O Thou Omnipotent Lord! In this Great Dispensation Thou hast accepted the intercession of the sons in behlaf of their Fathers. This is one of the Special Infinite Bestowals of this Cycle.
Therefore:– O Thou Kind Almighty! Accept the request of this Thy servant at the Threshold of Thy Singleness, and submerge his Father in the ocean of Thy Graces - because his son is Confirmed in the accomplishment of Thy services and is displaying the utmost effort at all times, in the Pathway of Thy Love!
Verily, Thou art the Giver, the Forgiver and the Kind!

(A copy of part of a Tablet by Abdu’l Bahá to Mr. Albert R. Windust, from Star of the West, Vol. XI, No. 10, Page 319.)

From Tablets of the Divine Plan, section 12, to the Western States
To the maid-servant of God, Miss Mary Lesch, Chicago, Ill.
Upon her be Baha’O’llah El Abha!


O thou maid-servant of God!
Thy letter was received and its contents indicated firmness in the Covenant. Therefore, the hope is entertained that thou wilt be assisted under all conditions; for today that which is most important is firmness in the Covenant and Testament and otherwise Bahai unity will not be preserved. If Bahai unity could be preserved thru something else, undoubtedly the Blessed Beauty would have commanded it.

In accordance with the Kitabul Akdas, which is the supreme Authority and the Kitabul Ahd, which is the last Book of the Blessed Beauty written by His Supreme Pen, all are addressed in a clear and explicit manner. First He addresses the Aghsans, then the Afnans and then the relatives and finally the rest of the friends and bids them turn their faces toward the Center of the Covenant. And the verses which have been revealed in the Kitabul Akdas ordering all to turn after His ascension to Him who is branched from the pre-existent root are explicitly recorded in the Kitabul Ahd as having for their object the Center of the Covenant. And in another special Tablet, the authenticity of which is admitted by everyone, it is recorded that if the Center of Violation, whose proper name He mentions deviates the least from the shadow of the Cause, he at once loses the station of Brotherhood. How could it be more explicit? Now it must either be said, that the Blessed Beauty has done wrong and has led the people to error, for He ordered them to obey a person who ought not to have been obeyed, or on the other hand, it must be said that the least deviation from the Covenant and Testament entails deprivation from the Bounties of the Luminary of the world. One of the two alternatives must be true and there is no third one to it.

In fine, Bahai unity cannot be preserved save thru the Covenant of God. Today the stirring power in the body of the world is the Covenant and if this Covenant is made ineffective, what power will be able to stir It? The statement which is made orally by His Holiness Christ to Peter: “That thou art the rock and upon this rock I shall build My temple”, this declaration rpeserved for a thousand years Christian unity. After the lapse of a thousand years due to political questions, dissensions happened. Now, if this Word of Christ has preserved the Unity of Christendom for a thousand years, consider what will be done by the Kitabul Ahd which has been revealed by the Supreme Pen? But superficial, restless souls who at first were firm in the Covenant and have written epistles with reference to their firmness and detachment from violators and have considered them as outcasts from the Threshold of the Almighty - and these epistles are still extant- These persons like unto Judas Iscariot, have for personal interests and finantial motives, deviated from the Covenant. They follow the people of craft and stained their hands with the blood of Christ. Be admonished, O ye who possess intelligence!


If at all thou art firm and steadfast in the Covenant, strengthen and ofrtify thy relationship with the Convention, and form whomsoever thou inahlest the odor of violation avoid his company and keep aloof, that thou mayest remain safe and protected under the protection of the Covenant and like unto a candle be ignited with the light of steadfastness.
I am kind to all people and do not attack anyone. I pray on behalf of all that may gather under His Divine Protection. This Covenant and Testament have been entered into the Blessed Beauty and I have not taken any such part. Let them answer Him and I have no objection. My duty is to be kind to everyone; vengeance is reserved for the Blessed Beauty and not for Myself. As I am kind to everyone, I mention only the good characteristics of a person and if a word is written the intention is the setting forth of Truth and the preservation of the Religion of God, so that Bahai unity may be preserved. If any person desires to upset this unity, they are free and let them present their answers to the Blessed Beauty in the Abha Kingdom, should He address them as follows:–
”O ye my friends! Have I thru My Supreme Pen and the explicit verses of the Kitabul Akdas commanded obedience or disobedience? have I not ordered the Center of Violation to obey and turn his face (towards Him) or have ye turned away from My manifest and irrefutable Center? I have given the command to turn your faces towards Him, how have ye turned away? Why have yet upset Bahai unity? What will they answer?”
The friends must be very attentive and then what ever they deem advisable, they may preform. I have nothing to impose. In America no doubt whatever call is proclaimed, ambitious and thoughtless souls will be found to support it for a time. Even at Green Acre, it has been remarked that one of the inhabitants of Malta was summoning men to excessive hunger and use to receive pay for it. Notwithstanding this, some souls gathered around him and from hunger they seemed dead and would pay to that man.
Do not grieve for thy dear brother, who has ascended from this mortal world to the Eternal Realm and do not feel depressed. That drop has hastened to the limitless ocean and that wandering bird has flown to the shelter and nest of the Supreme Concourse. Thou shalt find him at the Effulgent gaterhing in the Kingdom of Mysteries.
As to the dream thou hadst had that thy brother appeared dressed for the street:– Clothing is the ornament of man and that is the Bounty of the Merciful. As to the bundle he had in hand, it is his benevolent deeds, and his serious look denoted his purpose to make thee realize the following fact:– “Consider to what bounty I have attained! Praise be to God, that I am safe and well and have on me the garment of piety and carry in my hand the bundle of my deeds. I am alive and not dead. Consider closely; I am living and have not passed away, be thou attentive!”

Upon thee be Baha El Abha!
(Signed) Abdul Baha Abbas.

Translated by Shoghi Rabbani,
Acca, Palestine,
July 22 1919.
Received by M.L. October 31 1919




In every age GOD has made Himself known by a definite NAME and certain Attributes, which have formed the foundation upon which the structure of a New Religion has been reared. Through the progression of the ages, the human family has today attained its majority and has been ushered into a New Dispensation and born into a New Heaven and earth. Across the flawless gold of that New Heaven is written, in characters of Majesty, and conferring the Power of Live to all who come within its influence, a NEW NAME (Rev. 3:12 - “Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my GOD, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my GOD, and the name of the city of my GOD, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my GOD; and I will write upon him my new name.”

Against that flawless gold it stands forth in conflagrating Fire..Its rays are illuminating and consuming the old heavens and earths, quenching the sparkling of their stars. This ineffable Glory imprinting Itself upon the face of that New Heaven and earth and the Source of their effulgence, is the Greatest NAME of GOD. It is the NAME of Creation and Resurrection. It is the foundation of the New Holy City (Rev. 3:12) which is built upon the proportions of the twelve. (Rev. 21:16) “And the city lieth foursquare, and the length is as alrge as the breadth: and he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs. The length and the breadth and the height of it are equal.” It is that NAME the manifestation of which holds “within the hollow of His Hand” Existence, Being, Immortality, Perfection.

This Greatest NAME of GOD, vocalized, is ALLAH’U’ABHA, and is of the Arabic tongue. Its Divine expression, none save the soul who truly receives It “can understand”. The greatness of this NAME consists not in the giving or in the receiving, but in the use. That use confers Life. The neglect of IT destroys Life. (Rev. 2:17, “the hidden manna”– “He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the Churches. To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and I will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it.”) When Its Utterance is laid upon the soul, that soul has received its Great Gift, and its equal responsibility. By Its use the Doors of the Kingdom of GOD open, illumination is vouchsafed, and Divine Union results. It is the Name which is written in a white stone (Rev. 2:17); the “White Stone” symbolizes the perfect Wisdom. It is the Father’s Name written in the forehead (Rev. 14:1, also 22:4), “And I looked, and lo, a Lamb stood on Mount Sion, and with him an hundred and forty and four thousand, having his Fahter’s Name written in their foreheads.” “And they shall see his face; and his name shall be in their foreheads;” symbolizing spiritual understanding. It is the NAME of our GOD, (Rev. 3:12).


ALLAH, interpreted, signifies GOD.
ABHA, interpreted, signifies “The Most Glorious!”

ABHA is a Word o but four letters, yet those four letters contain the Cause of all Creation and the sum of all Creation. The Cause of all creation is (Exodus 23:20-21) Himself, declared the Mighty Appearance of this Greatest Name. “Behold I send an Angel before thee in the way, and to bring thee unto the place which I have prepared. Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not, for he will not pardon your transgression; for my name is in Him.”

Every Arabic letter possesses two values; one numerical, the other Spiritual. ABHA is composed of the following Arabic letters:

Alif equals 1; Ba 2; Ha 5; Ya 10. The total sum equals 18, and 18 equals 9 (1 plus 8 equals 9).
Nine mathematically signifies Perfection.


Spiritualy, Alif (or one) signifies GOD, the unmanifested Essence, the “Causeless Cause”. Ba signifies the Primal Will, or Creation. “Be, and it is!” It symbolizes the breathing forth of the Spirit. Ha means GOD in perfect Manifestation. Its numerical value is 5. This is the number of perfection in the human temple; of man united with GOD. Ya signifies the end. “For all the promises of GOD are in him, yea, and in him Amen, unto the Glory of GOD by us.” (2nd Cor. 1:20). Also, “Alif” signifies the beginning, and “Yea” the end of a cycle or period. “I am the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.”
The use of the Greatest NAME, and dependence upon It, causes the soul to strip itself of the husks of mortality and to step forth, freed, reborn, a new creature, redeemed from the Law, and At-One with its Creator in the union of that Love which has its origin in Heaven.

The Arabic “one” is “Vahid” and its numerical value is 19. This is the unmanifested Essence of GOD. The square of 19 (19x19 equals 361), represents the macrocosm or Manifested Universe. Upon this planet, man, the microcosm, is born. The individualized human soul is the seed of GOD, the potentiality of immortality. Upon this planet this seed must germinate, sacrificing itself to become a Tree of Spirit. This is the Union with GOD: the AT-ONE-MENT.

Te daily morning use of the Greatest Name repeated 95 times is a Command revealed in Kitab-El-Akdas. By this devotion “the heart of man may be illumined with the Lights of Baha’u’llah.” Ninety-five is the numerical value of the word “Lellah” (for the sake of GOD). Each “L” equals 30; “H” (or Ha) equals 5. The Greatest NAME should be found upon the lips in the first awakening moment of the early dawn. It should be fed upon by constant use in daily invocation; in trouble; under opposition; and should be the last word breathed when the head rests upon the pillow at night. It is the NAME of comfort, protection, happiness, illumination, Love and Unity.

“The Greatest NAME saved Adam when he fell from Paradise, from utter destruction. It saved Noah from the flood. It saved Moses from the burning bush. It has saved all, and now It has manifested Itself for all.”

The “Hosanna” (Save us, we pray) of the past centuries has ascended unto the universal “Alleluia” (Praise the Lord) of Perfection.

(Compiled by Isabella D. Brittingham, 1903.)


Paris France
Rue St Didier, 30


Through Mrs Isabel Fraser
To __________________

He is God!

O thou my beloved!

Be not unhappy. Let not thy thoughts be scattered Man under the circumstances of tests must be patient, must be firm, must be steadfast. Thou must withstand these events with the power of thine heart. Know thou of a certainty that these events are ephemeral. They are not permanent. Like unto flitting shadows they shall vanish. Therefore let thy trust be in God for He is the Eternal and the Everlasting. Live thou in the station of resignation and contentment so that thy heart and soul may obtain peace and serenity. Do thou ever possess the immensity of heart so that it may never be contracted. Be thou stirred with the Divine Glad-Tidings so that thou mayst hold in thy grasp the chalice of imperishable happiness and discover the brilliant star of age-abiding felicity and rest! May thy heart be happy. (Sig) Abdul Baha Abbas

Trans by M Ahmad Sohrab,
Feb 25th, 1913, Paris, France.


Through the maid-servant of GOD, Mrs. Brittingham.
To the maid-servant of GOD....................

(Upon her be Baha’u’llah!).


Oh maid-servant of GOD!
Thy letter was read. If thou seekest information of the future, turn thyself to the Kingdom of ABHA, and ask for confirmation [unreadable text] (?) that man, while in the world of vision, receives a revelation, which, later, comes to pass in the contingent world.
The “perceiving soul” of man is the power which discovers the hidden mysteries therein and brings to light that which was veiled. Therefore, it was possible for man to arrive at the station wherein future events are revealed to him.
But as to the other phenomena which are known among the people, they are imagination. Yea, man, while thus playing, may concentrate nightly upon a certain object and discover a fact, imagining that he made the discovery through the phantoms, and attained the knowledge of the future. Nay, this is not so.
It is the “perceiving soul” that discovers.
Upon thee be greeting and praise.

(signed) Abdul-Baha Abbas.

(Translated by A.U. Fareed. New York, September 1904).


Question asked Abdul Baha by I.D. Brittinghma in a letter to His Presence, 1902.

“Are the planets or stars the many mansions in heaven of which Christ spoke, telling the disciples that He went to prepare a place for them?”

Answer; containned in a Tablet from Abdul Baha to I.D. Brittingham, translated by Mirza Ameen Ullah, Chicago Aug. 15th, 1902.

“As to thy question regarding the stars: Know that these brilliant stars are numberless and their existence is not void of wisdom both useful and important (i.e., their existence is of great importance.)

“Rather they are worlds, as this world of ours. But they differ in their bodies, by the difference of elements, from this earthly body. They differ in (their) formation. The beings existent upon these bodies are according to their formation.

“As to the worlds whereunto Christ (unto whom be the great glory) referred: They are spiritual, divine, heavenly, single, unlocated; neither the imperfect mind can commprehend them, nor the shining soul can know them. But, verily the sights of the people of the Kingdom of El Abha perceive them and the intellects of the people of the Supreme Concourse apprehended them.”

(End of quotation from Tablet)

In July 1912, New York City, this quotation was presented to Abdul Baha by I.D. Brittingham and the following questions were asked, and again were asked Him in November 1912.

1st Question: “Some think that this teaching has been incorrectly translated and Abdul Baha teaches that the souls upon leaving this earth do go to the planets or stars, and that they progress in their spiritual development through living upon one after another of these bodies. Is any of this teaching true?”

Abdul Baha: “No”.

2nd Question: “Were the souls dwellers upon any planets or stars before coming to the earth?”

Abdul Baha: “No”.

3rd Question: “Were the souls created as individuals before they entered the physical bodies of this world?”

Abdul Baha: “They existed before coming to this world, but not as we know personality upon this planet.”


To his honor, Mr George O. Latiner, unto him be the Glory of God, the Most Glorious.

He is God.

O thou who art firm in the Covenant. Today the glances of the favor of His Holiness Baha’o’llah is directed to those souls who are full of the love of God, detached from self and passion and reflecters of purity and piety.
Verily, verily thou art absolutely mindfull of the Kingdom of Abha, Thou hast no (?) thought nor uttereth any word unless spreading the breaths of God. (?)
Rest thou assured thou wilt be confirmed, thou wilt progress day by day and wilt soar to the apex of eternal glory.
Thou art observing that the emperors of the world disappear and become extent (?) in a short time while the sovereignty of the friends of God is ever-lasting and their banner is waving at the supreme apex. All the banners will ultimately be lowered while the banner of God is raised higher and higher day by day.
Convey to thy revered parents and also to others the utmost respect and consideration on my behalf. I pray for them and supplicate pre-existent grace and a new bestowal for them. What thou has written about hakuk is correct,
Upon thee be the Glory of Abha,
Signed----- Abdul Baha Abbas,

April 9, 1921


The first paragraph after “He is the Most Gracious!” and “O ye friends of God!” is published in Bahá’í World Faith, pp. 412-413 at

The second and third paragraphs are published in “Bahá’í World Faith”, pp. 373-374 at

This is then followed by: “Unto ye be the glory of Abha!” and “(Signed) Abdul Baha Abbas”

Tranlsated by Azizullah S. Bahadur
Haifa, palestine, november 12th, 1920.

Received by Roy C. Wilhelm,
December 14th, 1920.


Upon thee be Baha’u’llah El Abha!
You have asked concerning the relations and genealogy of the mother of ‘Abdu’l-Baha.

The father and grandfather went to Persia from the regions of Taif, and the inhabitants of those regions are all, with very few exceptions, descendants of the posterity of Ishmael.
Upon thee be Baha’u’llah El Abha
(signed) ‘Abdu’l-Baha Abbas

The rest of the page is a compilation of genealogy references and a quotation from “Guidance for Today and Tomorrow”


Haifa, Palestine, December 17, 1918.

“Tomorrow the Master is also invited to address the final word of prayer at a public and immense gathering to celebrate the end of the war.
This is the text of the prayer:–
‘O Omnipotent GOD! Verily the pavilion of Justice has been raised in the Holy Land extending from East to West. We thank Thee and we praise Thee for the establishment of this just and equitable sovereignty, and this mighty government which strives for the comfort of its people and the safety of its subjects.
O Almighty GOD! Confirm the greatest Emperor George V through Thy divine confirmation and strengthen him by Thy merciful power and perpetuate his protecting shadow upon this noble land. This we ask through Thy help and assistance and protection.
Verily Thou art the Omnipotent, the Exalted, the Omnisciennt and the Generous!’ “


** “The Beloved’s health is excellent and he reveals these days different tablets to Persia, Europe and America.”

(Note: Extract from letter of S. Rubbani, Haifa, to Captain Tudor-Pole, sent to me from Cairo December 22, 1918. Received January 18, 1919. Claudia Coles).


(Attributed to be in Los Angeles in October 1912)

"We are on the even [sic] of the Battle of Armageddon referred to in the sixteenth chapter of Revelations. The time is two years hence, when only a spark will set aflame the whole of Europe. The social unrest in all countries, the growing religious scepticism antecedent to the millennium, and already here, will set aflame the whole of Europe as is prophesied in the Book of Daniel and in the Book (Revelation) of John. By 1917 kingdoms will fall and cataclysms will rock the earth.".

(as online at )
also quoted on-line at:

The following is as quoted in the Barstow papers:

Prophecy of War. by Abdul Baha. Given in America in 1912

"We are on the eve of the battle of Armageddon refered to in the 16th chapter of Revelations. The time is only two years hence, when only a spark will set aflame the whole of Europe. The social unrest in all countries, the growing religious skepticism antecedent to the Millennium, already here, will set aflame the whole of Europe as is prophesied in the 1st of Daniel and in the Book of John. Before 1917 Kingdoms will fall and cataclysms will rock the earth.".
Then all nations shall be one in faith, all men as brothers and these fruitless strifes and ruinous wars shall pass away and the most great peace shall come; and men shall not glory in this that he loves his country but rather in that he loves his kind.”


BC#23 is the same as BC#9

BC#24A, B attributed to Martha Root from Baha’i Magazine, vol. XXI, p. 54.
Portion of “Letter of Love” from Abdul-Baha Abbas to the “Beloved” in America.


O thou who art attracted to the Fragrances of God:
Know thou assuredly that–
LOVE is the Mystery of Divine Revelations:
LOVE is the Effulgent Manifestation:
LOVE is the Light of the Kingdom:
LOVE is the Breath of the Holy Spirit inspired into the human spirit:
LOVE is the cause of the Manifestation of the Truth [God] in the phenomenal world:
LOVE is the necessary tie proceeding from the realities of things through Divine Creation:
LOVE is the means of the most great happiness in both the material and Spiritual worlds:
LOVE is the light of guidance in the dark night:
LOVE is the bond between the Creator and the creature in the inner world:
LOVE is the cause of development to every enlightened man:
LOVE is the Greatest Law in this vast universe of GOD:
LOVE is the one law which causes and controls order among the existing atoms:
LOVE is the universal magnetic power between the planets and stars shining in the lofty firmament:
LOVE is the cause of unfoldment, to a searching mind, of the secrets deposited in the universe by the Infinite:
LOVE is the spirit of life in the bountiful body of the world:
LOVE is the cause of the civilization of nations in this mortal world:
LOVE is the highest honor to every righteous nation:

The people who are confirmed therein are indeed glorified by the Supreme Concourse, the angels of the Heaven and the dwellers in the Kingdom of El-ABHA. But, if the hearts of the people become void of the Divine Grace–THE LOVE OF GOD–they wander in the desert of ignorance, descend to the depths of ruin and fall to the abyss of despair where there is no refuge. They are like insects living in the lowest plane.

This is the Path of El-Baha.
This is the Religion of El-Baha
This is the Law of El-Baha.
He who has not this has no portion with El-Baha.

Greeting and praise be upon ye!



quotations from Prayers and Meditations p. 6 and p. 248


not sacred writings

BC#27, 28

Los Angeles, Califronia.
To the maid-servant of God, Mrs. F.B. Beckette, upon her be the Glory of God the Most Glorious.


O thou who art attracted to the Kingdom of God!

Thy letter written Aug., the 3d, 1920 has been received. Praise be unto God, the friends at Los angeles have proved successful in their trials and the false impressions of the negligent souls did not make them waver; nay rather, they became firmer in the Covenant. And when Mr. George Latimer arrived a meeting was held at the house of Mr. and Mrs. Cline where the rays of the favor of His Holiness, Bahaullah poured upon that gathering. Conseuqently they were confirmed to establish a ‘House of Spirituality’. It is my hope that this assembly (House of Spirituality) will be bestowed with a new spirit; that it will go on to serve the oneness of the world of humanity, giving life to those who are dead and cuasing the viiolators to dry up.

The unity meeting. (nineteen day feasts) you should celebrate splendidly, and with one another you should be exceedingly kind and affectionate so that this may astonish the people of that city. In the meeting you should speak of the teachings of His Holiness, Bahaullah, deal with their details and explain the fruits they produce, which results have generated such great earthquakes in the East (Spiritual regeneration). You should explain how the different hostile religions which were thirsty for one another’s blood have been brought together by them (teachings of Bahullah) under the pavilion of uniformity, that is, the oneness of the world of humanity!

The heavenly maid-servants of God, Mrs. Platt and Miss. Clapp are verily self-sacrificing and they have no desire, save nearness to the Kingdom. Convey My (?) respectful greeting to them!

The class of the Junior Bahaia at Glendale is important and his honor Mr. Beckette is a revered teacher to the children, deserving the favor of the Kingdom. Though AbdulBaha is not present in these splendid meetings in body, yet in spirit and soul he is present and is (your) associate.

Upon thee be the Glory of Abha!
(signed) Abdul Baha Abbas.

Oct. 10, 1920,
Bahji, at the Holy Tomb,

Translated by ‘Azizullah S. Bahadur, Mount. Carmel. Palestine.


To the friends and maid-servants of the Merciful in Los Angeles and the other cities of California, c/o Mr. and Mrs Beckett; Upon them be Bahaullah-il Abha.


(The next two paragraphs are from:

Selections from the Writings of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, pp. 210-213 at )

“O ye friends and maidservants of the Merciful! From the Spiritual Assembly of Los Angeles a letter hath been received. It was indicative of the fact that the blessed souls in California, like unto an immovable mountain, are withstanding the gale of violation, have, like unto blessed trees, been planted in the soil of the Covenant and are most firm and steadfast. The hope is entertained, therefore, that through the blessings of the Sun of Truth they may daily increase in their firmness and steadfastness. The tests of every dispensation are in direct proportion to the greatness of the Cause, and as heretofore such a manifest Covenant, written by the Supreme Pen, hath not been entered upon, the tests are proportionately more severe. These trials cause the feeble souls to waver while those who are firm are not affected. These agitations of the violators are no more than the foam of the ocean, which is one of its inseparable features; but the ocean of the Covenant shall surge and shall cast ashore the bodies of the dead, for it cannot retain them. Thus it is seen that the ocean of the Covenant hath surged and surged until it hath thrown out the dead bodies--souls that are deprived of the Spirit of God and are lost in passion and self and are seeking leadership. This foam of the ocean shall not endure and shall soon disperse and vanish, while the ocean of the Covenant shall eternally surge and roar....”

Then there is the following:

Consider then that Christ in order to preserve the unity of Christendom, said to Peter;– “Thou art the rock and upon this rock I shall build my Temple.” This word has secured every one’s submissiveness and allegiance and has preserved for a thousand years the unity of the Christian world. Notwithstanding the fact that this declaration was not a command to obey and to follow and (?) was verbally delivered, yet it has proved to do away with any form that might appear on the surface of the ocean of Christ and to cast shore any dead body that sought the vanities of this world. At present His Holiness Baha-ullah, through His Supreme Pen, has written the Book of the Covenant and has called it the “The Book of the Covenant” and has entered with every one into a Covenant and a testament. He first addressed the Aghsans, then the Afnans and then the relations binding them to turn their faces to the Center of the Covenant and has then in accordance with the explicit text of the Most Holy Book, (the Book of laws) made of the Center of the Covenant the Expounder of the Book.

The next paragraph is also from:

Selections from the Writings of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, pp. 210-213 at )

From the early days of creation down to the present time, throughout all the divine dispensations, such a firm and explicit Covenant hath not been entered upon. In view of this fact is it possible for this foam to remain on the surface of the ocean of the Covenant? No, by God! The violators are trampling upon their own dignity, are uprooting their own foundations and are proud at being upheld by flatterers who exert a great effort to shake the faith of feeble souls. But this action of theirs is of no consequence; it is a mirage and not water, foam and not the sea, mist and not a cloud, illusion and not reality. All this ye shall soon see.


The following Tablet was available on-line and taken from:

Revealed and sent to all parts of the world.
      Praise be unto Thee, O my God! Thanks be unto Thee O my Beloved! Glory be unto Thee, O my Lord! for that which Thou hast bestowed, favored, conferred and granted. For Thou hast chosen sincere servants from among Thy people to serve Thy Religion. Thou hast elected them to draw inspiration from Thy Manifest Light, attraction from Thy Luminous Beauty and to walk in Thy straight path. O my Lord! Verily the souls are heedless of Thy mentioning and hearts deprived of Thy love, the eyes veiled from beholding the Kingdom of Thy Beauty and the intellects wandering away from the Centre of Thy Glory, except those who are firm in Thy Covenant, free from dissension, attracting the rays of the Sun of Truth, detaching themselves from inharmony, arising in the service of Thy Cause amongst Thy people and exhilarated from the pure wine of Thy Kingdom. Bestow upon them unlimited blessing and creative good from the never-ending Bounty, and pour upon them with great abundance, from the Cloud of Thy Majesty, the rain of Thy Grace, the water of Thy Generosity and the Universal Favor.
      O Lord, suffer them to become the signs of Thy Guidance, the standards of the Realm of Might, the words of virtue, the army of the Supreme Concourse and the angels of heaven, so that through them the East and the West of the earth may become Illumined, Thy Name be mentioned in the North and South, that they may educate all races and communities and clothe them with the garment of the comely names and the perfect example in this realm of existence.

page 2

      O my Lord, reveal through them the ensign of Unity among mankind and the flag of Love between nations, so that multiplicities may converge into the centre of oneness and harmony, the veils of hatred be rent asunder, the conditions of discord pass away and enmity and rancor vanish from the world of man, So that after disunion the Beloved of Union shall unveil her countenance, animosity be changed into affection, the reign of faction and feud come to an end, and success and prosperity be attained.
      O my Lord, strengthen their backs in their service, gird up their loins in their adoration, dilate their breasts with the light of Thy Knowledge, illumine the eyes by beholding Thy Face, gladden their spirits by the significances of thy Providence and purify their souls by the appearance of Thy Compassion. Verily Thou art the Merciful, the Clement, the Almighty, the Bestower, the Unconstrained! There is no God but Thee, the Giver, the Pardoner, the Hidden, the Manifest and the Source of Bounties!
      O ye friends of God! Joy and happiness of the people of faithfulness consists in serving the Threshold of the Most High and turning their faces to the Kingdom of ABHA. The hope of the lovers is self-sacrifice, and the yearning of the longing ones Is self-effacement and evanescence. For love is an irresistible power and an inextinguishable conflagration and the mirror of the love of God is the great martyrdom. Therefore, the sanctified souls and the Manifestations of God yearned for self-abnegation and attainment to the city of martyrdom. They gave up their lives, experienced exile and banishment, endured persecution and dire calamities, became subject to imprisonment and bondage and the targets of the arrows of oppression, and objects of the sword of malice. They did not complain, neither did they become disheartened. They drank the cup of martyrdom from the Hand of the Cup-Bearer of Providence, and tasted with the greatest joy the sweetness of annihilation. They found not a moment of rest. They sought not an instant of tranquillity. They withstood the persecution of

page 3

the enemies and became the centres of derision and scoffing of the people of envy. They sacrificed their homes and property and became homeless and wanderers. They experienced not one hour of safety, nor a day of repose of mind or body. This is the proof of the sincere lover and this is the evidence of the faithful friend. If it were not so every stranger would become a friend and the deprived one would become the confidant of the mysteries, the remote one would become the near one and the outcast would become the beloved. Consequently the Most Great Wisdom has ordained that the fire of tests shall rage and the rushing torrent of ordeals sweep tumultuously from the Mountain of Revelation, so that the untruthful may become distinguished from the truthful, the unrighteous be known from the righteous, the worshipper of self become separated from the worshipper of God, the good fruit be set apart from the evil fruit, the signs of light become manifest and the gloom of darkness be dispelled, the nightingale of trustworthiness sing the melody of love and the raven of oppression croak the discordant notes of error; the fertile soil become green and verdant and the barren ground produce its thorns and thistles; the attracted ones to the Breath of ABHA become firm and the follower of passion and desire turn away. This is the wisdom of trials and this is the cause of ordeals.
      O ye friends of God! In these days the city of Tabriz has become red with the blood of mankind. Holy souls from among the believers of God sacrificed their lives in the path of Manifest Light. They hastened to the altar of love. Eyes are weeping on this account, hearts are burning for these events, lamentation and moaning is ascending to the apex of the Supreme Concourse and great grief and intense mourning is experienced. It is the utmost yearning of Abdul-Baha to drink from this cup of martyrdom and become exhilarated with the wine of sacrifice, so that the end of his life shall become the opening chapter of Divine Bounty. O my Lord, confer upon me that overflowing cup with the most great gift! Intoxicate me with that wine of the glorious favor and suffer me to partake of that food which cannot be tasted except by Thy

page 4

faithful servant. Crown my head with this refulgent diadem, cause my blood to be shed in Thy Cause, my body to be suspended between heaven and earth, this temple to be dismembered and its bones be disjoined by the arrows of the enemies.
      O ye friends of Abdul-Baha! In these days, through the happy circumstances and the confirmation of the Lord of the Supreme Heavens and the assistance of the Unseen Kingdom, the holy remains of His highness the Supreme (Bab) were transferred to the Mount of Carmel in Haifa in the present Tomb. Therefore, it is necessary for the believers to celebrate the occasion with joy and happiness. The believers in Tabriz became exhilarated with this cup and with the polo of magnanimity carried away the ball of service from the arena of the Cause. Perhaps later on the people of hatred and enmity, may calumniate and misrepresent the facts, stating that the blessed remains of the Bab are in some other place, or that a part of it is elsewhere. The friends of God must know that this is a pure falsehood, calumny and malicious slander. That blessed, crucified body is interred in its entirety on Mount Carmel, but the enemies will not rest quiet. It is certain that they will raise a clamor and claim that we stole that blessed body, or fraudulently transferred it or got hold of a part of it, or that the genii took it away from the firm ones. All these statements are fabrications and slanders. The whole truth is explained here. Upon ye be Baha-el-ABHA!
            (signed) ABDUL-BAHA ABBAS.
      (Translated by Mirza Ahmad Sohrab, Washington, D. C., March 3, 1910.)

BC#31A, BC#31B


Translated by Mirza Ahmad Sohrab.
Transcribed from notes taken by Isabel Fraser.

“These delegates who have gathered in the Peace Conference are like merchants. Each strives to compete for victory with his rival. Even if peace were established, it would be but temporal. Years ago there was an international peace agreement, but wars have continued notwithstanding. If such conferences were endowed with the power to establish an enduring peace, the world would have been at rest long ago.
Praise be to God, souls have assembled here with pure intention. That which is the means of love and fellowship in the world of humanity is acceptable at the Divine Threshold, and that which is conducive to the welfare of mankind, but any movement which brings about rancor, hatred and animosity is not acceptable.
All the holy and inspired messengers who have shone in the history of the world have, as the fulfillment of their mission, the promotion of love and amity in the hearts of the people. In order tha tthe members of the world of humanity might associate with each other, these Divine Souls have utilized every means, for it has been the aim of all the Prophets of God to bring about reconciliation and fellowship among the sons of men. The divine philosophers and scholars of history strove with all their powers to bring about this ideal condition. In this highway they have given up wealth, property and possessions. For this central principle of peace more than twenty thousand in the Orient have given up their lives. While under the sword of execution, their great desire was this fulfillment; while in the pillory they longed for the effulgence of the Holy Spirit. While actually being hewed asunder, they went to death with the greatest joy and felicity, knowing that their martyrdom hastened the millenium. Consider to what an extent they were self-sacrificing. They were happy and ready to give up everything, even to life itself. There are certain souls whose aim is equally lofty. Their desire is also the affinity between members of the human family, but they practice it only to the extent of verbal demonstration. They are not ready to give up their lives for its accomplishment. There is a great difference between the man who rests on the bed of luxury and selfishness, and the man who in the arena of acticity (??) willingly sacrifices all for the attainment of a sacred object.
Philosophers and those who see visions dream safely in the security of their own houses. But the faithful servants of the Almighty did not merely dream high ideals in homes of comfort. In order to prove their sincerity, they gave up their houses and lives. The earth became crimson with their blood, the cross adorned with their holy temples; their bodies and their heads decorated the points of spears. Thereby we can judge of their sincerity. This is the station of sacrifice. This is the station of martyrdom. The man who desires the improvement of the human race must ever be ready to sacrifice his honor, glory and life. In this century the Bahais have sacrificed their lives so that fellowship and affection may become realized in the hearts, so that the world of humanity may become radiant, the children of men be resuscitated with a new life, and the earthly world become a mirror reflecting the divine world. When a holy and divine


To the maidservant of God, the revered ____________________, America.


O thou revered one!
Verily, I always remember thee, and forget thee not; I invoke God to ordain for thee good in this world and in the Kingdom; to dilate thy breast with His Favors, and to cheer thy soul thru His Spirit.
Verily, I consider not thy thoughts, but I consider thy heart, forasmuch as thoughts are moving like unto seas - one wave comes after another goes, and they have no stability. But the heart, whenever it becomes pure and tranquil, the lights will of necessity shine therein sooner or later.
Forget thou not my affection unto thee, my exceeding compassion unto thee, and the days that thou hast spent (here) while thou wert hearing such exhortations which would soften rocks and mountains, expand the hearts of the righteous and cheer the virtuous souls.
O maidservant of God! Verily, the test of God are so violent that mountains are uprooted by them. Stand the Divine tests with firmness and steadfastness, so that they may be transofrmed into gifts from God. Verily, I hope that thou mayst come out of the fire of tests as pure gold, through the assistance and providence of God.
It is said by Christ (Glory be to Him!) “Pray that ye may not enter into temptation.” Now, it is incumbent upn thee to pray! It is incumbent upon thee to beseech God!
There is no wonder if thou hast fallen into the tests, for, verily, the great Peter, who was the head of the Apostles, fell into tests thrice; but, verily, God made him so firm that he sacrificed his life in love for Christ. Oh, excellent is firmness that follows a test! Verily, I have compassion for thee, like unto that of an affectionate father for his dear daughter, and I beg of God to dilate thy breast under all circumstances. I have a spiritual, heavenly speech with thee, which, as a mercy, I do not wish to write by pen, or translate by tongue (i.e., put into words), but I will address them unto thee in a dream, inasmuch as I am compassionate toward thee.
Upon thee be greeting and praise!
(Signed) Abdul Baha Ababas.


To Mrs. S.-- Brooklyn.


O thou gem who art shining with the Light of the Love of God! Verily I read thy confession of the Oneness of God, thine acknowledgement of the Appearance of the Kingdom of God, thy turning toward the Day-Spring of the Verses of God, thy desire to arise in the service of the Cause of God, and thine adherence to the Covenant of God. Amen!
I say unto thee: Every woman who is directed to the Guidance of God in this Great Age, will surpass men in every respect; and she will be informed of the Hidden Mystery of Preserved Allegory; her word will take effect even in a hard rock; minds will be astonished at the power of her understanding; and souls will be subdued by the strength of her argument.
It is incumbent upon thee to be steadfast in this Great Cause, firm in this right path, quaff from this cup which is overflowing with the Wine of Knowledge, and resist the hosts of trial (or tests).
Upon thee be praise.

(Signed) Abdul-Baha Abbas.


To be read every morn and eve:


Glory be unto Thee, O my God! I beg of Thee, by the Lights of Thy Beauty, the Exalted, the Supreme, and by the Appearance of the Might of Thy Dominion betwixt the heaven and earth, and by the Baha of Thy Face, whereby the denizens of the cities of Eternity are illumined, not to withhold me from the wonders of the Sun of Thy Knowledge, nor to deprive me from entering the Sanctity of Thy Meeting. Verily Thou art the Powerful in that which Thou willest. Verily Thou art the Mighty, the Powerful. O my God, I am he who has turned away his Face from the faces of all the created beings and has turned unto the face of the Holiness fo Thy Oneness; and he has fled from himself and from all else save Thee, and sought shelter in the shadow of the Tree of Thy Singleness. Therefore, O my God, leave me not to myself nor to anything of what is created betwixt the Heavens and earth. Then cause me to enter, O my God, into the Tents of Thy Nearness and the Pavilions of Thy Love. Then disclose to me, O my God, that which is concealed from the sight of Thy servants and that which is veiled from the Knowledge of Thy creatures. Then grant, O my God, that I may be of such as have entered the Fortress of Thy Assistance and abided in the neighborhood of Thy Mercy. Verily Thou art the Doer of whatsoever Thou willest and Ruler over that which Thou desirest. Then protect me, O my God, from my enemies and from all that is not loved by Thy good pleasure. Then cause to descend upon me from the Heaven of Thy Generosity that which may sever me from all the creatures and may cause me to reach unto Thyself, the Supreme, in this most pure and brilliant Garment.

Consider what was revealed in Kitab-el-Akdas:
“When the Sea of Meeting sinks, and the Book of Origin is achieved to the end, turn to Him who is desired by God, who is branched from this pre-existent Root. The Aim of this blessed Verse if the Greatest Branch. Thus We manifested the Command as a favor from before Us, and I am The Generous! The Bountiful!”
“O people of creation! When the Dove soars from the bower of praise and aspires to the Supreme Purpose, ask whatever ye do not understand in the Book, from the Branch, who is branched from this pre-existent Root.”



The Commands of Our Blessed MASTER, ABDUL-BAHA, as revealed in Tablets and Instructions for the beloved in America.


To live the life.
To be no cause of grief to any one.
To love each other very much.
To be kind to all people and to love them with a pure spirit.
Should opposition or injury happen to us, we must bear it and be as kind as ever we can be, and through all, we must love the people. Should calamity exist in the greatest degree, we must rejoice, for these things are the Gifts and Favors of GOD.
To be silent concerning the faults of others, to pray for them, and help them–through kindness–to correct their faults.
To look always at the good and not at the bad. If a man has ten good qualities and one bad one, we must look at the ten adn forget the one. And if a man has ten bad qualities and one good one, we must look at the one and forget the ten.
To never allow ourselves to speak one unkind word about another, even though that other be our enemy.
To rebuke those who speak to us of the faults of others.
All of our deeds must be done in kindness.
To be occupied in spreading the Teachings, for only through obedience to this Command, our Master has said, will we receive the power and confirmation of the Spirit; and that whosoever is granted this power and confirmation of the Spirit, is under the Favor of GOD, but, otherwise, he is as a lamp without light. The Master also said that: “Every seed cast in this great and magnificent century (i.e., period) will be cultivated by GOD, and produce plants, through the abundance of the clouds of His Mercy.
To cut our hearts from ourselves and from the world.
To be humble.
To be servants of each other and to know that we are less than any one else.
To be as one soul in many bodies; for the more we love each other, the nearer we will be to GOD; but that our love, our unity, our obedience, must not be by confession but of reality.
To act with cautiousness and wisdom.
To be truthful.
To be hospitable.
To be reverent.
To be a cause of healing for every sick one; a comforter for every sorrowful one; a pleasant water for every thirsty one; a Heavenly Table for every hungry one; a guide for every seeker; rain for cultivation; a star to every horizon; a light for every lamp; a herald to every yearning one for the Kingdom of GOD.
Our Blessed Master said: “By these things you know the faithful servant of GOD.”



To live in peace, love, union and agreement, and overlook the faults and defects of others and to see only their good actions and not their bad ones. These are things that will lead to perfect success and thorough happiness.

Fear not any trouble, persecution or calamity which may befall you, for it is said that when the flag of the truth appears it will be cursed by the people of the east and west; just as it was in the past, so it will be now without the least difference.

Every soul is commanded by God to deliver the Truth and work out His Cause, and those who comply with His High Command should, FIRST, characterize themselves with the best characteristics, and THEN try to deliver the Truth to the people, who undoubtedly, under such circumstances, be attracted by the words of such teachers, if those be truth-seekers. Otherwise his words will not have the least effect in the hearts of the worshipers of God.

God, the Forgiving, the Merciful, also teaches you that those who do wrong and oppress others, and at the same time command the people to be just, will, by the words coming out of their mouths, be accused of lying and declared to be liars by the people of the Kingdom, and by those who go about the Handsome Throne of Thy Lord.

Oh, ye people, commit not what will make you lose your honor, dignity, and the sanctity of the Cause before the worshipers. Be careful not to come near anything shunned by your minds. Fear God and follow not the unmindful. Do not be unfaithful to the property of the people. Be faithful and honest on this earth. Do not deprive the poor people, or exclude them from what was given to you from the Bounty of God, and He will give you double of what you have and possess, for He is the Donor, the Bestower and the Generous.

Say! We have pre-ordained the delivery of the Truth through eloquence and demonstration; therefore beware not to dispute or argue with anyone, and he who wishes implicitly and sincerely to receive the Truth for the sake of the Face of his Lord, will be confirmed by the Holy Spirit and inspired with what will enlighten the heart of the world, how much more the hearts of the seekers!

Oh, people of Baha! Make submissive the Cities of the Hearts with the Sword of Wisdom and Explanation; and those who argue in accordance with own desire and wish, they are in obvious wrong.

Say! The Sword of Wisdom is stronger than the summer and sharper than the Sword of Iron, if ye are knowing. Draw out that Sword in My Name and Power, then invade with it the Cities of the Hearts of those who are fortifying themselves with the fortification of Desire, also, ye were commanded by your God, El-Baha, while He was sitting under the swords of the disbelievers, that if ye know of nay sin or wrong committed by others, do not make it public, and do not reveal it to others in order that He may not reveal you, for He is the One who veils often–the Possessor of the Great Bounty.

Oh rich people! When you see a poor man, do not grow proud and haughty and despise him, but think from what you were created, for each one is created from despised water. Be truthful and sincere to Him and your temples will be decorated and your names elevated and your posi-


tions grow higher and higher among the people, and you will have before God The Truth, a great reward.


He who wishes to deliver the Cause of his Lord must at first deliver it to himself, and then to others, in order to have their hearers attracted to what they say. Otherwise, their words will not have the least effect in the hearts of the truthseekers.

O people! Beware of being of those who command OTHERS to be righteous, and at the same time they forget themselves, for that which comes out of their mouths will declare them liars. Not only that, but they will be accused of lying by the facts of things, and by the angels who are near. But if it happens that the words of such guides do take effect in the hearts of any certain ones, it is not in reality from them, but from what was pre-ordained in the words by the Almighty, the Wise. Such guides will be likened unto a lamp from which the worshipers received light while it burns in itself, and at least is burned out.

O ye people! Commit not what will make you lose your honor and dignity, and the sanctity of the Cause before the worshipers. Be not sowers of discord, and be careful not to come near anything shunned by your minds. Turn aside sin and avoid iniquity, for it is forbidden by God in the Book, which could not be touched by any but by those whom God has purified from corruption and made them pure. Be just to yourselves, then to other people, so that the traces of Justice will, thro (?) your actions and deeds, appear before the sincere worshipers. Do not be unfaithful to the property of the people. Be faithful and honest amongst them and do not deprive the poor people of what was given to you from the Bounty of God, and He will give you the double of what you have and possess. There is no God but He, and in Him is the Creative Power and Command. He gives to whom He wishes and forbids whom He desires. He is the Donor, the Bestower, the Invincible, the Generous.

Say, oh people of Baha! Give the word of God, for God has commanded that it is the duty of every soul to deliver His Word, and it is the best thing and the greatest thing to do; as no soul will be accepted unless it knows God, the Almighty, the Powerful. It is pre-ordained to deliver the Truth through explanations and demonstrations and not otherwise.

It is also commanded by the Power of God, the Supreme, the Wise, not to argue or dispute with any soul, but remind that soul with good explanations and admonitions. If that soul is mindful, it is well. If not, leave, and do not argue. Do not argue about the world and its vanities, nor what was pre-ordained to anyone in this world, for God has left the world to its people, and He does not wish anything out of it but the hearts of the worshipers.

It is also commanded by God, El-Bhaa, the Almighty, the All-Knowing, to have mercy upon yourselves, then upon those near you, and then upon the sincere worshipers of God. If you come in contact with a certain low and contemptible person, do not grow haughty and despise him, for the Sultan of Glory and Grandeur will pass near him in these days and nobody knows hom, but only the One whose will is the will of your Lord, the Almighty, the Wise.



O people of wealth and riches! If you see a poor man suffering from any calamity, do not run away form him, but sit with him and ask him about the things heaped upon him from the seas of determination and predestination.

By God, under this circumstance, the people of the High World will testify for you, pray for you, ask forgiveness for you, mention you and glorify you with pure, holy and eloquent tongues. Blessed is the learned man who does not boast of his knowledge and despise those who are under him. How good is the charitable man who does not ridicule the one who disobeys and who does not make public the faults commited by that man so his sins and crimes may not be unveiled by God, who is the Best Veiler.

O people, be veilers and forgivers so that God may forgive you from His own Bounty, and overlook the trespasses of others, so that God may overlook yours and clothe you with the beautiful garment of Kindness. If any one of the believers asks you for protection, have him protected and do not deprive him of what he wants if you are able to do it, so that God may protect you in the shadow of His Mercy, on that day in which the bosoms heave, the hearts burn and the elements of all creations shake and tremble.

Say, O people! Tell the pure truth always, for it is the thing which will decorate yourselves and elevate your names and make your positions high and supreme amongst all the people in this world; and in the world to come a great reward from your God, the Truth. Also advise those who have believed and admonish them; perhaps they will accept the advice given to them in the Book of God and come to the Right Path.

The Kingdom of God is also likened unto the temple of man. We know very well that such temple is composed of many members which differ greatly in shape, form, action and office, and when these differenct members act in harmony with each other and have the real perfect affinity and attraction among them, they form together that temple which will be thoroughly ready to receive the Spirit - although so various and different. We cannot say that one member is preferred to another, or is of greater importance in the formation of the temple. No, we cannot say that, for each member has its own office and by the action of all in harmony and unison, a perfect result is produced. So is the case with the Kingdom of God, which Kingdom is composed of different members, and if these members, although differing in quality, ofrm, shapes and characters, act in harmony with each other and in perfect agreement, they will form the Kingdom of God and will be ready to receive the confirmation of His Spirit. But if disagreement falls among them, and each one wants to make himself greater than the other, thinking of his high office and importance, the Kingdom of God will not be formed of such members and they will never be ready or worthy to receive the confirmation of His Spirit.

The Kingdom of God is also likened unto a garden of trees. We all know that a garden, in order to be beautiful, must contain a good number of trees, various in size and different in colors, flowers and fruits. Some of the trees are tall and some are short, some bear good and sweet fruits, some sour and some bitter, but all the trees are necessary to form a garden. No tree can say to the other, ‘I am the most important organ of the lot,’ or ‘I am more profitable than you.’ Not


so whatever. Because all of the trees in that garden are watered by the same Hand, having the same sun and the same breeze passing on them. If any distinction is to be made among them, such distinction must belong to the owner of the garden and not to the trees themselves.

So is the Kingdom of God. He is the Owner and Lord of the Kingdom, and everything relating to the members of the Kingdom is in His Hands and belongs to Him only, although the members are not equal in everything, but different in size, disposition, quality, character, conduct, color and fruit. Yet, all of them are necessary to form the Kingdom, but they cannot make any distinction among themselves. High distinction belongs only to the Lord of the Kingdom. No one can prefer himself to others, because all are watered by the same Hand, having the same sun, etc. Therefore, they should be as one, loving and respecting each other and considering themselves as brothers and sisters and even more, for in spirituality, kinship is not to be considered whatever. Jesus Christ said, “He who hears my word is my borther, sister and mother.”

Every man wishing to run (?) his face to the Supreme Horizon must purify his inside and outside, and abstain from what is forbidden in the Book of God, and do in accordance with what was descended in the vision, to-wit: ‘Say! He is God, then, in their ford let them play hopelessly.’ He ought to consider everythinng besides God as a handful of dust. Also, the Lights of the Cause on His Return has shown from the Horizon of Heaven in accordance to the will of God, the Almighty, the Invincible, the Bestower; and he who wishes to deliver the Cause of his Lord has to decorate his head with the crown of devotion and his body with purity and godliness. In another place, ‘Every guide has to overlook everything in his possession and in that of others, and look only to that which is in the possession of God, the Ever-lasting, the Unchangeable.”

We have said, and what We say is the Truth, ‘It is not the calamity that I have been imprisoned and persecuted by My enemies, but it is caused by those who relate themselves to Myself, and at the same time commit what will make My Heart mourn and My Pen lament.’

(It is here plainly outlined that the greatest enemies are those who sow discord as believers, not those who are unbelieving opposers of Truth.)


My worshipers and servants are commanded to practice integrity and piety, so that they may arise from the sleep of their desire, and turn their faces to God, the Creator of earth and Heaven. Also, we likewise commanded the worshipers at that time when the Brilliant Light shone from the direction of Arak. Some of the people have violated the Covenant, and some followed the command of the All-Knowing and Wise

It is not the calamity that I have been imprisoned and oppressed by the rebels of My subjects, but it is the action of those who attribute themselves to Me, the Oppressed, and who commit what will make them lose the honor of God amongst His creatures. They are nothing but sowers of discord and those who corrupt and do mischief on this earth, and who dispose of the property of people. I do not know them and will not unless they repent and come back to God, the Forgiving, the Generous, the Merciful.


To the members of the General Assembly of Los Angeles,
Upon them be the Glory of the Most Glorious.

He is GOD!

O ye honoured Souls:
The world had, through the rotten, out-of-date and blind imitatinos, become like unto a dark night. The foundations of the Teachings of GOD had totally been forgotten. The people had adhered to the shell and neglected the kernel. The nations had, like unto worn-out garments, fallen into a pitiful condition.
In this intense darkness the Light of the Teachings of Baha’o’llah appeared and adorned the temple of the world with a new Robe. This new Robe is the Divine Principles. A new Cycle dawned; Creation was renewed; the world of humanity received a new Spirit; the season of autumn passed away and the life-giving springtime arrived. Everything was renewed; sciences were reborn; thoughts were rebuilt; etiquette became remodelled; industry became revolutionized; discoveries were renovated; inventions were regenerated; even trivial matters such as dress, merchandise and weapons were transofrmed; the laws and regulations of every Government became reconstituted. In short, renovation followed renovation.
All these renovatinons originate in the Renewal of the Splendid Graces of the Lord of the Kingdom through which the universe was rejuvenated. Therefore the point is to release the people entirely from the worn-out thoughts so that all their mind may be concentrated in the new Teachings which constitute the Spirit of this Age and the light of this Century. Unless these Principles are among men established with full power and unless these old habits and out-of-date customs are forgotten, the world of existence cannot enjoy ease and comfort and cannot exhibit Heavenly accomplishments.
Ye should strive with heart and soul so that those who are negligent may become cognizant, those who are asleep may become awakened, those who are ignorant may obtain wisdom, those who are blind may obtain sight, those who are deaf may receive hearing, and those who are dead may be revived.
Ye should exhibit such a strengh of steadfastness as to make all the people astonished.
The Heavenly Confirmations are with ye.
Upon ye be Baha-ul Abha.

(signed) Abdul Baha Abbas.

Haifa, Syria; March 27 1920.
Translated by Azizullah S Bahadur.


TO their honors, Mr. and Mrs. Beckett, Glendale, Cal. U.S.A.
Upon them be Bahullah’il Abha.


O ye two faithful and assured souls!

The letter was received. Praise be to God, it imparted good tidings. California is ready for the promulgation of the Teachings of God. My hope is that ye may strive with heart and soul that the sweet scent may perfume the nostrils.

Miss. Anna Greig, Mrs Alice Blackman, Mrs Kathrine Tiggar and Mrs. Dr. Ruth Newland were blessed souls and praise be to God they passed away firm and steadfast. They flew away from a narrow and gloomy world to a specious and illumined realm, they have been freed from every pain and affliction and have attained unto everlasting joy and gladness.
Convey on my behalf to Mrs. Chase respectful greeting and say:– “Mr Chase is in the horizon of Truth a twinkling star be dissipated and the radiance of that star shall illumine the state of California. Appreciate thou this bounty that thou hast been his wife and companion in life”. In short, every year on the anniversary of the ascension of that blessed soul the friends must visit his tomb on behalf of Abdul-Baha in the utmost lowliness and humility, should with all respect lay on his grave wreaths of flowers (?) all the day in quiet prayer, while turning the face toward the kingdom of sighs and mentioning and praising the attributes of that illustrious person.

Those souls who during the war have served the poor and have been in the Red Cross mission work, their services are accepted at the Kingdom of God and are the cause of their everlasting life.
Convey to them this glad-tidings (?).

Upon thee be greeting praise.

Translated by Shoghi Rabbani,
Bahjen, Acca, Palestine;
July 23rd, 1919.


Tablet Translation

To the believers of God and the maid-servants of God
Upon them be Baha-Ollah- El Abha.
Los Angeles, Calif.,


O ye who are attracted to the Kingdom of God!
Your letter was received. It was glorius poor of your firmness in the Cause of God. Praise be to God that with the utmost joy and fragrance ye are engaged in laying the foundation of the edifice of Guidance and are striving in the promotion of the Teachings of His Highness the Almighty, and like unto the birds of meadows you are singing the Anthem of the Kingdom in that meeting;– so you may become the cause of the guidance of the erring ones and the means of the salvation of the wicked ones.
This intention is conducive to the attainment of Divine Bounty. It is certain that the Confirmation of the Lord of Glory will descend upon you.

Upon ye be Baha El Abha.
(Signed) Abdul Baha Abbas.

Tranlsated by Mirza Ahmad Sohrab July 29th. 1914.
Home of Abdul Baha, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Syria.


Through Mirza Ahmad Sohrab to Frank Beckett and Loretha Beckett.


O ye true, pure souls!
Your letter was received. You have expressed happiness on account of my trip to Egypt. Through this trip the fame of the Cause of God will become world-wide and will display wonderful effect in the hearts and souls of the Believers; for the aim is serving the Word of God and raising the call of the Kingdom.
In brief, endeavor ye with heart and soul and impart with the utmost happiness and rejoicing the glad tidings of the Kingdom of God so that the inhabitants of Tropico may find rejoicing and beatitude and your kind father may also obtain Faith.

Upon thee be Baha el Abha!

(Signed) Abdul- Baha Abbas!


To the friends and maidservants of the Merciful
in Los Angeles and the other cities of California,
% Mr, and Mrs. Beckett;
Upon them be Bhaullah’il Abha.


O ye friends and maid-servants of the Merciful!

From the spiritual assembly of Los Angeles a letter has been received. It was indicative of the fact that the blessed souls in California, like unto an immovable mountain, are withstanding the gale of violation, have like unto blessed trees been implanted in the soil of the Covenant and are in the utmost firmness and steadfastness. The hope is entertained, therefore, that through the blessings of the Sun of Truth they may daily increase in their firmness and steadfastness. The tests of every dispensation are in direct proportion with the greatness of the Cause and as heretofore such a manifest Covenant, written by the Supreme Pen, has not been entered upon, the tests are proportionately severe. These trials cause the feeble souls to waver while those who are firm are not affected. These agitations of the violators are no more than the foam of the ocean, which is one of its inseparable features, but the ocean of the Covenant has surged and surged until it has thrown out the dead bodies– the souls that are deprived of the Spirit of God and are lost in passion and self and are seeking leadership. In fine this froth of the Ocean shall not endure but shall soon disappear and vanish while on the other hand the ocean of the Covenant shall eternally surge and roar.
Consider then that Christ, in order to preserve the unity of Christendom, said to Peter- “Thou art the rock and upon this rock I shall build my Temple.” This word has secured every one’s submissiveness and allegiance and has preserved for a thousand years the unity of the Christian world. Notwithstanding the fact that this declaration was not a command to obey and to follow and was verbally delivered, yet it has proved to do away with any foam that might appear on the surface of the ocean of Christ and to cast ashore any dead body that sought the vanities of this world. At present His Holiness Bahaullah, through His Supreme Pen, has written the Book of the Covenant and has called it the “Book fo the Covenant,” and has entered with every one into a covenant and a testament. He first addresses the Aghsans, then the Afnans and then the relations bidding them to turn their faces to the Center of the Covenant and has then in accordance with the explicit text of the Most Holy Book (the Book of Laws) made the Center of the Covenant the Expounder of the Book.


From the early days of creation down to the present time, throughout all the Divine Dispensations, such a firm and explicit Covenant has not been entered upon. In view of this fact is it possible for these foams to remain on the surface of the Ocean of the Covenant? No, by God! The violators are trampling upon their own dignity, are uprooting their own foundation and are proud in that they are upheld by flatterers who exert a great effort to shake the faith of feeble souls. But this action of theirs is of no consequence; it is a mirage and not water, the foam and not the sea, the mist and not the cloud, illusion and not reality. All this ye shall soon see.
In short, praise be to God, ye are firm and steadfast and be ye thankful that like unto blessed trees ye are firmly implanted in the soil of the Covenant. It is sure that every firm one will grow, will yield fresh fruits and will increase daily in freshness and grace. Reflect upon all the writings of Bahaullah, whether epistles or prayers, and ye shall surely come across a thousand passages wherein Bahaullah prays as follows-- “O God! exterminate the violators (?) of the Covenant and defeat the opposers of the Testament,” “He who denies the Covenant and the Testament is rejected by God, and he who remains firm and steadfast therein is favored at the Threshold of Oneness.” Such sayings and prayers abound, refer to them and ye shall know.
In short, be never depressed. The more ye are stirred by violation, the more deepn ye in firmness and steadfastness, and be assured that the Divine Hosts shall conquer for they are assured of the victory of the Abha Kingdom. Throughout all regions the standard of firmness and steadfastness is upraised and the flag of violation is debased for only few weak souls have been led away be the flattery and the specious arguments of the violators, are outwardly with the greatest care exhibiting firmness but inwardly are engaged in stirring the souls. Only a few who are the leaders of those who stir and agitate are outwardly known as violators while the rest, through subtle means deceive the souls, for outwardly they assert their firmness and steadfastness in the Covenant but when they come across responsive ears they secretly sow the seeds of sucpicion. The case of all of them resembles the violation of the covenant by Judas Iscariot and his followers. Consider has any result or trace remained after them. Not even a name has been left behind his followers and although a great number of Jews have sided with him it was as if he had no followers at all. This Judas Iscariot who was the leader of the apostles betrayed His Holiness Christ for thirty dirhams.
Take heed, O ye people of perception!


At present these insignificant viiolators will surely give away the Center of the Covenant for the large sum which they have begged by every subtle means. It is now thirty years that His Holiness Bahaullah has ascended and these violators have meanwhile striven with the utmost effort. What have they done so far? Under all conditions those who have remained firm in the Covenant have conquered while the violators have met defeat, dejection and disappointment. After the ascension of Abdul-Baha, no trace of them shall remain. These souls ignore what will happen and are proud of their own fancies.
In short, O ye friends of God and the maid-servants of the merciful! The hand of the Divine Bounty has placed upon your heads a bejewelled crown, the precious gems of which shall eternally shine over all regions. Appreciate this bounty and unloosen the tongue in praise and thanksgiving, and engage in the promulgation of the Divine Teachings for this is the Spirit of Life and the means of salvation.

Upon ye be Baha’ilAbha.

Original of this tablet signed by Abdul-Baha.

Translated by Shoghie Rabbani,
Bahjeh, Acca, Palestine.
July 23rd, 1919.


To those who say Jesus Christ came back to earth in his earthly body they should reflect that Jesus Christ was 33 years old at the time of His death. According to medical science it is established that His body had been completely changed at least three times. If it was the body of the third decade of his life which revived, what became of the other two?


After the death of the Blessed Perfection, one day the chief of Mohammedan priests of Acca came to our Lord, and said he had seen the door of his room open and the Blessed Perection come into his room. This was the Truth and Cause of the Blessed Perfection which manifested itself and its continuance to him this way.



Jesus Christ had two bodies - one spiritual and one material. The material body is of no importance. It changes and changes always. An old persons’ body is not the same as that o fthe same person when young. The visible world does nothing but change, and change leads to annihilation.
We must be sure that the soul of man leaves his body it never return to that body again.
In the Gospel record, when jesus was crucified and ascended, Mary Magdalen and the other disciples had fallen into such a state of excitement and agitation that during three days the Cause of God was annihilated for them. After three days their agitation, having abated, they realized that the Cause of Jesus Christ and his teaching was ever lasting in the world. The disciples would not at first write to the other believers openly that Jesus was crucified till mary Magdalen said to them, what does it matter, His soul is with us. When Jesus was crucified some said; “His religion is annihilated and gone”. Mary Magdalen said: “Matter is gone and flesh - but the soul of the religion is forever.”
Thomas was a feeble character who believed that the cause was lost; after a little time he saw that though Jesus was killed, the Cause of God still continued and then he realized and believed.



Buddha was a very good man - a divine philosopher, but not a great prophet. Many of his moral teaching greatly resemble those of Jesus. The doctrine of Reincarnation as taught by the Buddhists and some ancient philosophers, is not true. It was largely invented by those people who cling to this world, and loved it so, that they could conceive of no happiness apart from it. All those souls who are truly severed from the world and from everything save God, have always longed to depart and go onward to a more spiritual existence. Many of the theosophists have said that it was necessary for people to return again and again, in order gradually to attain to perfection, but there is no spiritual benefit in mere length of time! Those who receive the Holy Spirit can instantly become perfect.
Take for an illustration the olive trees, which exists for thousands of years yet they have not by this duration of time attained to the life and development of the animal kingdom, whereas a small


insect existing for onlyl a few days or hours belongs to it. Indeed many of the ancient philosophers involved this idea of reincarnation in order to fill a flaw in their doctinres. They believed this material existence was all for they had not attained, as we have, to the knowledge of the spiritual existence beyond; and they thought it was necessary for the sake of justice that a man should be reborn on this earth again and again.
No infant is ever born bad - all infants are born alike good. But their education and surrounding and their individuality make them become what they afterwards are.

Question asked ABDUL BAHA by I. D. Brittingham in a letter in 1902.

“Are the planets or stars the many mansions in heaven of which Christ spoke, telling His disciples that He went to prepare a place for them?”

Answer: contained in a Tablet from Abdul Baha to I.D. Brittingham, translated by M.A. Fareed, Chicago, August 15, 1902

“As to thy question regarding the stars: Know thou those brilliant stars are numberless and their existence is not void of wisdom both useful and important (i.e., their existence is of great importance.)”
Rather, they are worlds, as this world of ours. But they differ in their bodies by the difference of elements from this earthly body. They differ in (their) formation. The beings existent upon these bodies are according to their formation.
“As to the worlds where unto Chirst (upon whom be the great glory!) referred- They are spiritual, divine, heavenly, single, unlocated: niether the imperfect mind can comprehend them, nor the sinning soul know them. But, verily, the sights of the people of the Kingdom of EL ABHA perceive them and the intellects of the people of the Supreme Concourse apprehend them.”

In July, 1912, New York City, this question was presented to Abdul Baha by I.D. Brittingham, and the following questions were asked, and again were asked Him in November, 1912.
1st question: “Some think that this teaching has been incorrectly translated and Abdul Baha teaches that the souls, upon leaving this earth, do go to the planets or stars, and that they progress in their spiritual development through living upon one after another of these bodies. Is any of this teaching true?”
Abdul Baha: “No”
2nd question- “Were the souls dwellers upon any planets or stars before coming to the earth?”
Abdul Baha “No”.
3rd question: “Were the souls created as individuals before they entered the physical bodies of this world?”
Abdul Baha: “They existed before coming to this world, but not as we know personality upon this planet.”

(see also BC#17)


Extracts from Tablets of Abdul Baha on Immortality.

Concerning the condition of the human soul after its ascention from the material world; The essences of the human soul are clarified from material substances and purified from the embodiment of substantial things. It is exclusively luminous; it has no body; it is a dazzling pencil of light; it is a celestial orb of brightness.
Those souls who are not vivified and attracted by the Holy Spirit are accounted among the dead, because their souls are deprived o fthe Breath of the Holy Spirit, and these after physical death, are in their environment, but, in comparison with the pure souls who have been vivified by the Holy Spirit, they are as dead and deprived.
Those souls who have passed through death have a sphere of their own. It is not removed from ours. Their work is ours, the work of the Kingdom, but it is sanctified from what we call time and place. In prayer there is a mingling of station a mingling of condition. Pray for them as they pray for you. When you do not know it they are able to make suggestions to you, if you are in difficulty and in a receptive attitude. But there is no phenomenal intercourse. That which seems like intercourse has a much depper and more subtle explanation. It is not possible to put into human words these great matters. The language of man is the language of children. Man’s language often leads astray.
“Concerning the question whether all souls enjoy Eternal Life; Know thou these souls partake of the Eternal Life in whom the Spirit of Life is breathed from the Presence of God, and all besides them are dead- without Life; as Christ has explained (this matter) in the texts of the Gospel. Any persons whose insight is opened by God sees the souls in their stations after the disintegration of the bodies. Verily, they are living and subsisting before their Lord! And he sees also the dead souls submerged in the gulf of mortality. Then know thou, verily, all the souls are created according to the Nature OF GOD, and all are in the state of (unconscious) purity at the time of their birth. But afterwards they difer from one another in so far as they acquire excellencies or defects. Nevertheless, the creatures have different degrees in existence in sofar as the creation goes for capacities are different but all of them are good and pure (in their essence;) then afterward they are polluted and defiled. Although there are different states of creation, yet all of them are beneficial.”
Question was asked Abdul Baha if any soul was annihilated/ He answered “No, it will be placed in different conditions by God’s Mercy, and will eventually progress.”
“But the spirits of heavenly souls will find eternal life; that is, they will attain to the highest and most great stations of perfection. But the spirits of the heedless souls, although they are immortal, are in a world of imperfection, concealment, and ignorance.
This is a concise answer. Contemplate and meditate upon it in order that thou mayest comprehend the realities of the mysteries in detail. For instance, no matter how much the mineral has an existence and a life, yet in comparison to man it is entirely non-existent and deprived of life. For man is translated from life to death his comparative station will be that of a mineral existence. In such wise, the mineral life typifies the detah of man. This is a brief answer.”
Abdul Baha says; the holy souls are promised the Gift of Intercession; know thou for a certainty that in the Divine Worlds the spiritual beloved ones (believers) will recognize each other and will seek union (with each other), but a spiritual union. I hope that we shall be together in the Divine worlds. Likewise a love that one may have


entertained for any one will not be forgotten in the world of the Kingdom. Likewise, thou wilt not forget the life that thou hast had in the material world. O maid-servant of God Hold fast to the “Most Strong Handle” and be thoroughly attracted to the Kingdom of Abha, until thou mayest at every instant find a new confirmation and attain to a wonderful Gift, and become a cause for the guidance of souls.”
“When the souls of the sincere depart (from this body), then their unreal vision (i.e., seeing) is changed unto a vision of reality. Even as man, when in the age of babyhood and imperfection, though he reacheth the world (or age) of perfection and becometh endowed with reasoning faculty and (the power of) discrimination and comprehension, then that vision of his is a vision (i.e., seeing) of reality and not the unreality. It is evident that the divine nearness is an unlimited nearness, be it in this world or the next one. This is a nearness which is sanctified from the comprehension of the minds. The more a man seeketh light from the Sun of Truth, the nearer he will draw. For instance, a clear body is near unto the sun, and a black stone is far from the sun. This nearness dependeth upon clearness, purity and perfection and that remoteness is due to density, dullness (or obscurity) and imperfection. “as to the qeustion whether the souls will recognize each other in the spiritual world; This (fact) is certain; for the Kingdom is the world of vision (i.e.,) things are visible in it, where all the concealed realities will become disclosed. How much more the well known souls will become manifest. The mysteries of which man is heedless in this earthly world, those will he discover in the heavenly world, and there will he be informed of the secret of truth; how much more will he recognize or discover persons with whom he hath been associated. Undoubtedly, the holy souls who find a pure eye and are favored with insight will, in the kingdom of lights, be acquainted with the mysteries, and will seek the bounty of witnessing the reality of the Beauty of God in that world. Likewise will they find all the friends of God, both those of the former and recent times, presen in the heavenly assemblage. As to the difference and distinction between Lazarus and that ‘rich man’; The first was spiritual, while the second was material. One was in the highest degree of knowledge and the other in the lowest depths of ignorance. The difference and distinction will naturally become realized between all men after their departure from this mortal world. But this distinction is not in respect to place, but it is in respect to the soul and conscience. For the Kingdom of God is sanctified (or free) from time and place; it is another world and another universe. But the holy souls are promised the Gift of Intercession.”
“Be not grieved at the death of thy dear daughter. This divine bird flew away to the rose garden of the Merciful and that plant of humanity hastened to the garden of the Kingdom of El Abha. That drop returned to the Most Great Sea and that ray betook herself to the Most Great Orb. Be happy and thankful because thou wilt see her face shining in the divine Kingdom and wilt find her as a lamp amid an assembly in the spiritual heaven.”


Extract from a Tablet to one of the American believers.
It hbehoveth him (Man) to seek only, Divine Bounties, and subjects, which lead to the Knowledge of the Invisible, (Word of God) through the mediation of the Holy Spirit. Then he will receive the Reality of the Triune powers in man, through his innate sight. For, verily, the signs of the triune powers which exist in mankind are spirit, Intellect and Soul.
Spirit is the Power of Life, the Intellect (Mind) is the power which comprehends the realities of things; and the Soul is an intermediary between the Supreme Concourse (Spiritual World) and the lower (Material) Concourse; it has two phases. The higher aspires to the Kingdom of El Abha, and the Light of the Intellect, shines forth from that Horizon (Kingdom) unto its higher sphere. The other plan inclines to the Lower Concourse of the Material world and its lowest sphere is enveloped in the darkness of ignorance, but when Light is poured upon this phase, and if this phase of the soul is capable of perceiving it, then “Truth has come and falsehood vanished for falsehood is short duration”. Otherwise darkness will surround it from all directions and it will deprive it of associating with the Supreme Concrouse, and it will remain in the lowest depths.
“As to the Voice?” i.e., There are two kinds of voices, One is the physical voice and it is expressed by atmospheric vibrations, which effect the nerve of the ear, the other is the Merciful Breath (of God), and this is a call which is continually heard from the Supreme Concourse, and cheers the pure and Holy Souls. May it be beneficial to to those who have heard this call” Know thou, verily, that the Ancient Light, and the Manifest Beauty (God) has sown seeds in the soil of existence, and hath irrigated them through His Spiritual Bounties. This soil will surely bring forth good plants of Divine gifts, the Leaves of this growth are Love and Union, and its stem is the Teaching of the True One and His Supreme Law and its grain pods are the Heavenly Blessings which give life to the Souls - Depend thou upon these” Depend thou upon these, Depend thou upon these. Abandon every imagination and be attracted to the Lights of Reality, and discover both the Divine Truths and the physical Truths. Also know thou, that he greatest spiritual and Divine chaplet (Talisman) is the word of God and the Sun of Truth which penetrates the reality of the created beings and attracts the entire soul of man in the world of existence, and which draws forth unto all horizons. Hast thou ever perceived a greater chaplet than this? No “By the splendor of Baha” Verily I yearn for the visit of those Souls who are cheered, dilated, moved by and attracted to the Holy Spirit, and the Word of God. As to the critical period, through the confirmation of Baha;– nor is He dominated by any critical period; and as proof of this Abdul Baha has withstood all critical periods and great dangers since His earliest childhood, to the present day; through the assistance of the Supreme Lord.
Upon thee be greeting and praise
Abdul Baha Abbas

Extract from Mr Hatcher s Tablet.

“But know thou, verily, that I associate with heart and conscience with firm friends, and speak with them without lip or tongue, and discuss with them the divine messages which are abiding in the heart and soul. Praise be to God that this interpreter is between us. Therefore be thou not said.” “Be silent in the crouds.” (?)
“True souls must stand together today and must share confidences bearing upon the Cause in a way to bring about the best public appearance of condition, which we must ourselves face and act upon.”


Extract from a Tablet of Abdul-Baha.

Every soul who sacrificies his life (i.e., serves faithfully) in the service of the Cause of God, all the existing beings will come under his command, and confirmation will pour down upon him from every direction, so that he quickens the souls, tranquilizes the spiritis, and bestows prosperity to the bodies.

To Rosa Hunter in a Tablet

Words of Baha’o’llah.
O thou who art waiting!
Tarry no longer for He has come. Behold His Temple– the Glory dwelling therein! It is the Ancient Glory with a new Manifestation.

O nightingale of paradise!
The Branch of Life is waving to and fro. It is time for thee to sing thy harmony and give unto the world the joy of love.

Words of Abdul Baha written by request, on the fly-leaf of two copies of the Ighan.
O thou who art athirst for the Water of Life!
This manifest book is the fountain-head of the Water of Life eternal. Drink so much as thou art able from the fountain of the living Water.

O thou who art seeking after the knowledge (of God)!
Immerse thy self in the ocean of the explanation of the Beauty of the Merciful, so that thou mayest gather (from its depths) the pearls (of the wisdom of God).

The remaining quotes are from the Kitáb-i-Aqdas....


His Holiness...Abdul Baha (Bahá’u’lláh?), has said to the children of the Spirit.

“I have manifested Myself before, and have sacrificed Myself for your salvation, to bring you intot he Kingdom of Our Fahter, with great glory. These are the days whereof I have promised you I will appear in the Kingdom of the FATHER, just as it was foretold by the Prophets and Messengers. Why do you turn from Me and take hold of some one else? Do you forget My COMMANDMENTS? By God, NO ONE WILL INRICH YOU BUT ME. NO ONE WILL MAGNIFY YOU BUT ME. NO ONE WILL MEDIATE FOR YOU BEFORE MY FAHTER, THE MERCIFUL BUT ME. Withhold from submitting yourselves to lusts and passions that you may see Me sitting in the chair of MIGHT and POTENCY. HE who denies Me first will deny Me in these days.
O people if you come to Me, you will not profit Me, and if you turn from Me you will not harm Me. Verily, God is the INDEPENDENT and SUFFICIENT for everything. BUT I HAVE SUFFERED HUMILIATION and SUBMISSIVENESS for your glory. Be merciful unto yourselves and unto the servants who are weak. Do not do what you have done before, and do not follow the path of the misdirected. To affiliate yourselves with the firm believers is a grace, and to be far from the backsliders is a comfort. MENTION YOUR LORD ALWAYS, and consort with FRAGRANCE and SPIRITUALITY.”
Selections from Letters of Mirza Ahmad, giving the Words of Abdul Baha in Paris, in March, 1913.

Come ye together Consecrate your spiritual forces, Arise with great fervor and enthusiasm, Show ye an united effort, Let a new attraction take possession of your hearts, Let a new spirit sweep over your temples, so that the Fire of the Love of GOD, which is enkindled in your holy of holies, may flame forth and set up a spiritual conflagration in the whole of Europe.
You must not rest day nor night until you have breathed into this body a new spirit, and ignited a light in this lamp.

To Ahmad: If thou couldst measure the heights and depths of the marvelous events which have transpired, and are transpiring, in this Cause, thou wouldst write down every word I utter with a pen of diamond upon a page of gold.

Extract from a Tablet written by Abdul Baha.
O servant of God! Know thou, verily, the Fragrances of the Garden of the Covenant have perfumed all regions: the Standard of the Testament is wavering upon the Castles of Glory, and there is no refuge for those who flee from this strongly fortified Foretress! Do the popel of surmise imagine that there is for them any other shelter than this Impregnable Refuge? Or, that there is any other retreat than this Blessed Region, from which the Lights have shone forth, the Mysteries have appeared, and the Sign are being diffused O servant of God! Arise to promote the Word of GOD; to promulgate the Covenant of GOD, and to chant the Verses of GOD with such power whereby the elements of discord may tremble in those regions!
Upon thee be greeting and praise!
Abdul Baha Abbas.


To the Maid-servant of God! Mrs. Josephine Cowles.
Upon her be Baha’o’llah!


O thou who art cheered in soul by the Fragrances of God!
Verily I read thy words of thanksgiving to God for He hath guided thee to the Light of Guidance, caused thee to hear the Call from the Supreme Concourse, shown unto thee His mighty Signs and made thee a herald in His Name among mankind.

Blessed art thou for thou hast received teachings from His Holiness, Professor Abdul Fazl, and hast visited His Honor Khan with all joy, happiness and fragrance.

Verily, God shall surely confirm thee with the Spirit of Life, thou art in the Ark of Deliverance, and He shall chant unto thee the verses of steadfastness, that thou mayest keep firm at the violence of tests and against the power of trials.

Verily, God hath already forgiven thy fortunate son who hath ascended to the Supreme Friend, and verily he addresses thee in the most wonderful explanation and says: “O my loving mother! O that my people would know that my Lord hath forgiven me, and made me of those who have attained.”

As to thee! Know thou verily, the winds of tests shall surely wax violent in those regions, and will pull out (certain) trees from their roots. But the firm ones, their Lord will assist them with the greatest powers, and will stand trials even as solid mountains with-stand whirl-winds, hurricanes and storms. Know thou verily, every firm one will be well rooted through the Grace of thy Lord, and the Lord of the Kingdom will assist him with the hosts of His Holy Realm of Might and with the Angels of His Kingdom, from all directions.

I beg of God that thou mayest be of them (firm ones) and withstand every whirl-wind, shock, violence and calamity.
(Signed) Abdul Baha Abbas.

Translated by A.K’ Khan.
Jan. 23, 1903.


(O, Thou God, from whom relief and help is sought most urgently or desperately). Quoted from ABDUL BAHA and translated by Mirza Ali Kuli Khan, January 30th, 1915.

Extracts from letters in Paris by Mirza Ahmad Sohrab to Miss Harriet Magee, New York City (May 1913).
Blessed is he who is charitable for he shall inherit Eternal Life.
Blessed is he who overlooks the faults of others for he shall enjoy Divine Beautitude.
Blessed is he who associates with all with joy and fragrance for he has obeyed the Commands of BAHA’O’LLAH.
Blessed is he who is kind to enemies for he has walked in the footsteps of Christ.
Blessed is he who proclaims the doctrine of Spiritual Brotherhood for he shall be the Child of Light.
Blessed is he whose heart is tender and compassionate for he will throw stones at no one.
Blessed is he who will speak evil of no one for he hath attained to the good pleasure of the Lord.
Blessed is he who will not uncover the sins of others for he will become favored at the Threshold of the Almighty.
Blessed is he who hath a forgiving nature for he will win the spiritual graces of God.
Blessed is he who diffuses only the sweet fragrances of the flowers of (?) friendship and mutual association for he will obtain a goodly portion of the bounties of the Merciful.
Blessed is he who teaches union and concord for he will shine like unto (?) a star in Heaven.
Blessed is he who practices loving kindness and co-operation for he will be encircled with celestial benediction.
Blessed is he who comforts the down trodden for he will be the friend of God.

Referring to Mr. Bryan’s message (May 23, 1913)
The spirit of the age demands the establishment of universal peace. No power on earth can withstand before it. God has designed that peace must reign in this age and it will come to pass. Let the advocates of peace work with greater zeal and courage for the Lord of Hosts is their supporter. In this radiant century and merciful age the ears are open, the hearts are awakened, the eyes seeing, the conscience stirred. The age of strangeness has passed. The century of friendship has arrived. The dark hours have disappeared, and the luminary of unity hath dawned. Now is the time to be illumined with the rays of the Sun of Solidarity of the human race. This is not the hour for taking life, this is the hour for impartinng life. This is the hour for self-sacrifice for the commonweal of humanity.


(Happiness-pp. 5.)

O thou Maidservant of God; Be not thou sad on account of past vicisitudes and troubles, neither be thou discouraged by hardships and difficulties. Be thou hopeful in the Bounty of the True One, and be thou happy and rejoiced in the love of God. This world is the arena of tests, trials and calamities. All the existing things are the targets for the arrows of mortalities; therefore one must not be sad or disheartened on account of troubles, or beocme hopeless over the intensity of misfortune and distress.
Praise be to God that thou hast found the guidance of God and hast entered the Kingdom of God, hast attained to peace and tranquility, and hast obtained a share from the everlasting Bounty and Mercy. Therefore, pass the remaining days of thy life in the utmost joy and fragrance, and with a joyful heart and tranquil mind live and act under the protection of His Highness, the Clement.
***** all
Strive with thy power to paint thy likeness on the ages of the hearts with such beauty as to brighten the minds. That beauty is the splendor of the Merciful and the Glad Tidings of Thy Lord, the Clement, whereby the faces shine with an eternal light in the court of ages and centuries. (Tablets-pp. 243.)



Prayer to be said during the Fast. Before using the Greatest Name 95 times.)

Cause us to drink from the River of the Kawther of Thine Eternity, O our GOD!
Cause us to taste the Fruits ot the Tree of Thine Idenitty, O our Hope!
Cause us to quaff the Clear Water of the Fountain of Thy Love, O our Baha!
Cause us to dwell in the Abode of Thine Everlasting Mercy, O our Light!
Cause us to walk in the Garden of the Nearness of Thy Presence, O our Beloved!
Cause us to sit on the Right-Hand of the Throne of Thy Bounty, O our Desire!
Send unto us the Fragrant Breezes of Thy Joy, O our Aim!
Cause us to attain to the Summit of the Paradise of Thy Reality, O our Adored One!
Cause us to hear the Melodies of the Dove of Unity, O Thou Whom we behold!
Quicken us through the Spirit of Power and Might, O our Sustainer!
In the Spirit of Thy Love make us steadfast, O our Assister!
In the Path of Thy Good-Pleasure make us firm, O our Restorer!
Cause us to be Sheltered in the Everlasting Ridván, before Thy Countenance, O our Merciful One!
Cause us to sit on the Throne of Thy Might, O our Master!
Cause us to ascend to the Heaven of Thy Providence, O our Awakener!
Direct us unto the Sun of Thy Guidance, O our Attractor!
Cause us to present ourselves before the Appearance of Thine Invisible Oneness, O our Origin and our Hope!
Cause us to return to the Pure River of Beauty in the One Whom Thou hast Manifested, O our GOD!
For verily, Thou art Powerful to Do whatsoever Thou Willest!
Thou art the Mighty, the Exalted!


(Prayer used during the Fast. From Children of the Kingdom, Vol. IV, No. 2, P. 3 (?))

O GOD! As we are fasting from the appetites of the body and not occupied with eating and drinking even so Purify our hearts and lives from aught else save Thy Love, and Protect and Preserve our souls from self-passions and animal (?) traits.
Thus may the Spirit Associate with the Fragrances of Holiness and fast from everything save Thy Mention.




poem not from Central Figures

Explanation of the Greatest Name. by Abdul Baha Taken from various Tablets and Talks.

“The interpretation of the ring is not the meaning of the letters of its form; the real meaning is a symbol from the Real Light.
The word BAHA or the ofrm of this ring gives both ways alike the reality or significance of BAHA, which means Light. The Light of Truth. With this symbol this form of the ring, one can remember the meaning of that Light which means BAHA. When he looks upon the ring he may remember BAHA. This is the cause of remembrance, the form of this engraving on the stone. It can be read from four points the same., BAHA. One is the station of identity second qualities or attributes; third, the name; fourth, deeds, because every thing contains identity, attribute, name and deeds, which is its fragrance. For instance, the sun has identity, qualities, name and function.
These four, BAHA, are symbols of four things.”





“The Orb of the Covenant”


“O thou whom my heart addresses!

Know thou verilyl, The Covenant is an Orb which shines and gleams forth unto the universe.
Verily Its Light will dispel darkness, Its Sea will cast out the thick froth of suspicions upon the shore of perdition.
Verily naught in the world can ever resist the Power of the Kingdom. Should all mankind assemble, could they prevent the sun from its light, the winds from their blowing the clouds from their showers, the mountains from their firmness, or the stars from their beaming? No! By the Lord, the Clement! Everything (in the world) is subject to corruption; but the Covenant of thy Lord shall continue to pervade all regions.
Address thou the waverers and say:
‘Have ye forgotten that which transpired in the time of Christ?
Are ye not informed of the events which took place in His Blessed Day?
Did not the Pharisees rise against Him?
Did they not give verdict to the shedding of His Blood, to the murder of His friends and to oppressing of His chosen ones?
Have ye heard concerning the heretics, the violators of His Covenant, (who appeared) after Him?
Are ye not informed of those kings, princes, learned and prominent men who persecuted Him?
Did ye not see what had been the end of the persecutors?’

And do thou advise them and illumine their inmost part, and say: unto them–
‘By GOD, the True One! Verily, ABDUL BAHA is assisted by the Beauty of EL ABHA who helps Him with a Power whereunto all the heads are made humble.



You shall surely find the banner of hypocrisy reversed, the foundations of discord demolished and the Standards of Peace and Harmony waving throughout all regions!’

O my friend! Verily, Baha hath commanded me to be forbearing and patient, to conceal (their doings), to forgive and pardon. Otherwise, I would have rent their covering, disclosed their sins, divulged their deeds, depicted their character and unveiled their manners. Verily thou art already inofrmed of some of their deeds and it is sufficient for you.
Consequently, turn thy face unto the Covenant, thy heart beating with the love of God, thy soul attracted to the fragrances of God, thy tongue speaking of the appearance of the Kingdom of God, thy insight rending the veils asunder and disclosing the realities of things, and with a power which may move the heart of all the world.
This is a confirmation from the Lord of the Effulgence while all else save this shall never profit thee! This is that by reason of which thy face shall gleam, thy heart shall be dilated with joy, thy soul become pure, thy back strengthened, thy spirit rejoiced and thine identity quickened.
Leave the people of suspicion behind thy back and adher to the manifest signs!
By God, the True One! Verily the people are drunkedn and asleep, confused and heedless, and this will drag them to the lowest of the low.
This is no other than manifest loss.
Upon thee be greeting and praise!”



The documents between BC#52B and BC#77B, I have not entered in (though they could be entered in).
Each one must sacrifice his life and possession to the other, and each person be loving to all the inhabitants of the world, to rend asunder the curtain of foreignness and consort with all the people with union and accord. They must be faithful to the traitors and benevolent to the tyrant. They must recognize the enemies as friends, the unknown as known.
These are the advices and exhortations of GOD! O ye friends! O ye maid-servants of the Merciful!
In order to thank for this Most Great Guidance, consort with all the people with the utmost joy and happiness;–so that ye may become the recopients [sic] of the Glances of Providence.
Become not sad on account of any calamity, neither be ye broken-hearted by any trials. Be ye firm and steadfast in order that the Beloved of hope become the Cup-bearer of the assembly and the greatest desire become realized.
Blessing be upon ye by the Bounty of your Lord, the Merciful.
Upon ye be Baha-El-Abha.
(Signed) Abdul-Baha Abbas.
Translated by M. Ahmed Espahani, Oct. 9, 1907, 10:p.m., Washington, D.C.
Published by C.E. Sprague, 3502 Lake Ave., Chicago, Ill.


BC#78A-E - Tablets of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá Abbas, vol. 2
(identical with the exception of a few notes and names omitted from the published version)

Through Mirza Ahmed, to the Members of the Spiritual Assembly of Chicago and
the Spiritual Assembly of New York.
Upon them be Baha’u’llah-el-Abha!
O ye two merciful Assemblies!
Praise be to GOD, that, through the outpouring of Guidance India is rapidly becoming a rose-garden of ABHA, for many sould [sic] have lately embraced the Truth and are in the utmost attraction and enkindlement.
Forward ye, as soon as ye can, a few copies of every Tablet and Epistle, which is translated into the English, and the books which are written by believers, in this language, to the merciful Assembly of Bombay and to his honor Aga Seyad Mostafa in Rangoon.
O ye spiritual friends of Abdul-Baha! At this moment when danger is threatening to surround all directions, Abdul-Baha is attracted to the Fragrances of the Kingdom of ABHA, and, with infinite joy and happiness, is begging providence and favor from the Threshold of Oneness in your behalf. Now is the time of firmness and resolution and and [sic] the moment of steadfastness and constancy, and the period of showing forth divine power by the strength of proof, the solidity of argument, the eloquence of utterance and the grandeur of spirit.
Upon ye be Baha-el-ABHA!
(Signed) Abdul-Baha Abbas.
Trans. by Mirza Ahmed Espahani, March 24, 4:P.M., 1908. Washington, D.C.
Pub. by C. E. Sprague, 3502 Lake Ave., Chicago, Ill.


Revealed by Abdul-Baha Abbas.

O friends of GOD! O spiritual companions!

The Lord of the peoples of the world declares in the beneficent Koran: “And there is for you in the Prophet of GOD a good example; “That is to say, to follow His Holiness is a good example and to imitate that Real Leader is the means of acquiring success in both of the worlds. The followers of the Prophet (Mohammed) were commanded to follow Him in all affairs and manners, and when some individuals, having recognized this safe path as the Straight Road traveled therein they became Kings in the Land of the Righteous and the Kingdom of the Elect. And those in the Land of the Righteous and the Kingdom of the Elect. And those souls who tried to acquire comfort with ease, deprived themsevles of all bounties and perished in the lowest ditch of despair. Their days came to an end and their happiness terminated. Their bright morn became dark, and their transparent cup became full of dregs and rust. Their uprising star descended and their bright luminary set.

But those pure souls who followed (in the footsteps of the Prophet shone in the Highest Horizon as the Stars of Guidance and arose from the Dawning-place of hopes with matchless brilliancy. They sat on the Throne of the Kingdom of Eternity and rested on the couch of Divine Success. Their traces are clear and their lights brilliant; their star is luminouus and their attendants are the armies of angels of the Heavens of Immortality. Their palace is firm and their edifice is strong. Their light is illumining the world and their heat is consuming the world.

Now judge for yourselves: Those souls who followed in the wake of that Manifest Light acquired such bounties and stations! If we now follow in the footsteps of the Most Glorious Beauty (Baha’o’llah) and the most Exalted Majesty (the Bab) - may My Life be a sacrifice for those who suffered martyrdom in Their Path - what would be the result?

His Exalted Majesty (the Bab) from the beginning of the arising of His Beauty to the day of the Greatest Martyrdom spent days and nights under severest trials, in the Path of GOD; He made His breast a target for thousands of arrows of calamities, and with a breast pierced and torn hastened to the Most Glorious Kingdom.

The Eternal Beauty - the Greatest NAME - tasted of the poison of every calamity, drank of the cup brim full of all kinds of trials; made His breast a target for every arrow; made His neck indebted to every sword. He was incarcerated in a prison, and was bound in merciless chains. He was exposed to the derision of the crowds of enemies and became a butt for the stones of miscreants. He was subjected to chains and collars and was tightly bound with ropes and fetters. He was exiled from His native land and was carried to the land of Bulgers and Serbs. In the Most Great Prison He suffered inexorable calamities and His blessed days ended in this cruel prison, and dark dungeon while a prisoner of oppression and injustice, and He ascended to His Kingdom.

Now, O faithful friends and companions of that Bright Countenance! Is it becoming that we should sit idle, even for one moment, practice delay, and seek ease and comfort, so that we be exposed to temptation and


indolence, be occupied with our own thoughts and lose our hearts to strangers and kindred? Nay, by GOD, we ought not to rest for one moment, day nor night; we ought not to pollute our pure hearts with the attchment to this world:– we must prepare Divine Assemblies, establish Feasts of Love, sing the melody of the Most Glorious Kingdom accompanied with stringed instruments and with drums and flutes; hasten, dancing and laughing with joy, to the altar of martyrdom, and offer body and soul, head and trunk, as a sacrifice!

O friends, be loyal!

O beloved ones, be firm and steadfast!

O imploring ones, trust in GOD and rely upon HIm!

O humble ones, be attached to GOD and cling to Him!

Let us encourage each other and set all in motion.
Let us strive to diffuse the Fragrance of GOD and engage ourselves in exalting the Word of GOD!
Let us ever be alert through the influence of the gentle breeze wafted from the Garden of Favor, and enjoy the Sweet Fragrance of the Garden of Unity.
Let us put enthusiasm and commotion into the hearts of the righteous, and excitement and joy into the hearts of the free!
Praise be to GOD that the hosts of the Most Glorious Kingdom are coming together in large numbers and the stars of the Highest Horizon, are in uprising and ascension! The Banner of Guidance is in motion, the Cloud of Bounty is descending in a shower, and the Luminary of the Horizon of Significances is shining! The Feast and the enjoyment of the Kingdom are in complete Harmony, and the Dawn of Favor is breaking with the Light of Guidance! It is the Melody of the Kingdom of ABHA which is descending from the Supreme Concourse, saying:

O dead one, who art without heart and soul! Become alive! Become alive!
O sleeping one, in the water and clay! Be awake! Be awake!
O intoxicated one, who art witless and gone astray! Become sensible! Become sensible!
The horizons are full of fragrance! The eyes are full of light and the East is pouring down fire! Get rid of body and soul!
The time of sacrifice has come, the Merciful Breath abounds and the Divine Secrets are disclosed! Be a leader of lovers! Be a leader!
The sweet song of the melodious singing bird from the Branch of the Cypress Tree in the Garden is expounding the problems of spirituality! Be acquainted with the mysteries! Be acquainted with the mysteries!

Tranlsated 1909 by Mirza Enayet ‘o’llah.


BC#492-500, 508-599 are non-existent? (according to Barstow)

237 moved to after 620
6, 208, 410, 462, 474, 475-478 moved to after 624 (end of collection)



Each child may memorize as much as he can from this supplication.



O my Lord! O my Lord! I am a child of tender years; nourish me from the breast of Thy Mercy, train me in the Bosom of Thy Love; educate me in the school of Thy Guidance and develop me under the shadow of Thy Bounty; deliver me from darkness, make me a brilliant light; free me from unhappiness, make me a flower of the Rose Garden; suffer me to become the servant of Thy Threshold and confer upon me the disposition and nature of the righteous ones; make me a cause of bounty to the human world and crown my head with the diadem of Eternal Life.
Verily, Thou art the Powerful, the Mighty, the Seer, the Hearer!
(Signed) Abdul-Baha Abbas.
Translated by M. A. Esphahani, Sept. 6, 1906, Washington, D. C.
Published by C. E. Sprague, 3502 Lake Ave., Chicago, Ill.

BC # 71


At the foot of Mt. Carmel, in the sacred neighborhood of the ìHoly Garden: (the tomb of the Bab).
Haifa, Syria, Aug. 14, 1907, A.D.
Shaban 5th, 1325, A.H.


Honorable Anayatíullah-Upon thee be the Peace of GOD:
Sometime ago a letter was received from you wherein you have recorded two questions asked by his honor, the beloved of GOD, Mr. Woodcock. Upon him be Bahaíuíllah El-Abha!
The first question concerns the genealogy of the Pure Mother of His Holiness, Abdul-Baha. (May the spirit of the world be a sacrifice unto Him). And the second touched upon the unity which was to bring together the two branches of the family of his holiness Abraham. The first questions was submitted by me to His Holy Presence. The Tablet in reply is cited below:

He is God!
Honorable Mirza Assidíuíllah, upon thee be BahaíuLLah El-Abha:
You have asked concerning the relations and genealogy of the mother of Abdul-Baha. The father and grandfathers of mother went to Persia from the regions of Taif, and the inhabitants of those regions are all, with very few exceptions, descendants of the posterity of Ishmael.
Upon thee be Baha El Abha.
Sig. Abdul-Baha Abbas.î
BC # 72 A.

As to the second topic, namely; that according to the history of the pyramid and the prophesy the two nations which compose the Christians and Islam, descendants of his holiness Abraham, will in this blessed Day united, and establish the Universal Peace, etc. (the end of the question).
Such expressions and prophecies concerning the future time, the latter Day, when these two great and glorious nations (i.e. the Christian and the Mohammedan) shall be united are numerous and will be found in all the Prophetic Books. These prophecies are eloquent glad-tidings of a great reality. They indicate, however, that in the latter Day a great religion and law shall appear; the mighty Ocean shall be revealed with great waves and these two religions like unto two great straights shall join that Ocean, uniting to such an extent as to leave no trace of the former strait. Then only one ocean shall be seen surging gloriously.
This great Ocean, according to the explicit texts and accurate records of the Holy Books, the Old and the New Testament and the Koran is the law and religion of Bahaíuíllah, glorious is His Mention and Sublime His Station. In the Old Testament, the gathering together of the scattered sheep of Isreal from the four corners of the earth to Jerusalem is one of the prophetic statements. This expression refers to the unity and concord of the great nations under the one tabernacle. These events are the character-

BC # 72 B


istics of the final Day, the time of Judgement. They must take place. Verily, in the heavenly Books, there is no subject which has received greater emphasis than this; no greater prophecy is given.
The purpose of the latter Day, Time of the End, according to the terminology of the prophets is, the Day of the Manifestation, of the Great Divinity, the Day of the government of the Lord of Hosts, a government in truth and reality. That Day is the very day wherein the Blessed Beauty, Bahaíuíllah revealed Himself and proclaimed the mighty Word: Verily I am GOD, which reached the ears of the world.
There is no doubt that subsequent to this great Spirit-real (???) unity between these two different, opposing nations when the spirit of the New Kingdom of GOD shall be revealed, the material unity such as inter-marriage, etc., will naturally follow. The unity between the individuals of mankind is of two kinds. First; a spiritual unity and faith and second a natural and physical unity. The spiritual unity comes first through the religion, and the material unity concerns the physical and follows the first.
To elucidate the topic, let us state that the Christian nation is of the opinion that all the inhabitants of the earth eventually will embrace Christianity and that that religion will be the only true one which shall survive and the Gospel shall alone be the Holy Book. The Islamic nations hold to the view that the worldís salvation is

BC # 72C



dependent upon the propagation of Mohammedism, and that all nations shall at least embrace that religion and believe in the Koran as the one Book. Thus these two great nations point out the way to universal peace. The theologians interpret all the Biblical prophecies to confirm their view and ideas, and the learned in the Koran and traditions do the same with their side.
The true and valid explanation is that which has been mentioned, namely; that a New and Great Revelation was to appear. A Holy Book, the Kitab El-Akdas, and a new Jerusalem were to become actualized in order to bring these two nations under the new Tabernacle in Unity and Peace.
Still more lucid and clear shall we aim to make the point. Know thou that all the Manifestations of God whose names appear upon the pages pf the Holy Scriptures, and whose deeds are recorded in books of history from the time of Adam to our present age, reveal themselves in the name of Prophethood. Their Books and their Words were heavenly and referred to GOD, i.e., they declared them to be revealed on the part of GOD. Their laws and ordinances which were established among the creatures were His laws. All of them without exception declared that in the great, final Day all their laws would be united and all the paths would be joined. All differences would be removed and Peace Supreme would rule.

BC # 72D



After the declaration of the Oneness of GOD and the exhortation of their followers they considered the giving forth of this prophecy and this glad-tidings of the greatest importance. This, however, was expressed in different and various terms. Once it was said: ìI will go now, but will come again to tell you that for which you are not ready now.î Again it is recorded: ìThe Great Spirit shall appear,î ìThe Comforter shall come.î Yet again: ìThe Heavenly Father shall bless His children by His Presence.î
In the Tablets and heavenly writings of Zoroaster we find the following: ìThe time of rest, repose, happiness and peace, the day of longevity shall come at last, it shall be the day of Bahram.î The philogist gives the definition of Bahram as Bahi (Baha) and Niku (literally bright and good). It is said that at that time the world shall be filled with light and goodness.
In the glorious Book, the Koran, the Day of GOD is indicated by the terms: ìThe Meeting with GOD.î ìThe Divine Manifestation; the Appearance of the Lord.î In the traditions of the Imams reference is made to the Manifestation of Hossein, after the appearance of Ghaim.
In all the Holy Books, prophecies focalize around the Time of the End, the latter Day. None of them, however, give it clearly, all using symbols and parables. For

BC # 72E


instance his holiness Isaih says ìIn the time of the end the Lord of Hosts shall declare ëVerily I am the Lord and there is none beside H,í etc.î In the Gospels it is stated: ìThe Heavenly Father will appear and will say: Verily I say, and not, ëThus saith the Lord.î In the Koran it is stated: ìWhen the Lordd appears the Unitarian believers will attain the Meeting of GOD.î
In the Beyan, the first point, the Bab, says: ìIn the Day of Him whom GOD shall manifest, ìi.e. the Day of the Blessed Beauty, Bahaíuíllah, ìIn all states He will utter: Verily, I am the Lord.î These expressions and similar statements are inspired words and revealed texts. They are understood fully only by the Prophets, who are the mines of Divine Inspiration. The earnest souls and assiduous students in the School of the Prophets may comprehend such mysteries.
In this connection therefore let us first clearly understand the meaning of ìThe latter Dayî and then state the purport. Let it be known that ìthe latter Dayî is the Day wherein the Manifestation of the Divine occurs. Namely, the day when GOD reveals Himself in a human temple and proclaims ìVerily, I am GOD, there is no GOD but Me.î The day of prophethood ends in the ìday of Lordship.î The ìDay of Lordshipî ends in the ìDay of Divinity,î the ìlatter Day,î

BC # 72F



the ìTime of the End,î ìThe Highest Firmament,î ìThe Greatest Name,î ìThe Sadrat El Montaha,î ìThe Great Judgement.î
The difference between these three Days is that the ìDay of Prophethoodî is that day wherein the Manifestation of GOD, appointed by Him will guide the souls unto Him. Their guidance or calling is thus expressed: ìWe are humble servants come from GOD bringing the people ordinances of salvation.î This is the language which has been used from Adam to Mohammed.
ìThe Day of Lordshipî is the Day when the Manifestation of GOD trains the realities of human beings with Divine Utterances, preparing them for the ìDayî of ìDivinity,î ìThe Day of the Lord of Hosts,î This was the Day of the First Point, the Bab, the precursor of the Blessed Beauty, Bahaíuíllah, who in His lifetime awakened and prepared the souls for the ìDay of the Blessed Perfection.î
ìThe Day of Divinityî is the Day of the Manifestation of the Reality of Realities, the Revelation of GOD entire. It is the Day of the Blessed Perfection, Bahaíuíllah, Holy is His Name and Magnified is His Grandeur. This is the ìDay of the End,î ìDay of Judgement,î it has many names. It is mentioned in all of the heavenly Books. In this Day He will declare ìVerily, I am GOD,î even as was recorded in the Sacred Texts. All who appeared before Him were the Lord of Hosts and He is the ìLord of Lords,î ìKing of Kings.î
BC # 72G


He will bring together the scattered hosts and will unite the scattered enemies (?) in a New Jerusalem under the Tent of Peace. There shall remain no trace of discord and no divergence of sects. Jews, Christians, Echammedans, Buddhists, Zoroastrians and Brahmans and all the sects will become united under the Tent of Abha and gathered by the name of Bahaíuíllah in the religion of Oneness.
They will find under that canopy of Peace, no prejudice or race, sect or religion; they will all look to GOD and live in peace in the House of the Father. They will attain the long and earnestly looked for blessings of heaven and will give thanks night and day.
Therefore these statements make it evident that the purpose of the unity of the Christians and Islam, the two descendants of Abraham and their communication and intermarriage is realized through the comprehensive Bahai religion and law. This unity, concord and intercourse is not to be confined to those two noble and great nations, nay rather, all mankind, whether descendants of Abraham or Ilcah or Adam will equally enjoy the heavenly table of the Father, Bahaíuíllahóglory be to Him.
All laws shall end in the Bahai law. All Scriptures shall merge in the Kitatbi-Akdas. The East, West, North and South shall united in Bahai love. They shall become as



one united whole, one great nation, and the face of the earth shall become the Paradise of Abha. Even so was it witnessed in the blessed Day of Bahaíuíllah, when members of all nations gathered around His bounteous table, the Sun of His Generosity shedding Its light upon all equally, all basking in Its rays and heat. The clouds of His Mercy showered upon the tender plants of the human souls, all growing in His life-giving atmosphere.
By means of these heavenly Words, He admonished the people of the world and liberated them from religious animosity and sectarian hatefulness. ìConsort with all religions with spirit and fragrance.î ìBeware lest the bigotry of ignorance possess ye, among the people.î
ìAll have originated from GOD and to Him they return.î ìVerily He is the Originator of the creatures and the destination of the people.î Again He says: ìThe most glorious tree of Knowledge is this Sublime Word. Ye are the fruits of one tree, and leaves of one branch.î ìGlory is not for him who loves his native land, but for him who loves mankind.î Again He says: ìThe religion of GOD and the seat of GOD have descended from the heaven of the Will of the Lord of Eternity only for the purpose of the unity and concord of the people of the world. Make it not a cause of discord and inharmony.î ìThe great means and mighty cause of the appearance and

BC # 72I



revealment of the Sun of Unity is the religion of GOD and the law of the Lord; the growth of the world and the education of the nations; the security and peace of the country depend upon its ordinances and commandments.î ìIt is the greatest means for the greatest attainment, it confers the Chalice of Life, and endows one with Eternal Life and Everlasting Blessing.î ìThe chief ones of the earth, especially the manifestations of Divine Justice must exert their utmost endeavor in the preservation, protection and elevation of this Station. Likewise they must investigate the conditions of the subjects and exert themselves for their welfare. The manifestations of power, usually the kings and heads are requested to endeavor in order to remove discord from among the peoples and let the light of unity shine. They must do that which the Supreme Pen has recorded. Verily, GOD is the witness and the atoms of existence declare that that which is a means of promoting, elevating and education; protecting and training the people of the earth has been mentioned. We ask GOD to confirm the servants.
ìWhat this oppressed One asks of every one is justice and equity. They must not be satisfied with the listening. guste? Reflect upon that which has been manifested from this oppressed One. I declare by the Sun of Exposition which has dawned from the horizon of the heaven of the Kingdom of the

BC # 72J



Merciful that were there an expounder and utterer visible, I should not have offered Myself as a target to the libelous (?) servants.î
Such lofty statements are numerous in the heavenly Tablets, and the souls who came from the various nations and were blessed with His holy Presence, heard from His lips these lofty utterances. Likewise after His Ascension, in the many meetings osf the Centre of the Covenant, His Holiness, Abdul-Baha-may our lives be a sacrifice for Himó(?) representatives of the various nations are seen seeking answers to their questions which they receive with great satisfaction, each according to his capacity. All becoming brothers and sisters and composing the great Bahai nation. This is the exposition of the unity which the nations were to enjoy.
You have yourself been blessed with that meeting. You have seen with your eyes, heard with your ears therein. May we meet you again in that Radiant Spot and inhale together the fragrances of GOD and harken (?) together to the lofty anthems and witness with sight and insight the beauty of GOD and His Signs of Glory and Majesty.
May this blessing be yours and also be granted to those who earnestly seek, even as you yourself. Verily He is the Listener and the Answerer to our prayers. Amen.

BC #72K


Praise, greeting and peace be upon the beloved of GOD who are firm and steadfast.
From the servant of Abdul-Baha, the Servant of the Covenant.

Mirza Assad Uíllah.
Translated by Dr. Ameen Ullah Fareed, Chicago, Sunday Nov. 24, 1907, 12:15 M.
Published by C.E. Sprague, 3502 Lake Ave., Chicago, Ill.

BC # 72L

IN THE NAME OF BAHAíOíLLAH, the Lordly Effulgence of the Infinite Splendor, the Assembly of Bahais of New York City issue the following utterances of The Greatest Branch of God, the Center of the Covenant of God, Abdul Baha:


Tablet revealed some years since:


O ye beloved of God ! Highway robbers are many and hypocrites are innumerable. The wolves clothe themselves with the shepherdís garments and thieves show themselves in the form of watchmen. Hereafter, if any Persian or Oriental come to those parts, even though he be from the very City of Akka. If ye find he does not possess a letter written by the hand and sealed by the seal of Abdul Baha, you must decidedly avoid him. In future, of course, certain people will come to you claiming faith. )Sig.) Abdul Baha Abbas.


Cable from London to Wilhelmite, New York:
Receive no Persian, even my family, without autographic permission. Communicate to all friends. (Sig.) Abdul Baha.
Received Dec. 30, 1912.


Froma Tablet to Charles Mason Remey, Washington, D.C., translated by M.A. Sohrab, London, England, Dec. 29, 1912:
Awaken the friends, for ere long a test shall come. Perchance some persons, outwardly firm and inwardly wavering, shall come to those parties in order to weaken the faith of the Friends in the Covenant of God. Let them be awake ! let them be mindful ! As long as they see a trace of violation of the Covenant, they must hold aloof from the violator. Day and night let them strive so that the Lights of the Kingdom of Abha may encircle the globe, and the darkness of error may be entirely dispelled. (Sig.) Abdul Baha Abbas.


Cablegram received February 3, 1913, from Paris to Wilhelmite, New York:
We have reached Paris. Grettings to all. Any Persian, be he my own son or daughter, if he comes to America without having a new permission written in my own handwriting or signature, do not meet him at all. Inform all cities. (Signed) Abbas.

BC # 73A

Cablegram from Paris, Feb. 14th, 1913: To Parsons-Remey, Washington.
I am Servant of Baha! His Holiness Bahaíoíllah is unique and peerless. All must turn to Bahaíoíllah. This is the religion of Abdul Baha. Firmness in the Covenant means love and obedience to the Command of Abdul Baha. Announce this. (Signed) Abbas.

Portion of a Tablet to Mr. Roy O. Wilhelm:
Convey my longing greeting to all the believers of God throughout all the cities of America and announce to them on my behalf that if any person from amongst the Persian believers who may be well known as to his character, whether man or woman-although he may be my own son or daughter - comes to America and has not a NEW permission for his going to America written with my own handwriting and signed with my own signature, you must not give him any attention at all. Whosoever speaks with him is a violator of the Covenant ! This question is most important. Undoubtedly you must show the utmost caution. There are some wolves in sheepís clothes who may claim to be shepherds. Whosoever from amongst the Persian believers arrives in America although he may be related to me, - that is, - even if he be my son-in-law or she be my daughter, first ask him the letter giving him a NEW permission to come again to America. If she shows you any such letter, be most careful and attentive that it is my writing and my signature, that they may not be counterfeits. Then you cable to me and inquire about him. When the answer is received by you that it is correct, then you meet him, otherwise do not associate with him. Announce the contents of this letter to all the believers and the maid servants of the Merciful throughout America. (Signed) Abdul Baha Abbas.
Translated by M. Ahmad Sohrab, March 25, 1913, Paris, France.
The Original of this Tablet is in the Masterís Own Handwriting.


Excerpt from Tablet to Mrs. Harriet Cline. Los Angeles, Calif.
Translated by Mirza Ahmad Sohrab, Paris, March 29, 1913:
To-day firmness in the Covenant is the means of the promotion of the Word of God and conducive to the effect of the word of man. Any explanation which does not accord with the Covenant will have no effect whatever. Therefore, whosoever heralds the Covenant of God, unquestionably he is confirmed. This has been tried a thousand times. Any soul who violates the Covenant and Testament in the least degree, immediately he is cut off: even in this material world he will become afflicted with remorse and regret. (Signed)
Abdul Baha Abbas.

BC # 73B

3 æ

From a Tablet to an American believer, translated by Ahmad Sohrab, Paris, March 4, 1913:
Whosoever claims that Abdul Baha has given to him a Tablet or sent a cablegram, he must prove it (by showing it). Do not accept the ??? saying of anyone on mere statement. He must bring forth the ?? unmistakable and valid evidence, signed by my own written signature and not the signature on a cablegram which cannot be substantiated. (Signed) Abdul Baha Abbas.

Message from Abdul Baha in His own handwriting, to the American Bahais. Translator, M.A. Sohrab, Sept. 18, 1913, Ranleh, Egypt:
Any Persian, whether Bahai, or belonging to the ancient religions of Persia ñ IN SHORT, ANY PERSIAN ñ without carrying in his hand a letter either in my handwriting, or signed with my signature, the believers must not associate with him or speak to him, even if he is Shougi Effendi or Rouhi Effendi (the two grandsons of Abdul Baha). The friends must demand of him before anything else, his credential letter, written with my handwriting, or signed with my signature. (Signed) Abdul Baha Abbas.


Portion of a Tablet to Mr. C. M. Remey, translated in Ramleh, Egypt, ??? September 23, 1913:
I have repeatedly written that any Persian, or although he be My relative or Afnan, if he has no credential in his hand, the believers must not at all approach him, or associate with him, because all the enemies of the Cause in Persia ñ Yahyais, Nakazeen, and Sufists ñ are turning their attention to America and will come in order to weaken the Cause of God. You must protect the Cause of God, and write to every one, and awaken all, that they must not meet any Persian who has not in his hand a credential in my handwriting and signature. (Signed) Abdul Baha Abbas



In response to a letter detailing the circumstances attending the arrival in San Francisco of two Persians from India ( via Honolulu), without credentials, of their appearance at a Bahai meeting, of their being advised to leave and return to their hotel, and of their being entertained subsequently in the home of a believer, the following Tablet was revealed by Abdul Baha :-
O thou who are attracted to the Kingdom of ABHA !
Thy letter was received. Its details concerning those two persons (Persians) became known. You have acted most reasonably.
Every Persian, or non-Persian, who comes from the East and has not in his hand a letter from me, although he may be one of my rel-


atives, the believers must not receive him, neither should they let him enter into their meetings. For some wolves are coming from Persia to those parts in order to tear the sheep of GOD, and to scatter the seeds of corruption and to become the means of division-especially the followers of Mirza Yahya. To receive these souls would be like permitting a thief to enter a home, or like letting a wolf into a flock (of sheelp). Unquestionably this is not permissible !
A man may receive his own enemy into his house and show him the utmost respect and consideration, but it is not allowable to receive a thief into his house, nor a traitor into his home, nor a wolf into the flock. This would be injustice. Although the heart of the wolf is displeased at this, yet the sheep of GOD must be protected.
For example, once in Persia, a person who was secretly a Nakoz, called on one of the believers. The utmost consideration was shown him and he was entertained with the greatest hospitality. From every standpoint he was treated most kindly. Finally, this guest stole all the jewels belonging to the wife of the host, broke open the safe and took all the money and the Tablets and writings. Then he took with him to the court these Tablets which proved his host to be a Bahai. He pleaded to the governor: ìI did not know this person before I became a guest in his ??? home, but now I have realized that he is a Bahai, consequently I have brought his papers to you.
The governor sent for the Bahai host and ordered him thrown into prison. The Bahai cried out: ìThis person has stolen my goods.î But the governor answered: ìBecause he has given information about thy being a Bahai, therefore thou are accusing him. Now to receive such a person as this thief into oneís home is an injustice to all the members of the family.
Show ye the utmost kindness towards enemies, that is, ignorant enemies, but not toward traitorous and treacherous enemies. I hope that through the Divine Bounty and Favor you may be guarded and protected.
Say to those two persons (Persians) :
ìBecause we have explicit instructions in regard to this matter we cannot disobey them. It would have beeter for you to have gone first to Akka, and, receiving permission and credentials, to have come to America from there. Then you would have experienced the utmost consideration. You must likewise obey this command. If you are sincere believers, act according to this clear injunction.
(Signed) Abdul Baha Abbas.
(Translated by M. Ahmad Sohrab, Ramleh, Egypt, September 30, 1913.)

BC # 73D


Tablet translated by M.A. Sohrab, Ramleh, Egypt, Sept. 30, 1913:
Thy letter was received. My desire is that thou mayest become the cause of the firmness and the steadfastness of the souls in the Divine Covenant in order that thy face may become illumined and thy breast inspired with the Bestowals of the Kingdom of ABHA.
Firmness in the Covenant contains an odor like unto the fragrance of the musk which perfumes the nostrils; while violation of the Covenant has a stench smell which nauseates the nostrils. Therefore, when one inhales with a Spiritual Power, unquestionably he will distinguish between the two smells.
The World of Violation is like unto a rootless tree: ere long it will entirely die. The World of the Covenant is like unto the Blessed Tree which is growing beside the River of the Water of Life: in the utmost delicacy and beauty ?? day by day it is developing and adding to its verdancy. Ere long no trace will be left from the World of Violation. No one will ever abandon His Holiness Bahaíoíllah and His INCONTROVERTIBLE TEXTS, and no one will ever follow the superstitions of the Nakazeen. For in His Irrefutable Utterance and Blessed Writing, He has most emphatically commanded all the Nakazeen to obey (the Center of the Covenant). All the Nakazeen whom you observe know this fact, but self-interest having crept in, they are following the Violation.
There are letters preserved with the handwriting of Kheirella in which he clearly writes: ìI testify that thou are Christ the Son of GODî; but I did not accept this from him and wrote back that I am Abdul Baha. Now on account of some interest, he is following the Nakazeen; but this interest will not remain, it will disappear. This century will pass, and in the next century there will remain not one Nakazeen.
Upon thee be Baha EL ABHA ! (Signed) Abdul Baha Abbas


Cablegram to W. H. Hoar from Alexandria, Egypt, October 11, 1913:
Hold aloof from Taki Zade, Baba Aga, Assadíoíllah, and whomsoever associates with them. Send cables to the Bahai Assemblies of America. (Signed) Abbas


Portion of a Tablet to Miss Juliet Thompson, New York City. Translated by M.A. Sohrab, Oct. 29, 1913, Ramleh, Egypt.
Convey this message to each and all the believers in New York:
Any person who comes to America from the East, whether Bahai or non-Bahai, although he may be one of my relatives, such as Mirza Jalal, Mirza Mohsen and Mirza Hadi (the three sons-in-law of Abdul Baha), who has not in his hand a letter of permission with my handwriting and signature, the believers of God must not at all approach him, but shun him and know that he is a wolf-he has come to scatter the



flock; a thief ñ he has come to rob the house ñ like unto Taki Zade. And whomsoever exhorts you to associate with them, no matter under what title, do not at all accept from him, even if he gives unto them the utmost praise. Write this to all the cities (Assemblies) of America, to each and all, so that they may announce it amongst the believers. Is it allowable to assist the wolf so that it may associate and consort with the lambs, or to encourage the serpent and scorpion in order that they may affiliate with the people? These souls are similar to them. They are negligent of GOD and have no faith whatsoever. But with these machinations they wish to cause your deviation from HIS HOLINESS BAHAíOíLLAH and submerge you in the sea of superstitions. However, you must exercise the utmost love toward your enemies, but not toward the wolves. Through this, spiritual results will be obtained and the world of morality will become illumined.
All the believers must show love toward Mr. Topakyan.
(Signed) Abdul Baha Abbas.


From a Tablet to the friends of GOD and the maidservants of the Merciful, United States of America; translated by M. A. Sohrab, Home of Abdul Baha, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Syria, April 19, 1914. (These words are in the handwriting of Abdul Baha.) :-
If a Persian comes from the East to those parts ñ supposing the impossible ñ although he may be my own son, or the only daughter of Abdul Baha ñ without having in his hand an epistle with my own hand and my own signature, to meet and hold conversation with his is forbidden. For whosoever goes to America without permission has no other aim save sedition and the violation of the Covenant. (Signed) Abdul Baha Abbas.


Cablegram received by R. C. Wilhelm from Abdul Baha Abbas, June 29, 1914:
Wilhelmite, New York: Dr. Fareed, his mother and relations are great violators of Covenant. Association with them totally forbidden. Inform believers. (Signed) Abbas.


Cablegram from Abdul Baha Abbas to Mirza Lotfullah Hakim, London, England, June 19, 1914:
As I have utmost love for believers, I awaken them. Dr. Fareed with his mother and relations are violators of Covenant and enemies of Cause. Avoid meeting them most scrupulously. Any association with them is totally forbidden. (Signed) Abbas.

BC # 73F


Cablegram sent from London to Abdul Baha by Charles Mason Remey and George Latimer, June 29, 1914:
Friends desire cablegram authenticated.

Several days later a cablegram came from Abdul Baha to Mrs. Thornburgh-Cropper, London, England, as follows:
Former cablegram correct. Protect Cause according contents. Inform Remey. (Signed) Abbas.


Portion of a Tablet to Mrs. Noble, Cleveland, Ohio, translated in 1903 by A. K. Khan:
Tests and trials only cause agitation to weak hearts, but to the pure souls a hundred thousand tests are like a mirage, imagination and shadow. The shadow cannot withstand the rays of the sun and pure fragrances of holiness will not be concealed through the doubts of the beetle. The headache of wavering will not affect those exhilarated with the wine of the Love of GOD ! In sooth, there will be found in those regions certain persons like the Pharisees in the time of Christ, who night and day will exert themselves with all heart and soul to cast forth doubts in order that they may deprive the souls of the Glad Tidings of the Holy Spirit. They will disseminate false rumors and utter many a calumny, and will publish and announce false stories. And some Pharisees among the missionaries of the Gospel will hasten thither from Persia and say: ìWe are aware of the secret of the matter.î All they may say is sheer slander. Now you know this, that in its time you may dispel and annihilate the darkness of these suspicions like unto a manifest light. (Signed) Abdul Baha Abbas.


From a Tablet revealed by Abdul Baha Abbas for a Chicago believer, translated by Dr. Zia Bagdadi, Sept. 2, 1913:
Remember thou that Judas Iscariot was the head of the disciples and their example. How then his feet stumbled and fell in the path, so that he shed the blood of Christ. Verily herein lies a lesson for those who are mindful.


BC # 73G

ìLeprosy may be interpreted as any veil that interveneth between man and the recognition of the Lord, his God. Whoso alloweth himself to be shut out from His is indeed a leper, who shall not be remembered in the Kingdom of God, the Mighty, the All-Praised.î

Nov. 8 ìHow is the situation and health of friends?î
Nov.12. ìHe who sits with lepers catches leprosy. He who is with Christ shuns Pharisees and abhors Judas Iscariots. Certainly shun violators.î
Nov. 12 ìI implore health from divine bounty.î
(St. X11234.)

TABLET TO A WOMAN IN CHICAGO (to be read to the Spiritual Assembly)
ìO thou dear maid-servant of God!
Thy letter was received and the contents became known. Thou hast asked some questions; that why the blessed and spiritual souls, who are firm and steadfast, shun the company of degenerate persons. This is because that just as the bodily diseases, like consumption and cancer, are contagious, likewise, the spiritual diseases are also infectious. If a consumptive should associate with a thousand safe and healthy persons, the safety and health of these thousand persons would not affect the consumptive and would not cure him of his consumption. But when the consumptive associates with those thousand souls, in a short time the disease of consumption will infect a number of healthy persons. This is a clear and self-evident question.
ìLikewise, if a thousand magnaminous persons associate with a degraded one, the perfection of those souls will not affect this debased person. On the contrary, this mean person will be the cause of their going astray. Therefore, His Holiness Bahaíuíllah says in the Tablet: ëSoon will a foul odor be spread; shun it, so commandeth the Omniscient


and the Wise. That foul odor is that of violation. You should avoid i ??????? His Holiness Christ says that the owner of the garden does not leave the dried tree, but certainly cuts it and throws it into the fire, because the dried wood is worthy and deserving of fire. Again, His Holiness Bahaíuíllah says: ìThen, O ye trees of the blessed garden of My bestowal, protect ye yourselves from the poison of the treacherous soulsÖ. so that the trees of existence, through the bounty of the Worshipped One, be not deprived of the blessed breaths and breezes of love.î
(St. X11 233-234.)
In handwriting: Read Old Testament
Numbers XII Verses 1-15 (Miriamís leprosy of violation against Moses)

Abduíl Baha:

ìÖ the brothers of His Holiness Christ came to Him and it was said, ëThese are your brothersí. He answered that His brothers were those who believed in God, and refused to associate with His own brothers. He did not exercise despotism in the case of Judas Iscariot and His own brothers, but they separated themselves. In short, the point is this: ëAbduíl Baha is extremely kind, but when the disease is leprosy, what am I to do? One must protect and safeguard the blessed souls from the fatal spiritual diseases, otherwise violation, like the plague, will become a contagion and all will perish.
St. X111 242

(Handwriting crossed off here)

Abduíl Baha:

ìThou hast written that in view of the questions of violation thou art perturbed. There is no occasion for perturbation, for the Blessed Beauty (Bahaíuíllah) has closed all doors of error and doubt and has entered into a Covenant and Testament. Will they (the teachings) be promulgated through senseless words by those who pretend to be philosophers, or through the doubts of the people of violation and lust?
St. X 233-234

Abduíl Baha:
ìThe Covenant of God is like a vast and fathomless ocean. A billow shall rise and surge therefrom and shall cast shore all accumulated foam.î
BC # 74B


ìToday, every wise, vigilant and foresighted person is awakened, and to him are unveiled the mysteries of the future, that nothing save the power of the Covenant is able to stir and move the hearts of humanity.î
Star of the West Vol X. P. 153.

Ö.. PrayerÖÖ

O God! Assit me with the hosts of the Supreme Concource and make me firm and steadfast in the Covenant and Testament. I am weak in the Covenat and Testament; confer upon me strength. I am poor; bestow upon me wealth from the treasures of the kingdom. I am ignorant; open before my face the doors of knowledge. I am dead; breathe into me the Breath of Life. I am dumb; grant me an eloquent tongue so that with a fluent expression , I may raise the call of Thy Kingdom, and quicken al of them in firmness to the Covenant. Thou art the Generous, the Giver, and the Mighty.î

BC# 74C


Through Mirza Ahmed and Mr. Remey,
To the maid-servant of GOD, Miss F. Meadowcroft.
O thou Beloved Maid-servant of GOD!
Thou has written regarding the death of thy mother. Praise be to GOD, she hath attained to the desire of her heart and hat ascended to the Kingdom of ABHA.
Happiness depends on the spiritual glad tidings and not upon material means. IT is found in the Kingdom of Abha and not in this mortal world.
O thou maid-servant of GOD! Become thou not extinguished by the winds of tests, but rather become ignited and be more happy, for then thou wilt become a tried believer.
Guide the maid-servant of GOD, Mrs. ?????, to the Power of the Holy Spirit and say: ìUnless the Holy Spirit becomes intermediary one cannot attain directly to the Bounties of GOD. Do not overlook the obvious truths. For it is a self-evident fact that a child cannot be instructed without a teacher and knowledge is a bounty from the Bounties of GOD. The soil is not covered with grass and green without the rain of the cloud, therefore the cloud is the intermediary between the Divine Bounties and the soil. A body does not develop and grow without the soul, therefore the soul is the medium of the spiritual life.î

BC # 75A


Convey respectful greeting to Mrs. ????? and say: ìI hope that through the Breath of the Holy Spirit the mysteries may become disclosed to thee, for without this channel it is impossible and unattainable. Turn thine attention to the days of His Highness, the Christ; some people imagine that without the Messianic Outpourings, it is possible to attain to Truth; but this very imagination became the cause of their deprivation.î
O thou maid-servant of GOD! The aim of the theosophists is to attain to Truth, but the Truth is unattainable except through the Favor of the Holy Spirit. The light has a center and if one desires to seek it otherwise but from the center, he can never attain to it. In this solar system the mainspring of light is the sun and every light is acquired from it; even the lamps of the night are ignited through the sun, for if there were no sun the trees would not grow nor the mines develop, so that the oil be extracted from those trees and mines and the lamps of the night be lit by it. Is it possible that one attain to the light in this globular sphere without the mediation of the sun? No, by the Life of GOD! To suppose it is pure imagination. But the Truth is this: the mainspring of the lights is the sun and the rays are shed from it upon all the regions.
Upon thee be Baha-ul-ABHA!
(Signed) E.E. Abdul-Baha Abbas.
Trans. By M.A. Esphahani, June 14, 1907, Washington, D.C.

BC # 75B

To Miss Meadowcroft, Chicago, Ill.
O thou who art advancing towards God:
In asmuch as the attracted maid-servant of GOD, Mrs. Cochran, hath guided thee unto this great cause, do thou listen to her and accept from her whatever name with which she may name thee; for, verily, her right is great upon thee, and she is kind unto thee for having guided thee unto the Light of Guidance.
Send My abundant greeting to the attracted maid-servant of GOD, Mrs. Cochran. Verily I beg of GOD to strengthen her with the Fragrances of Holiness at all times.
Upon thee be greeting and praise.
(signed) Abdul-Baha Abbas.

BC # 76

Through Charles Mason Remey, to the Denver Assembly, U.S.A.
To the believers of GOD and the maid-servants of the Merciful (upon them be Baha-Ollah El Abha)!
Denver, Colorado.
O ye servants of the True One and the maid-servants of the Merciful!
Do not think that ye are forgotten for one moment! Abdul-Baha is at all times remembering you with Infinite Love and Kindness and supplicates at the Threshold of Oneness, Assistance and Favor;-so that the Invisible Confirmation may pour down, the Divine Bounties unveil their countenances, the friends in that region be ignited like unto the lamps, and the maid-servants of GOD shine like unto stars;-in order to illumine that country, make that clime the Paradise of Perpetual Abode, to suffer the people to drink from the Wine of Guidance, to intoxicate the yearning ones after the Kingdom of Abha, to open spiritual universities, to be instructed in the mysteries of the Love of GOD by the Heavenly Instructor, to associate with each other with the utmost humility and attain to spiritual affinity.

BC # 77A


Extract from a letter written to America, by Mirza Ahmad Sohrab, during
Abdul Baha's stay in Paris during March, 1913.

This morning the news of the American cyclone disaster again made the Master sad. I read to him the dispatches giving the detail of the tragic events and the appalling loss of life. His face was the embodiment of divine sympathy and spiritual consolation. Then he asked Mirza Mahmoud to chant the prayers of Bahá'u'lláh on behalf of these departed ones.

As he chanted these blessed communes, all of us prayed from our hearts and souls for America at this hour of her misfortune and suffering. When the prayer was finished, the Beloved, as though coming from the world of light said:-- "Although Outwardly these disasters are hard to understand and to bear, yet there lies a great wisdom behind them which will appear later. All the visible material events are inter-related with invisible spiritual forces. The infinite phenomena of creation are interdependent as the links of a chain.

When certain links become rusty, they are broken by unseen forces to be replaced by newer and better ones. There are certain colossal events which transpire in the world of humanity which are required by the nature of the times. For example the requirements of winter ae cold, snow, storm, hail and rain. But the birds and animals who live for 6 months enjoying a short span of life, not realizing the wisdom of the winter, chide and make lament and are discontent, saying "Why this awful frost, why this hail and storm? Why not the balmy weather? Why not the eternal spring time? Why this injustice on the part of the creator? Why this suffering? What have we done to be meted out with this catastrophe? However, these souls who have lived many years and have had much experience and have weathered many severe winters, realize that in order to enjoy the coming spring, they must pass through the cold of winter. The little bird of 3 months does not know there is a spring, but man knows that after the hard winter there is a spring time with its thousand viri-colored flowers and that after the velocity of the gale,

the soul refreshing breeze will waft. After the sterility and apparent death and fertility and life will manifest - After the hurricane and storm, quietness and calm will reign. After the silence of the birds, they will break forth into joyous songs of spring.

Now the wisdom of this American disaster is not known to many of those of this generation because they are too much absorbed in the immediate sufferings and hardships. When the cyclone has subsided and people shake off the temporary gloom, they will then realize that after the destruction there is construction, after this suffering there will be blessings, after this death, there will be life, after this loss, there will be profit, after this devastation, there will be upholding, after this havoc, prosperity, after this failure, success and after this war of elements, glorious peace and greater civilization."

In the afternoon, a French poet came to see the Master. To him the Master said:--

Man must spend his talent in a cause the result of which is eternal. If we spend our talent in the cause of God, its outcome is everlasting, but if we waste it over worldly affairs, it is like drawing pictures over the surface of the water. For example, if one write a book, it may perpetuate his name for one or two thousand years; it will be forgotten afterwards. But he who breathes one breath in the path of God in this day, it will bring forth eternal fruits. Therefore man must engage his talents through those channels that are services to the kingdom of God. Consecrate thy poetic imaginations to the cause of God. The end of all the undertakings that you observe except service to the Kingdom of Abha is ruin. Every building that you construct will be destroyed except the palace of the cause of God. The palace built by Christ is and ever will be indestructible, likewise the works of his apostles. I desire that those mayest likewise lay the foundation of such a palace as will stand the attack of the accidents of all time, I am sure God will confirm and assist thee.

The first day I met thee I observed in thy face, the signs of the love of God and I prayed in thy behalf. From God, I begged for thee assistance and confirmation so that in this city of Paris, thou mightest become a fruitful tree, the fruit of which may be enjoyed by all the people, that thou mayest become a fragrant flower, whose perfume may be inhaled by all the nostrils, that thou might obtain an illumined heart and a spirit rejoiced with the divine glad tidings and that thou mayest arise to serve the cause of God with the power of sanctity and holiness."

Mr. Cobb asked if there would ever be any clergy in the Bahai cause. Immediatel ythe Beloved said, "No, In this cause there will never be any paid ministers, no appointed clergy, no ceremonies. A Clergyman assuming that he is ordained to his ministry may think that he knows more about God while the humble man in his congregation may in reality know more. This theological position makes many a clergyman proud and haughty. There is but one distinction in this cause. Some people may become greater than the rest - no through affairs but through the purity of their hearts, their unselfish deeds, their heroic sacrifice and their knowledge of God. Such illumined souls, like unto kind fathers or teachers will guide and teach those less fortunate. They are the elder brothers of the community family. They do not arrogate unto themselves any title or position. You will know them by their humility, sincerity, deeds, severance, knowledge, spirituality and attraction. In this world millions of ministers have been ordained but the majority of them have been useless and atrophied and left behind neither fruit nor trace except a few limited days walking in the path of their own egoes and self gratification, and at last bade barewell to this ephemeral world, leaving behind no treasury.

But praise be to God that thou art confirmed. Thou hast hearkened to the call of the kingdom, thou art informed of the teachings of Bahá'u'lláh. The doors of the kingdom are opened before thy face and eternal life hath become manifest.

Therefore strive that in this world and in the world of the kingdom thou mayest deposit a treasury and leave behind a track and a result - so that day unto day thou mayest become more favored in the divine threshold and be classed as one of the most faithful and sincere servants of His Holiness, Bahá'u'lláh"

Another question was asked about whether there would be any modifications in the marriage relationship.

The Master said: "There are 2 kinds of relationship - real and unreal. The real relationship is based upon spiritual love and companionship and this relationship will forever remain the same and the other relationship which has no basis in reality will be done away with. Love between man and woman must be kept sacred and holy. Marriage is a command of God. It is necessary to the community, for humanity is continued through the practice of this law, but the family life should be pure, soul-elevating so that the children may breathe the uncontaminated atmosphere of sanctity. The love of their parents should be the great love example to them.

Some one asked about divorce, Abdul Baha said: "When there exists incompatibility of temper and complete antipathy between man and wife then divorce is permitted. To live together under such stifling conditions is productive of hell.

Another asked about the future of aviation and the Master promptly answered:- "The science of aviation will make great progress in the immediate future and people will travel in ease and luxury from one city to another without danger. Aeroplanes will become as popular as automobiles are now. Every well to-do person will have his aeroplane and riding through the air will be within the reach of all.

A number of important Persians called and the Master discussed with them the fall of Adrianople as prophesied by Bahá'u'lláh 50 years ago. Mr. Cobb and a Turkish friend came and the Master spoke at length in the peculiar sect of Baktashi, pointing out the 2 distinctive point in this Oriental religion - one its friendly attitude toward all peoples and the other its great religious tolerance.

Then he spoke on the uninterrupted descent of the grace of God, the eternal Creator. He dwelt on the fact that there is no suspension ever in His bounty and that He has always manifested in His Prophets.


Extracts from Tablet to Albert R. Windust. Chicago, Ill.
Upon him be Baha U llah El Abha.


Regarding the Spiritual Assembly (Board of Consultation, Working Committee, etc.), this is not the House of Justice. It is a purely Spiritual Assembly and belongs to spiritual matters, and that is to teach the Cause of God and diffuse the fragrances of God.

If the believers arise in the accomplishment of this work, the existence of the Spiritual Assembly will not become absolutely necessary or obligatory. THE AIM IS TO TEACH THE CAUSE OF GOD. In California they have no Board, but the teaching of the Cause is being done.

That which is the most important of all affairs in this day is to TEACH THE CAUSE OF GOD. You must engage in the diffusion of the Fragrances of God, so that ye may impart life to the worlds, illumine the dark regions, confer new existence upon these smouldering dead bodies, make intelligent and mindful these negligent hearts: thus they may free themselves from this nether world and soar toward the Universe of the Almighty.

Convey the wonderful Abha greetings to al the friends of God.

Upon thee by Baha El Abha.

(Signed) Abdul Baha Abbas.

(Translated by Ahmed Sohrab, Oct. 2nd 1913 Ramleh Egypt)


Part of a lesson given in parlor adjoining Corinthian Hall, Masonic Temple, Chicago, November 28, 1909, by Mr. Albert R. Windust.


The Covenant and Testament, in its highest meaning, refers to "THE WORD MADE FLESH" - the Manifestation of God to man thro [sic] Man - in every epoch. Such were Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Mohammed, BAHA'O'LLAH.

Adam made a Covenant and Testament that God would finish His work in six days and rest the seventh;*** the others confirmed that Covenant and renewed it, and in BAHA'O'LLAH (The Glory of God") it was fulfilled. He was the finished work of the Creator, a Perfect Man. He is called "The Blessed Perfection."

There are other meanings to the Covenant and Testament which we will not mention today, and as the subject is deep and the time limited, we can only touch on what has been said regarding


The Covenant and Testament is as a "golden thread" running thro [sic] the Sacred Scriptures, which, if followed, leads the seeker for Truth out of the maze of mystery surrounding the Old and New Testaments of the Bible. Consider how the WORD OF GOD, speaking thro Adam, stated that the Creator would "finish His work" by making man in "His own image," as we have just stated. This divine "seed" of the WORD planted in the "soil" of mankind, which Adam "tilled," was the germ of the future Heavenly Man and the "promise" of the coming of His "Kingdom of Heaven" upon earth. The WORD thro Noah was this same "promise" renewed, embryonic still, seemingly an insignificant "kingdom" - as small as "a grain of mustard seed" - yet safe in the Ark (of the Covenant) although surrounded with the "flood of water" in the womb of this world. The WORD of Abraham is this same Covenant and Promise of - coming "child." Although he could not discern it, believing humanity "barren" of any spiritual attainment, yet before his "day" passed, signs of life of that kingdom were apparent, and Abraham greatly rejoiced. The WORD of "the law" thro Moses is likened to the firm, rigid bony structure of this developing "child" of the kingdom, destined "in due time" to "fill the whole earth." During this period alternating paroxysms of joy, sorrow, peace, hope and lamentation of the WORD came thro the Messengers and Prophets; thus David, Solomon, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, et al, confirmed the "life" of this "active child" soon to be "delivered." The WORD thro Jesus Christ proclaimed the "birth" of this "child" and we read for the first time in the sacred recrod of the "breath" of the Holy Spirit entering into the "little flook" who were to go forth into all nations and proclaim the Gospel (i.e., good news) of the "coming" of the Kingdom. Repreatedly He used the illustration of the "child", saying: "And the kingdom of heaven is like unto a little child."

Pre-historic1st day2nd day3rd day4th day5th day6th day7th day

BC # 133A

The WORD thro Mohammed*** is likened unto the schoolmaster who disciplined this "youth" of the kingdom.

The WORD thro Baha'o'llah is likened unto the full-grown man, the perfection of that hidden in the embryo of the "kingdom of heaven" planted on earth by Adam. It is the condition of maturity and the "day of judgment" and discernment.

Concerning this simple plan of the ages - yet sublime in its simplicity - we will quote from the Tablets of Abdul Baha, Vol. III, page 497:

"O thou servant of God! Unquestionably, thro the Manifestation of the Infinite Power in this glorious age, wonderful signs will appear in the world and great changes are seen in the present and promised in the future, for the WORD of God is like unto the Spirit, and the contingent world like unto the embryo in the womb of the mother. Through the power of the Spirit such various changes and metamorphoses become apparent, transforming them from one form to another."

And on page 535, Vol. III: "The Cause of Baha'o'llah is the same as the Cause of Christ. It is the same Temple and the same Foundation. Both of these are spiritual springtimes and seasons of the soul-refreshing awakening and the cause of the renovation of the life of mankind. The springtime of this year is the same as the springtime of last year. The origins and ends are the same. The sun of today is the sun of yesterday. In the coming of Christ the divine teachings were given in accordance with the infancy of the human race. The teachings of Baha'o'llah have the same basic principles, but are according to the stage of the maturity of the world and the requirements of this illumined age."

Next week we will continue this subject.

***It is well known that many of the sciences and arts enjoyed today were introduced into Europe, during the "middle ages," thro a Mohammedan seat of learning, Cordova, Spain. The Arabs and Moors were an industrious people, and the agriculture of Spain was in a most flourishing condition during their occupation of the country. They introduced plantations of sugar, rice and cotton. The Moors of Spain made the first paper manufactured in Europe; and their carpets and silks, their gold and silver embroidery, their manufactures in steel and leather were long unrivaled. We are indebted to the Saracens of Spain for the elements of many of the useful sciences, especially chemistry. They introduced the simple Arabic figures which we use in Arithmetic. They taught mathematics, astronomy, philosophy and medicine, and were so superior in knowledge to the Christian nations of Europe that many Christians of all nations went to be educated in the Arabian schools of Cordova.

*** *** ***

BC # 133B


Lesson on Adam and Eve and Garden of Eden, as recorded in Genesis.

To begin, let it be understood that the Prophets or Messengers of God are holy souls sent by Him to lead us to a knowledge of God and establish laws and ordinances for the people, which will tend to their development both spiritually and materially, in order that they might reach the intended aim; but their revelation or message has ever been given in accordance with the limitations or receptivity of the people of their time or age, for as long as the understanding of men has not reached the point of maturity the Divine Manifestations give explanations in illuminated verses expressing their works in a sealed, hidden and symbolical way.

The story of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden is in reality an illustration of the development of man, or rather the evolution of the power of God in mankind, from its conception. By Adam is really intended the reality of the existence (or essence) of man, his five ranks or stations in his existence.

First station, that of the body, the solid or mineral condition which is referred to as Eden. The term "Eden" in the Arabic language means place of living or residing.

Second station, that of the growing condition of man, which is the development from the mineral to the vegetable, referred to as the Garden of Eden. The garden, as you know, is the place for plants to grow.

Third station, that of the power of sensation, which condition is arrived at after leaving or developing from the vegetable to the

animal, in which condition man begins to eat, drink, feel, etc., which sensations are referred to as the different kinds of fruits.

Fourth station, that of mentality; in this condition or stage of development man is enabled to use his reasoning faculties, which is referred to as the station or tree of good and evil; in other words, man has, at this time, reached a condition where it is possible for him to distinguish between good and evil (human).

Fifth station, that of the Kingdom of Faith in God, which condition depends upon one's attitude toward the Word of God.

When man reaches the human station he is, at this time, held accountable for his actions, because he is then capable of comprehending the Word of God and making his choice as between good and evil. When man has passed through all of the above mentioned conditions or stations, he will have attained to the Paradise of Eden.

The Tree of Life spoken of in this account refers to none other than the Manifestation of God in the human form, through whom God manifests His life-giving Spirit in the form of words, and whosoever partakes of the fruits of this Tree shall indeed attain everlasting life, in accordance with His Command.

The four rivers spoken of refer to the four great powers which are manifested only in the Manifestations of God, as follows:

River of Communes or Prayers, River of Interpretations, River of Doctrines and Precepts, River of answering difficult and scientific questions.

Man has a dual nature - spiritual and material - the inclination

toward good, referred to as the mind (Adam), and the inclination toward bad, referred to as the soul (Eve). These two powers are in equilibrium but usually like a balance, either up or down. The soul or material quality is ever in ambush to drag the mind or spiritual quality down and when one conquers, the other is obviously weakened; for example, mayor of city [sic.] about to do some good, knowing what is best, but is bribed into doing the contrary. The life of the mind depends upon the soul; if it does not come out (rib out of side), it will not be manifested. Take for illustration the gas and the light: the soul can be likened to the gas, the mind to the light. The light came from the gas, but the power of the light is much greater than the gas.

The soul is great, for it is the throne of the mind, and the soul, if pure, is of great assistance to the mind. As God knew the mind to be the manifestation of Himself, He said, "O Adam, do not obey the evil suggestions of your soul or you will be destroyed." When He said, as recorded, to Moses: "Put thy shoes off thy feet, for the ground whereon thou standest is holy ground," this meant, cast away all lust and soul's desire.

The mind has the power of Divine inspiration, but the soul, unless conquered, prevents it from soaring, keeps it back, and sometimes low. Let the soul be freed from the mind (spirit) and it will appear as one without clothes, as represented in the story; when the soul dragged the mind down or allowed the material to conquer, they discovered themselves as naked (devoid of the bounty of God).

The serpent spoken of is the Tempter or Satan, whose outward appearance is attractive and beautiful but inwardly is a poison to the mind. The fruit of Satan attracted Eve (soul) and she in turn deceived

Adam (mind), which caused their downfall. At this time Adam realizes his condition, his station lost by reason of his having yielded to temptation and begins to make excuses, which are referred to as the leaves of the tree with which he attempts to cover his body and seeks forgiveness. Then the light shines forth, he hears the voice of God: "Adam, where art thou?" and makes confession: "She (Eve) gave me to eat." Again he hears: "For this thou art cursed, and enmity shall exist between thee and the soul, etc."

In other words, this struggle between the good and bad, spiritual and material, is ever taking place and it behooves us to be on guard constantly. Some people will say: "Why cut yourself from the world when God created it? What is the world for if not for our benefit and pleasure? Why should we not get all we can out of it? If what the Prophets say is right, why stay here?" By cutting ourselves from the world is intended avoiding things that hinder our advance toward God; this world is but a stepping stone for the world of spirit; besides, if all were to withdraw, this world would be destroyed.

When in the embryonic world or condition, we do not realize the necessity of eyes and ears, but when we reach our present state, we then see the great need of them. Are not deaf or blind persons subject to our sympathy? And yet their conditions are but symbols of conditions in the next world.

The spirit of the world is that of avarice, selfishness and envy, while that of the Kingdom is mercy, unselfishness and love. We can be likened to children who do not realize the great benefits of acquiring a good education until it is too late.

When Moses appeared and taught sacrifice for sin, there were two kinds, one for evil deeds and the Daily Sacrifice (prayer). He admonished the people to subdue the promptings of Satan, but they did not understand. He, therefore, ordered them to pay tithes in order to conquer or hold them, but the Spirit of Religion disappeared - only the letter remaining. Material tithes are not accepted - only spiritual ones.

Though one is holy, he needs to pray daily, because all are continually engulfed in sin.


To a Paris Believer.

O seeker of the Kingdom!

Your letter has arrived and its contents became known. You asked: What is Truth? Truth is the WORD of GOD which gives life to humanity: it restores sight to the blind and hearing to the deaf; it makes eloquent those who are dumb, and living beings out of dead beings; it illumines the world of the heart and soul; it reduces into nothingness the iniquities of the neglectful and erring ones. Beauty, perfection, brilliancy and spirituality of this existence comes from or through the WORD of God. For all it is the supreme goal, the greatest desire, the cause of life, light, instruction. The road to attain to this Truth is the Love of GOD. When this light of the love of GOD is burning in the mirror of the heart, that flame shows the way, and guides to the Kingdom of the WORD of GOD.

As to that which causes the growth of the Love of GOD -- know that it is to turn one's self towards God.

As to progress after death: know that after death it is the Divine world. Progress is possible, but it depends upon the generosity of GOD, and not upon the efforts and struggles of man. In other words, progress becomes possible only through grace, because the progress from one rank to another depends entirely upon divine generosity, whereas, on the contrary, progress toward perfection is obtainable through man's effort. For example, the progress of a mineral reality to the rank of a vegetable is to be obtained only through generosity; likewise the passage of a vegetable reality to the rank of an animal reality to the rank of the human is also due to mercy and generosity; likewise the passage of a human reality to the world of the Kingdom depends entirely

upon generosity. What I mean to say is that the passage from one rank to another depends wholly upon grace, whereas the acquiring of perfections is dependent upon man's efforts and struggles. Take mankind: GOD created man from the mineral enabled him to attain to his present station; now by his efforts and struggles he can acquire human perfections and seek to increase in virtue and purity. It is therefore clear that the passage from one rank to a higher rank depends entirely on generosity, whereas the acquiring of virtues is possible through effort and will power. In consequence, after the passage through this corporeal world into the Divine World, the traversing of ranks is possible, but only through the grace and bounty of GOD.

As to the significance of the Cause of Bahá'u'lláh: know that everything which belongs to the universal welfare is divine, and all that which is divine is certainly for universal good. If it is the Truth, it is for all, otherwise it is for no one. Therefore, a divine Cause for universal good cannot be limited to the Orient or to the Occident; because the flame of the Sun of Truth illumines the East and the West, and its heat is felt in the South as well as the North, -- there is no difference between the two poles. In the time of the manifestation of Christ, the Romans and Greeks thought that the Cause was especially for the Israelites; they thought that they had no need for it, because they saw that according to appearances they possessed a perfect civilization, and that they did not need the instructions of Christ. This false supposition was the cause of depriving many people from its grace.

Also know that the principles of Christianity and the commandments

of Bahá'u'lláh are identical, and that the roads are the same. But every day there is progress. There was a time when the divine institution was in an embryonic condition; then it became a newly born -- a child -- an intelligent adult. Today it has reached maturity; its capacities, its body is the same,- but today it is resplendent with the greatest beauty and brilliancy.

This explanation is clear and sufficient. Happy is he who penetrates the mysteries, and who takes his share from the world of light. The sun could shine a hundred thousand years and shower its heat upon a stone or hard piece of earth; they would not become luminous gems, a ruby or a pearl.

Thank GOD that you are a seeker of Truth, gifted with sight, hearing, judgment and penetration. I do not doubt but that you will arrive at understanding mysteries.

Upon you be the Beauty of El-ABHA!

(Signed) Abdul Baha Abbas

(BC #139A-C [except for the first sentence and "You asked:" in the beginning and the last paragraph, all are from Bahá'í Scriptures, no. 953-955])
From Book of Enoch.


From Ahmad Sohrab's Diary, Ramleh, Egypt, October 4, 1913.

In the Name of the Wise, the Mighty!

This is the day in which the Throne is amongst the tribes (of Israel); is calling for the inhabitants of the earth and is summoning to the glorification and the sanctification of the Almighty.

This is the day in which the Angels of Heaven are continually descending with the Cups of Explanation and Goblets of Knowledge, and after being perfumed with the Holy and Sweet Fragrances, they are ascending.

Proclaim: The Promised Lord saith: O ye concourse of the Jews. You have belonged to Me; from Me ye have appeared and to Me ye shall return. What has happened to you that now you are not recognizing Me,- enemies instead of friends,-and have abandoned the real Friend?

This is the day in which the New Heaven hath appeared and the old earth is renewed. Should you look with sanctified vision, ye shall behold the New Jerusalem. Should ye listen with attentive ears, ye shall hear the Voice of GOD!

This is the day in which all things call unto you and invite you to advance toward the Promised Lord: But alas! Ye are so intoxicated with the wine of haughtiness that ye are not aware of it for a moment.

The ear is for the sake of hearing My Voice, and the eye is for the sake of beholding My Beauty. Hearken ye unto Me and detach yourselves from aught else save Me. The Tabernacle of the Lord through the Hand of Divine Providence is lifted up, and in the Cause of GOD hath become manifest.

The time of the old things is rolled by and the cycle of regeneration hath come. The Lord hath so willed that everything be renewed.

But the new vision is enabled to behold this transformation and the new intelligence is informed in this condition.

The origin and the end were couched in one Blessed Word, and that Blessed Word hath appeared and stepped upon the arena of existence.

It is the Spirit of the Divine Books and Scriptures. It has been from the beginning before which there was no beginning and it shall continue to the end after which there is no end. It is the Key to the Most Great Treasury of the Lord and the Concealed Mystery of GOD, which hath been hidden from eternity behind the Canopies of Celestial Infallibility.

It is the Alpha and Omega prophesied by John. It is the first and the last, the manifest and hidden.

O thou Abd-e-Hossein! GOD willing, thou shalt become confirmed in rejoicing the tribes (Israelites) with the prophecies which are revealed in former times in the Holy Books. This Glad Tidings is indeed like unto the Water of Life for the dead people of the world.

Blessed are those who drink thereform, and woe unto those who reject.

Declare: To-day the City of God hath appeared and become manifest, with the utmost adornment. Ponder ye over the words of John, who hath prophesied concerning the coming of the Holy and Glorious City of GOD, say: 'For the Lord GOD Almighty and the Lamb are the Temple of IT. And the City hath no need of the sun; no light of the moon to shine in it.'

(BC #141 [Cf. "Bahai: The Spirit of the Age" by Horace Holley, "The Bahai Message to Judaism", pp. 88-90, which has an additional paragraph and Tablet background, though it is missing two paragraphs, beginning with "O thou Abd-e-Hossein!"]

Instructions given by Abdul Baha to Mrs. Thornburg Cropper.

All prophets are messengers from God and all ways lead to Him and all have borne fruit.

The great gift is unselfishness, and the loving wish to help others will guide us.

There are seasons in the Revelation from God as in the natural year, and just as the Christ had realized the Spirit of God in the flesh and had helped the earth in His time, now the Message of Bahá'u'lláh was the medicine of which the world had much need.

All reverence and gratitude should be given to the prophets of the past. If truth be rejected, it is a mistake for which we must be sorry -- not a sin; and the Mercy of God transcends all human error. That to accept the laws and Message of Bahá'u'lláh was the quickest way, but that everything done in sincerity and with a loving heart was accepted, and that the Mercy of God covers all. But Bahá'u'lláh had a larger Message on a greater number of subjects than any other, just as this was an age more fitted by a great spiritual advance made in the great kingdom of Knowledge to understand and benefit by His just Commands.

That wherever we found good or heard of it, we were to rejoice and accept it; that all religions were of God.

I asked, "How shall we judge? By the unselfishness of the life?" "Yes, the loving heart can never be concealed from man or Heaven."

That He rejoiced greatly in the practical turn that spiritual problems were taking in the world; that He hoped to see them improved upon and carried out without any dissent, in absolute unity, and that He felt that when the waves of progress swept the shores of the East their effect would be immediate, because the Eastern mind was well grounded in philosophy and thought much on these subjects. That iron sight was very ordinary in Persia amongst the Sufis, and people who studied these questions. That you could not perfect yourself in it except by constantly turning your mind and heart in a spirit of loving demand that God would shower His Bounty, and that illumination was bound to follow. That each time we turned to God we received and showed forth radiance. That one does well in not relying too much upon the teachings of others, but to turn to the Holy Spirit for guidance.

That the Christian Science movement was doing great good in America and in other parts of the world. That different minds need different experiences. That without splendid health you were incapable of doing your best and most useful work, while suffering and adversity had its lessons which we must all learn sooner or later.

That we must always have a cheerful face because of the glad tidings in our hearts.

That life and death were the same, there was little change; and as human beings helped each other on the earthly plane, they could still continue to show affection and give support to each other after the apparent separation.

That the Heavenly Kingdom was in us now. That if the spirit of the departed entered the most heavenly Paradise without eyes to see its beauties and ears to hear the celestial music, they would hardly recognize they were there. That on earth you could either ascend or fall; that in Heaven there was no descent possible, only unbroken progress.

That one should constantly turn to the Heavenly Father for guidance on all points.

(BC #142 ["Mrs. Rutherford" signed at top of typed copy])
To the servant of God Mrs. ISABELLA D. BRITTINGHAM.
(Upon her be Baha'-Ullah')

Oh thou who art attracted by the Fragrances of God.

I have received thy letter dated Oct., 1st, 1903, and am informed of its contents.

Know then, that sex--male and female--relates to the exigencies of the physical world, and has no relation (connection) with the Spirit. The Spirit and its world are purified from these conditions, and sanctified from all similarities to the bodies in the contingent world, but during ancient Cycles men were distinguished from woman because the physical powers were holding dominion over the spirits. But in this Glorious Cycle, as the power of the Spirit surpasses that of fore--distinction between males and females is abolished, and the effectiveness of the Spirit being manifest, man and woman are equal, for to-day there is no distinction or difference between males and females, who, under all conditions and circumstances, are in one station. Distinction and difference belong only to the one who is kindled by the Fire of the LOVE of GOD, informed by His Mysteries; who in arising for the service of His Cause, announcing the Message o fthe Manifestation of His Kingdom; from whom spiritual virtues are manifest, merciful and divine perfections are evident, and who is hearlding and proclaiming peace, concord, affection, love, harmony and union among the nations, such a one is the noblest of souls, and the most perfect being in existence, whether (that soul be) male or female.

Regarding thy question as to the beginning of Creation: Know thou that the Truth (GOD) has eternally ever been, and so also have His creatures, for there is no beginning either for the Truth (GOD) or for the creatures. According to the bodies in this contingent world, the "beginning" mentioned in the Holy Scriptures means the beginning of the Manifestation, and "Creation" signifies the Second Spiritual Birth: as Christ says, "You must be born again." There is no doubt that the beginning of this Spiritual Creation was the Manifestation Himself, for such Manifestation of the Divine Manifestations is the Adam (of His time) and His first believer is Eve, while all the souls who are born of the Second Birth are His children and decendents. In the New Testament it is recorded:-

"That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is Spirit." Again in John first and thirteenth:- "Which were born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of GOD."

Concerning the Universe, Creation and Existence, these are the exigencies of His Names and Attributes, for without His creatures the Creator could not be identified. There can be no provider (GOD) without there be some one to receive His provisions. There can be no Possessor without having something to possess; neither can there be a Sovereign without subjects. The monarchy of GOD is eternal, perpetual, and without end, and the dominion of such a real Monarch, His subjects, Glory and Beauty, is also eternal and everlasting. The meaning, then, of the "beginning of Creation" mentioned in the Holy Scriptures, is a Spiritual Creation, and the second Birth.

Upon thee be greeting and praise.


(Revealed Oct., 24th, 1903. Translated in the Holy City. Translation certified to by Mirza Fareed Ameen, Dec. 26th, 1903.)

(BC #143 [The paragraph beginning "Regarding thy question as to the beginning of Creation" is essentially the same as that at BC #286C])

O Thou Seeker for Truth!

Whatever thou hast heretofore heard was fancy, not truth; was tradition (or narration), not vision; for it was but an explanation concerning the rising of the Sun, and the explanation was during the night. In this Day, however, the Light of Truth has dawned and the world has become illumined; therefore, whatever thou (now) hearest concerning the Sun is on the authority of vision (or actual sight), not of tradition (or narrative). Consequently, open thine eye so that thou mayest witness the lights, and open the ear of thy soul so that thou mayst hear the Divine Voice. Be delivered from thyself, from imaginations and superstitions, so that thou mayst find Eternal Life. Recollect how many fancies (or imaginations) thou hast had during thy life. Now it has become evident that they were all superstitions not the truth. Walk now in the Path of Truth, so that the shining lights may encompass thee and thy soul find a new life. Be quit of the superstitions of the Pharisees, so that they may not prevent thee from believing in the Christ; for the Pharisees were heedless of the real meaning of the Pentateuch, they assailed His Highness, Christ. One said, "Christ must come from Heaven, and this person has come from the womb of Mary." Another said, "He must come from an unknown place, and we know that this one is from Nazareth." Another said, "Where is the Kingdom of the Messiah?" Another said, "Where is the iron rod?" Another said, "Where is the throne of David? How did the Messiah sit upon it?" Another said, "Where is the justice that was to come in the days of the Messiah, and the association of wild beasts, the wolf and the lamb, the leopard with the young goat, the asp and the suckling babe?"

To be brief, as they did not understand the meaning of the Holy Scriptures, they did not approve of His Holiness, the Spirit of God (i.e., Christ). They opposed Him, avoided Him; nay, they even made Him an ornament of the cross. They took the liberty of treating Him with the utmost injustice.

Now, too, (in this Day) the heedless ones are like unto the Pharisees; they are not informed (or, are ignorant) of the truth of the Holy Scriptures. Consequently they oppose the Blessed Beauty (i.e., Bahá'u'lláh)

and are of the scoffers. Before long this great Cause will change the dust-bin of strife, conflict and warfare into the rosegarden of love, affinity, peace and conciliation.

Upon thee be greeting and praise.

(Signed) Abdul Baha Abbas.

Translated by A. K. Khan,
July 9, 1905.
Cambridge, Mass.

O ye illumined friends and maid-servants of the Merciful:

When the darkness of ignorance, heedlessness concerning the Realm of Eternity, and bereavement (or deprivation) from the True One had encircled the universe, then the resplendent Luminary dawned, and the brilliant Light illumined the horizon of the East. Hence the Sun of Reality shone forth, scattering the sparkling lights of the Kingdom to the East and the West. Those who had the seeing eyes found the most great glad tidings, began to cry the call:--"Oh blessed are we! Oh blessed are we!" and have beheld the reality of things in themselves, and have discovered the mysteries of the Kingdom; they were released from superstition and doubts, perceived the Light of Truth and became so intoxicated with the cup of the Love of God that, wholly forgetting themselves and the world, while dancing, they ran with utmost joy and ecstasy to the City of Martyrdom, sacrificing their minds and lives upon the altar of love. But those who were blind became astonished, and on account of these joyous exclamations they were bewildered and began to cry:-- "Where is the light?" They said, "We do not behold any light. We do not see any rising sun. It is void of truth. This is pure imagination."

However, they have hastened batlike, in the darkness below the ground, and according to their own thoughts they have found a little comfort and tranquillity. Nevertheless, it is yet the early dawn, and the strength of the heat and the rays of the Sun of Truth have not yet made their torrid and complete impress. When it reaches the middle of Heaven the heat will interpenetrate with such intensity that it will move and spur to the greatest velocity even the insects below the earth; although they are not able to behold the Light, yet the penetration of the heat will move and agitate all of them.

Consequently, O ye friends of God, be ye thankful that in the Day of effulgence ye have turned your faces to the Orb of the regions and have beheld the lights, that ye have received a portion from the rays of truth and are endowed with a share from the everlasting outpouring. Therefore, ye must not rest one moment, but thank Him for this bestowal. Be ye not seated and silent. Diffuse the glad tidings of the Kingdom far and wide to the ears, promulgate the Word of God, and put into practice the advices and covenants of God. That is, arise ye with such qualities and attributes that ye may continually bestow life to the body of the world, and nurse the infant of the universe up to the station of maturity and perfection. Enkindle with all your might in every meeting the Light of the Love of God; gladden and cheer every heart with the utmost loving-kindness, show forth your love to the strangers just as you show it forth to your relatives, and be ye like unto faithful friends to the outsiders. If a soul is seeking to quarrel, ask ye for reconciliation; if he blame, ye praise; if he gives ye deadly poison, bestow ye an all-healing antidote; if he createth death, administer ye eternal life; if he becomes a thorn, change ye into roses and hyacinths. Perchance through such deeds and words this darkened world will become illuminated; this terrestrial universe will become transformed into a heavenly realm, and this satanic prison become a divine court; warfare and bloodshed will be annihilated, and love and faithfulness will hoist the tent of unity upon the apex of the world.

These are the results of the divine advices and exhortations, and the epitome of the teachings of the Bahá'í Cycle.

Upon ye be greetings and praise!

(Signed) Abdul-Baha Abbas.

Translated by Mirza Ahmad Esphahani, July 3, 1906; Washington, D.C.)

(BC #145B [See Bahá'í World Faith, pp. 352-353 for essentially identical text, besides it lacking the closing and the words "and be ye like unto faithful friends to the outsiders"])


"Now as to the coming of the Great Master: His appearance is dependent upon the realization of certain conditions. Investigate the Reality, and in whomsoever those conditions are fulfilled, know ye of a certainty that He is the Great Master.

  1. That Great Master will be the Educator of the world of humanity.
  2. His teachings must be universal and confer illumination upon mankind.
  3. His knowledge must be innate and spontaneous, and not acquired.
  4. He must answer the questions of all the sages, solve all the difficult problems of humanity and be able to withstand all the persecutions and sufferings heaped upon Him.
  5. He must be a joy-bringer and the Herald of the Kingdom of Happiness.
  6. His knowledge must be infinite and his wisdom all-comprehensive.
  7. The penetration of His Word and the potency of His influence must be so great as to humble even His worst enemies.
  8. Sorrows and tribulations must not vex Him; His courage and conviction must be Godlike. Day by day He must become firmer and more zealous.
  9. He must be the Establisher of Universal Civilization, the Unifier of religions, the Standard-bearer of Universal Peace, and the Embodiment of all the highest and noblest virtues of the world of humanity.

Whenever you find these conditions realized in a human temple, turn to Him for guidance and illumination."

(BC #146 [The numeric points and conclusion are present in Star of the West, vol. 7, issue 7, p. 56])
Address by Abdul Baha on the Four Proofs of the Manifestations of God. Friday evening Feb. 14th, 1913, - 15 Rue de Greuze, Paris.

Whenever the Holy Manifestations of God appear in this world they establish their validity with certain proofs. One of their proofs is the prophecies given by former Manifestations. The second is the wonderful traces which emanate from their personality. The third proof is their own deeds. The fourth proof is their teachings.

The first proof which deals with the prophecies of the former Manifestations are only acceptable to believers. For example, it is recorded in Daniel that 70 weeks after the destruction of the Temple; according to prophetic reckoning when we turn these 70 weeks into days, we have 490 days. In accord with the scriptural idea every day is a year, therefore this makes 490 years, which date comes very near the date of the ascension of Christ. From this prophecy we understand that during the interval of 490 years Nebuchadnezzar came, destroyed the Temple, carried away many prisoners and toward the end His Holiness the Christ appeared, and after the period of His ministry He passed away. The evangelist will put forth a proof like unto this from the old Testament to establish the validity of Christ, and we who believe in Christ accept such a proof. Those who are not believers in Him will not accept or be convinced by this kind of proof. In short the prophecies which are recorded in the books of the former Manifestations are satisfactory proofs for the believers, especially the conditions which are explained in the former books concerning the subsequent Manifestations. For instance it is recorded in the Old Testament that the Messiah should come down from heaven, should reign as a king etc. Consequently those who are believers

finding the fulfillment of these prophecies acknowledge the Prophethood of Christ.

The second proof is the miracles of the Prophets. For instance the miracles which were performed by Moses. It is recorded in oriental history that His Holiness Abraham was thrown on a burning pile, but He was protected and was unhurt, and that Moses divided the sea into two, changed the rod into a serpent, and caused the descent of manna from heaven; under the smiting of His rod water gushed forth from the rock. This kind of proof is always for the believer. A Buddhist will not be convinced by these proofs, they are convincing as far as the orthodox Jews are concerned because they believe in Moses. On the other hand the miracles which are attributed to Jesus Christ are only proofs for the Christians. The Jews refute them as a whole. No one lives today who has seen these miracles performed by Christ, so that they may bear testimony to them. Likewise they attribute many miracles to Mohamed - these miracles are only accepted by the Mohammedans and not by the Jews and the Christians. This is to show you that these two proofs are not final.

The third proof consists of the deeds of the Holy Manifestations. When we consider the deeds of the Founders of Religions we are confronted with certain irrefutable facts. For instance, His Holiness Moses founded a Cause singly and alone. No one else could have performed such a great feat. He appeared when the Jews were in the lowest depths of degradation and ignorance,- He caused them to ascend to the highest station of honor and knowledge. The Israelites were downtrodden in Egypt, they were captives and laborers. Their morality was in a degree of baseness to such an extent that they were considered worse than animals. His Holiness Moses through the Power

of God was enabled to raise this ignorant and dark nation to the summit of light and knowledge. This is an evident proof of His prophethood because a single man cannot accomplish such a wonderful universal work, to exalt a lowly humiliated nation to the highest horizon of prosperity and success amongst all people. It is incontestable that this work is accomplished through the Divine Power, no just person can deny this. For instance, His Holiness Christ was quite alone, He was a Jew from among the Jews. At a time when the Israelites were under the yoke of the Romans Christ appeared. Those souls who believed in Him attained to the summit of everlasting glory. Through his Teachings the Chaledeans, the Syrian, the Assyrians, the Greeks, the Romans and the Egyptians became united. He renewed the world of humanity, it was transformed from one state into a higher state. He was able to accomplish this alone through the Divine Power. His Holiness Mohammed appeared among the tribes of peninsular Arabia. The Arabs were in the lowest degree of savagery and barbarism. Mohammed alone and without assistance educated these wild tribes and suffered them to attain to the acme of progress and advancement. One cannot accomplish such a mighty work through physical power. His Holiness Bahá'u'lláh appeared with an extraordinary supernatural power. At a time when the East was immersed in a sea of darkness and superstition, the people were in a state of hatred and ignorance, Bahá'u'lláh like unto the sun shone forth from the Eastern horizon. He flooded those regions with His Glorious Light. The oriental nations rose against Him and strove to extinguish His Light. Without any outward power or influecne He withstood their attacks. He willingly accepted every trial, vicissitude and tribution till His Banner was upraised and the banner of all the rest brought low. Under the chains He unfurled the flag of oneness

of the world of humanity. In the prison He spread the principles of universal peace and brotherhood. From behind the barrack He wrote His famous epistles to the kings and rulers of the earth. Some of these sovereigns were arraigned severely, the fall of others was predicted, which came to pass a few years after. One of them was Napoleon, he did not answer the first epistle, so Bahá'u'lláh wrote again. These letters were printed and published in the book called "Surat Ul Hykl", 22 years ago in Bombay, India. In this letter He says: "I have written to thee an epistle, but thou didst not heed it, therefore thy dominion shall be uptorn, this earthly glory has made thee proud, but I see humiliation is hastening after thee, the foundation of thy sovereignty shall be shaken, and thou shalt be subject to great humiliation". Bahá'u'lláh wrote this from His prison. Likewise He wrote another epistle to the Sultan of Turkey Abdul Aziz saying: "Thou art become haughty through thy power, thou art relying too much on thy sovereignty, thou hast heaped upon us tribulation and persecution. Know thou of a certainty that the basis of thy dominion shall be destroyed. In Constantinople there will be great confusion and thy glory shall be taken from thy hand, and it shall fall into the hands of others". These events of today are clear proofs of the validity of these prophecies. This Tablet was printed in the above mentioned book before the downfall of Abdul Aziz. Likewisse He wrote an epistle to Naser-id Shah of Persia, saying: "Thy kingship has prevented thee from belief in this Movement. Thou art thinking that thy sovereignty is eternal. This sovereignty of thine shall be disturbed and in Teheran there will be a great constitutional movement. The pillars of the sovereignty of Persia shall be shaken as by an earthquake, and great commotion and agitation appear". For the last few years all these prophecies foretold by

Bahá'u'lláh more than 40 years ago have come to pass. They are irrefutable.

While Bahá'u'lláh lived in prison He carried Himself with the utmost majesty and independence. Before Him every one was humble. Everyone who presented himself in the presence of Bahá'u'lláh would come out impressed with His spiritual power and authority. Even His enemies bore testimony to this fact. They wrote after meeting Bahá'u'lláh "This is a miraculous personage, but we do not believe in Him, we are not following Him because he is against our ideas of religion. In brief the deeds and actions of the Divine Manifestations are their greatest proofs. The proof of the sun is its rays and heat. There is need of no further proof; the proof of this lamp before us is its brilliancy. Notwithstanding this there are many other proofs concerning Bahá'u'lláh, many miraculous deeds appeared from Him, but as they cannot be proofs for those who have not seen, therefore we do not mention them. For if the people of the present day had lived in the days of Bahá'u'lláh they would have been proofs for them, but if we mention them nowadays, some people might deny them, and others who have exceeding love may accept.

The fourth proof of the Holy Divine Manifestations is the Teachings. For instance, the Teachings of His Holiness Christ are sufficient proof, there is no greater proof than these teachings, because they were the light of that century, and the spirit of that age. Everything that He said in those days was in accord with the need of the time. His teachings were peerless and unique and matchless.

Consider His Holiness Bahá'u'lláh and His teachings. They are the spirit of this cycle, the light of this century, and they illumine the dark corners of humanity. Whosoever has heard them has confessed that these teachings are in accord with the spirit of this

period. Those who deny the station of Bahá'u'lláh and likewise those who believe in His claim bear testimony to this fact.

While in America and London I explained fully in my various addresses these teachings. Everyone praised them, and all acknowledged that the world of humanity is like unto a body and these Teachings are like the spirit animating that body. No one offered any contradiction, everyone believed that these principles are the remedy of every ailment, the balm for every wound, and the means of the prosperity for the world of humanity. Without the inculcation of these principles mutual understanding and conciliation between the nations will not be realized. For instance the greatest evil of this century is war. In the Bahá'í teaching war is prohibited. The greatest need of this century is universal peace. Bahá'u'lláh has instituted it. The most urgent need of humankind is the declaration of the oneness of the world of humanity, this is the first principle of the Bahá'í Teachings.

That which will illumine the human world is love, the abandonment of dogma and the forgetfuness of religious and national hatred. These teachings are inculcated in the religion of Bahá'u'lláh. Therefore you observe that these Teachings are the greatest proofs of His claim. Such power appeared from Him, sufficient to convince the whole world - The proof of the sun is its light and heat.

(BC #147F)

Walking today in the gardens by the Hudson River in the early morning, I had the privilege of being with Abdu'l-Bahá, and I told Him how some people have tried to spread the untruth that the Bahá'ís teach free love.

He answered: "The marriage bond is very important." He repeated it again: "Very, very important. Marriage must be strict and pure. You must all be very careful about this." He continued: "Women and men must not embrace each other when not married, or about to be married. They must not kiss each other. If women kiss women, that is not bad. If men kiss men, that is not bad. But men and women must not embrace. Such conduct is not taught in the Bahá'í Revelation and must not be done. It is not permitted. If they wish to greet each other, or comfort each other, they may take each other by the hand. Describe how you have seen the women of the East, as in Haifa. The Blessed Beauty directed that there should be great modesty in the women, that they should not bare the neck and bosom, and that the women in the East should wear a veil. The conditions are different in the West, but the women of the West must see the spiritual significance of this teaching. Do not distress them by saying that they should not have done this or that. They will see for themselves. Talk about this only, so to speak, one by one, with the friends, when you have the opportunity."

From notes of a talk with Abdu'l-Bahá, New York City, June 7, 1912, recorded by A.M.B.; forwarded through Dr. Lathrop of Seattle by Roy Wilhelm.

[See also]

On Psychic Forces by Abdul-Baha

To tamper with psychic forces while in this world interferes with the condition of the body in the world to come. These forces are real, but not to be active on this plane. The child in the womb has its eyes, ears, hands, feet, etc., but these powers are not in activity. The whole purpose of the womb life is the coming forth into this world, so the whole purpose of this

(BC #148A)

matrix world life is the coming forth into the world of reality, where all these forces will become active. They belong to that world.

(BC #148B [The latter is also published in Bahá'u'lláh and the New Era, p. 193])

Portion of a letter written by Mirza Assad Ullah in September, 1905.

A remarkable event that took place in the time of the trouble was the performance of the marriage ceremony uniting Mirza Anayet Ullah and Khanum Zeah. Mirza Anayet Ullah is a borther of Mirza Ameen, and Khanum Zeah is a descendant of the "King of the Martyrs" on the mother's side and of the "Beloved of the Martyrs" on the father's side. This marriage was contemplated, and the Master performed the ceremony on the night when nothing but trouble was expected. He said: "When in trouble we shall have our marriage, for in trouble do we have peace."

The following is a copy of a Tablet revealed for Mirza Anayet Ullah and Khanum Zeah at that time:


"All the peoples hold their banquets at the time of peace, comfort and joy. They are merry and marry when in happiness and peace. But the people of God open the doors of joy in disturbance and in the time of trouble. At the time of calamities do they perform marriage ceremonies, and in the time of trouble are they in the Paradise of Abha. Joy and peace at the time of unexpected ordeal is a special sign of the saints, and inward happiness in oppression is the necessity for the people.

"Therefore in these days the evil wishers have disturbed the peace of the people, attributed untrue desires to them, manfested their enmity, and sent reports to the Center of the Government (May God confirm it!), which caused great disturbance of the mind and tumults of the heart. Thus at such a time of trouble did we prepare our banquest and perform the marriage ceremony of the descendant of the two martyrs, so that it may be known that we seek only the Truth and severance from this mortal world, trusting in God and following the Independent Pathway!

"O My God, My Hope and My Desire! Thou seest these, Thy servants and maid-servants in a great calamity and ordeal which was caused by the enmity of the opposers. They said of us that we oppose the Government, and seek corruption among the people! Thou knowest, O God, that our purpose is Thy Will alone, and that our desire is but obedience, for, verily, Thou hast commanded us in Thy blessed Book to obey every just sovereign and to follow his strict commands; and yet do they attribute to us such false statements and cause disturbance in Thy land.

"O God! We are content with what Thou hast destined for us, and seek Thy good pleasure only! Our hearts are not disturbed in great ordeals, for, verily, they are in Thy Path!

"We have performed, O God, the marriage ceremony of the daughter of a martyr to Thy servant Anayet, while in this great ordeal.

"O God! O God! Bless this union through Thy Grace and Bounty, and make it a living unity, and of one spirit--a unity without separation, and bless them with good descendants, and confirm them in Thy Cause!


(BC #149)

To Mrs. Rosa V. Winterburn.       Upon her be Bahá'u'lláh!

O thou beloved maid-servant of God!

Thy letter dated April 22, 1907, was received and its contents became known.

In this most Merciful Age the ignorant prejudices are entirely removed, therefore the marriage of ____ to Mr. ____ is permissible, but Miss ____ must exert herself day and night so that, like the favored maid-servant of God, Mrs. Maxwell, she may guide her husband. She must not rest until she makes him her spiritual as well as physical partner in life. But the Bahai engagement is the perfect communication and the entire consent of both parties. However, they must show forth the utmost attention and become informed of one another's character, and the firm covenant made between each other must become an eternal binding, and their intentions must be everlasting affinity, friendship, unity and life. The bridegroom must, before the bridesman and a few others, say; Verily, we are content with the Will of God. And the bride must rejoin; Verily, we are satisfied with the Desire of God. This is Bahai matrimony.

Regarding the marriage of Mr. ____ and Miss ____, that also, God willing, is blessed.

The marriage of the Bahais means that both man and woman must become spiritually and physically united, so that they may have eternal unity throughout all the divine world and improve the spiritual life of each other. This is Bahai matrimony.

Upon thee be Baha-El-Abha!

(Signed) Abdul Baha Abbas.

Translated by M Ahmad Esphahani,
August 1, 1907, Washington, D.C.

(BC #150 [See Selections from the Writings of 'Abdu'l-Bahá, sec. 86 for a partial updated translation, and Tablets of Abdu'l Baha Abbas, pp. 325-326, for an older but more complete translation])
Explanation of the Greatest Name. By Abdul Baha. Taken from the various Tablets and Talks.

"The interpretation of the ring is not the meaning of the letter or its form; the real meaning is a symbol from the Real Light.

"The word Baha or the form of this ring gives both ways alike the reality or significance of Baha, which means light. The Light of Truth. With this symbol this form of the ring,- one can remember the meaning of that Light which means Baha. When he looks upon the ring he remembers Baha. This is the cause of remembrance,- the form of this engraving on the stone. It can be read from four points the name,- Baha. One is the station or identity: second qualities or attributes; third, the name; and fourth, deeds,- because every thing contains identity, attribute, name and deeds, which is its fragrance. For instance, the sun has identity, qualities, name and function.

Question - What is the reason that every one should mention every morning, ninety five times, the Greatest Name; i.e., Allah'u'Abha! "It is only for mentioning the name of God, for to comemorate His Holy Name causes us to advance toward Him and to be more vigilant."

Question,- We find in the Scriptures that all kinds of pronouns are applied and referred to GOD; namely masculine, feminine and neuter. How is it?
Answer., "Because God is sanctified, purified and is holy above all attributes and qualities, therefore all kinds of pronouns are referred to Him. By these applications are meant the sign and hint of addressing Him."

In reference to the New Name (spoken of in the Book of Revelation) Abdul Baha said that New Name has a spiritual and inward meaning, not an outward one; that it does not mean something that can be pronounced by the tongue, but it means that when a soul comes into the Great Kingdom of God, the "Attributes or "Names" of God light upon him, and by this he receives new consciousness and new understanding and he recomes a new man. Just as when in spring time the sun and rain revive the earth, all the trees and herbs spring up and bear new flowers. Man is, so to speak, in shadow; bit when the sun shines upon him all the shadows disappear."

"The star is the symbol of mans body (Hykl). The Bab designed the star and wrote 360 forms of the Name Bahá'u'lláh in the center. These represented the Lights of the Perfection of God which could be contained in the body of a perfect man. Manifestation ."
Abdul Baha designed the engraving on the stone. The center symbol means the Greatest Name. One star represents the name Bab and the other star was used to balance the design."

Regarding the use of the Beads; The object lies not in the Beads, but in their number - ninety-five - for in reckoning the names of the numbers according to the customs of the Orient, One (Wahid) amounts to nineteen and the meaning of "Wahid" is the oneness and singleness of the Infinite Essence. The number of the name "Bab" is five; therefore, multiply nineteen by five and ninety-five is produced. The bab was one of the nineteen, the remaining eighteen being His disciples. Twelve being the number of the disciples of Christ, is held in reverence by the Christians, while the number thirteen is rejected as unlucky."


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