Baha'i Library Online

"Pilgrims Notes" are recollections of actions and statements of the Central Figures of the Faith. These records are less reliable than their Writings. See status of pilgrims notes and a compilation about Pilgrims Notes.

Pilgrims' notes

  1. Edward C. Getsinger, comp. 'Abdu'l-Bahá in the Holy Land answers questions of Dr. Edward C. Getsinger in 1915 (1915). The importance of humility, spiritual guidance, unity, and self-sacrifice over rigid adherence to law; the dangers of envy and ambition, true authority in the Faith is characterized by humility and service, not personal ambition.
  2. Ali-Kuli Khan. David Merrick, ed. 1906 Pilgrim Notes of Ali Kuli Khan (2010). Large volume in English of the words, stories and actions of 'Abdu'l-Bahá on many topics recorded by the Bahá'í translator Ali Kuli Khan in Persian in 1906 and partly corrected by 'Abdu'l-Bahá.
  3. Various. Harry Liedtke, comp. 239 Days in America: Compilation of Essays from (2012). Compilation of text and visuals from the website, covering Abdu'l-Bahá's visit from April 11 - Dec 5, 1912.
  4. Jeanne Kranen. Marion Pnevmatikou, trans. A Pilgrimage Excerpt from the Story of Jeanne Kranen (2013).
  5. E. S. (Ethel Stefana) Stevens. Abbas Effendi: His personality, work, and followers (1911). Overview of the Bahá'í Faith, including a personal interview with 'Abdu'l-Bahá.
  6. Allan L. Ward. `Abdu'l-Bahá: Speaking in America (1971). Overview of Abdu'l-Bahá's travels through North America, newspaper coverage of his talks, and first-hand accounts of meeting him.
  7. Ahang Rabbani. `Abdu'l-Baha in Abu-Sinan: September 1914 (2005). The story of Abdu'l-Bahá's relocating the Haifa/Akka Bahá'í community of some 140 people to a nearby Druze village to keep them safe during World War I.
  8. Allison Vaccaro and Edward E. Bartlett. 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Baltimore (1982). History of Abdu'l-Bahá's visit to Baltimore, Maryland.
  9. Ahmad Sohrab. David Merrick, ed. 'Abdu'l-Baha in Britain, 1913: The Diary of Ahmad Sohrab (2018). Diary of the travels to Liverpool, London, Oxford, Edinburgh, Bristol, and Woking, 1912/12/05-1913/01/21. Presented as a "hybrid" book with internet links, maps, and QR codes. Includes copious notes, alternative accounts, and an appendix of the talks.
  10. Ella Goodall Cooper, comp. 'Abdu'l-Bahá in California (1912). Over 1000 pages of notes from Abdu'l-Bahá's visit to California in 1912, written between 1912-1918, some hand-written and some published in Star of the West. Includes notes by Frances Allen, Howard MacNutt, Ameen Fareed, Mirza Sohrab, et al.
  11. Ahmad Sohrab. David Merrick, ed. 'Abdu'l-Baha in Edinburgh: The Diary of Ahmad Sohrab (2008). Diary of Abdu'l-Bahá's visit to Edinburgh, January 6-10, 1913.
  12. Kurt Asplund. `Abdu'l-Bahá in Manhattan (2013). Maps of all the places visited by `Abdu'l-Bahá in 1912, from Miniature Atlas of the Borough of Manhattan in One Volume, complete with detailed descriptions of each location, quotations from people present, and excerpts from newspaper articles.
  13. Hussein Ahdieh and Hillary Chapman. 'Abdu'l-Bahá in New York (2012). History of Abdu'l-Bahá's visit, concepts and principles he spoke about, the social context of New York at the time, and personal stories of the lives of early American Bahá'ís. Includes video interview with the author, and Spanish translation.
  14. Eliane Lacroix-Hopson and Abdu'l-Bahá. 'Abdu'l-Bahá in New York: The City of the Covenant (1999). Details of 'Abdu'l-Baha's visit to New York City in 1912; his discourses and conversations.
  15. Abdu'l-Baha in New York: The City of the Covenant, April-December 1912 (1931). A record of Abdu’l-Bahá’s talks in New York, with foreword by John Herman Randall.
  16. Abdu'l-Bahá. Elizabeth Fraser Chamberlain, comp. 'Abdu'l-Bahá on Divine Philosophy (1918). An early collection of writings and talks of Abdu'l-Bahá.
  17. Muhammad Qazvini. Ahang Rabbani, trans. 'Abdu'l-Baha's Meeting with Two Prominent Iranians (1998). Muhammad Qazvini's and Siyyid Hasan Taqizadeh's descriptions of their 1911 meetings with `Abdu'l-Bahá in Paris. Preceded by a brief biography of Abdu'l-Bahá.
  18. Ahang Rabbani, comp. Abdu'l-Bahá's Year in Egypt: A Compilation of Eyewitnesses (2008). Annotated excerpts from Bahá'í News. Includes 8-page overview of Abdu'l-Bahá's visit to Egypt, his companion and diarist Ahmad Sohrab, and the trip's press coverage.
  19. Marlene Macke, comp. 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Canada: A Compilation from Written Accounts (2012). Lengthy collection of passages from the books Origins of the Bahá’í Community in Canada, Maxwells of Montreal, Mahmúd’s Diary, and Abdu’l-Bahá in Canada, the newspaper Montreal Gazette, and other sources.
  20. Ahmad Sohrab. 'Abdul Baha in Egypt: The Diary of Ahmad Sohrab (1929). A detailed record of three months of Abdu'l-Bahá's time and activities in Egypt, July-September 1913. Includes translations of his talks.
  21. Kate Carew. 'Abdul Baha Talks to Kate Carew of Things Spiritual and Mundane (1912).
  22. Marzieh Gail. Arches of the Years (1991). Early days of the Bahá'í Faith in America and of Abdu'l-Bahá's visit in 1912; Phoebe Hearst; Versailles Conference; and about Marzieh Gail herself.
  23. Stanwood Cobb. Ayesha of the Bosphorus: A Romance of Constantinople (1915). A novella combining fiction with scenes from the lives of Abdu'l-Bahá and the Bahá'ís in Haifa in the early 1900s. Includes introduction by Bei Dawud.
  24. Isaac Adams. Bab and Babism (1900). Overview of history and teachings; includes Anton Haddad's "A Message from Acca," "A Declaration to the Americans," and "Selected Precepts of El-Hak," pilgrim notes from Lua Getsinger, and letters from Mrs. Getsinger, Mrs. Kheiralla, and Mrs. Hearst.
  25. Ahang Rabbani, ed. Báb in Shiraz, The: An Account by Mírzá Habíbu'lláh Afnán (2008). Recollections of the early years of the Bab and his family, and the times following his declaration; written by a relative.
  26. Bahá'í Inspiration. Báb's Business Etiquette, The. Anecdote about how the Bab changed unseemly business practices while he was a merchant in Bushihr, as quoted by Mirza Habibu'llah Afnan.
  27. Báb, The and Nabil-i-A'zam. Báb's Farewell Address to the Letters of the Living, The (1844). The Báb's farewell speech to the Letters of the Living, extracted from Nabil-i-A'zam's The Dawn-Breakers, pp. 92-94.
  28. Ahang Rabbani, ed. Bábís of Nayriz, The: History and Documents (2006). Extensive collection of historical documents: autobiographies, narratives, genealogies and chronologies, the transition from the Bábí to the Bahá'í community, provisional translations, and a list of Bábí martyrs.
  29. Henry H. Jessup. Babites, The (1901). Sympathetic overview of Bábí and Bahá'í history, including a meeting and a detailed conversation with Abdu'l-Bahá.
  30. Walter Bryant Guy. Bahá'í Message, The (1927). A series of 16 newspaper articles summarizing Bahá'í history and teachings in "Florida's Oldest News Weekly Newspaper" by a writer who visited Abdu'l-Bahá several times between 1901-1921 and traveled extensively among the Bahá'ís in foreign lands.
  31. Maude M. Holbach. Bahá'í Movement, with Some Recollections of Meetings with Abdul Baha, The (1915). Overview of Bábí and Bahá'í history, and an account of a multi-day visit with Abdu'l-Bahá.
  32. Gandhimohan Viswanathan. Bahá'í Pilgrimage to Israel (1996). A short scholarly article accompanied by numerous photographs of sacred Bahá'í sites in the Holy Land.
  33. Cher Holt-Fortin. Bahá'í Pilgrimage, A (1998). Contemporary notes about a pilgrimage in 1998.
  34. Chris Manvell. Bahá'í Pilgrimage, A (1996). Contemporary notes and photographs of a pilgrimage in 1996.
  35. Charles Uzzell. Bahá'í Pilgrimage, A (2000). Contemporary notes about a pilgrimage in 2000, with photographs of Dr. Varga and 'Ali Akbar Furutan.
  36. Mirza Abu'l-Fadl Gulpaygani. Ali-Kuli Khan, trans. Bahá'í Proofs, The (1902). A book of history and theology composed in America, in which Gulpaygani gives an exposition of the Faith from a Christian point of view. Until Esslemont's Bahá'u'lláh and the New Era, it was a standard Bahá'í textbook. Persian original included.
  37. Mary L. Lucas. Brief Account of My Visit to Acca, A (1905). Detailed notes of a visit to Haifa, January-February 1905, and Abdu'l-Bahá's interpretations of several passages from the Bible.
  38. Stanwood Cobb. Character: A Sequence in Spiritual Psychology (1938). A spiritual autobiography; scientific and religious foundations for character; self-development; the law of duty; altruism and selflessness; progress. Includes discussion of two days spent with Abdu'l-Bahá in 1908.
  39. Lady Sarah Louisa Blomfield. Chosen Highway, The (1940). Oral Bahá'í histories collected by an eminent early English Bahá'í, first published in 1940.
  40. Jack McLean. Confessions of a Child of the Half-Light (2022). Philosophical essays; recollections of 'Abdu'l-Bahá by Laura Dreyfus Barney, Curtis Kelsey, and other Europeans; recollections of Shoghi Effendi by ten individuals; dreams and visions; eulogies of the author's parents; travel teaching across Russia.
  41. May Maxwell. Conversations with Shoghi Effendi (1924). A set of informal notes taken by Maxwell at Haifa in 1924, and "reproduced for the information of the Bahá'í friends with the permission of the National Spiritual Assembly."
  42. Aziz'u'llah Azizi. Nahzy Abadi Buck, trans. Crown of Glory: Memoirs of Jinab-i-Aziz'u'llah Azizi (1991). Autobiography of Jináb-i-Azízí, "the Tailor," a companion of 'Abdu'l-Bahá who travelled with the Master to London and Paris, and also met with Shoghi Effendi. Includes photographs, and provisional translations of several Tablets.
  43. Helen S. Goodall and Ella Goodall Cooper. Daily Lessons Received at Akka: January 1908 (1979). Includes translations of three Tablets of Abdu'l-Bahá.
  44. Ahmad Sohrab. Diary of Ahmad Sohrab, The: Diary Letters and Notes (1913). Letters from Abdu'l-Bahá's secretary during His travels to North America, written July 1913 - Oct 1914.
  45. Juliet Thompson and Marzieh Gail. Diary of Juliet Thompson (1983). Experiences in the life of Juliet Thompson, a prominent early Bahá'í and friend of Abdu'l-Bahá. Includes preface by Marzieh Gail.
  46. Ruhaniyyih Ruth Moffett. Dynamics of Prayer (1973). Pilgrims note from the words of Shoghi Effendi about "five steps" for prayer and action (from 1954), followed by explanatory notes from the Universal House of Justice (from 1978).
  47. Ruhiyyih (Mary Maxwell) Khanum. David Merrick. Eagle and Pillar over Shoghi Effendi's resting place, and his visits to Scotland (1981). Transcript of Ruhiyyih Khanum talking about Shoghi Effendi's visits to Scotland and how the pillar and eagle came to be over his resting place
  48. May Maxwell. Early Pilgrimage, An (1917). Notes from an 1898 pilgrimage by the mother of Ruhiyyih Khanum, published in 1917 and reprinted in 1953.
  49. Ruhiyyih (Mary Maxwell) Khanum and Ann Boylan et al. "Easy Familiarity," Explanations of (1912). Statements on displays of affection (hugging and kissing) between members of the opposite sex. Also questions on assembly infallibility, and whether one with a minority opinion should vote against his conscience.
  50. Emma Maxie Jones, comp. Emma Maxwell (Maxie) Jones Collection (1907). 64 documents collected by Maxie Jones covering a wide variety of topics and sources: pilgrims' notes, letters of Shoghi Effendi, convention reports, Tablets, hymns, compilations, talks of Ruhiyyih Khanum, personal letters of early Bahá'ís.
  51. Duane L. Herrmann. Encounter, The (2016). A slightly fictionalized account of a visit to the Shrine of the Bab in the Holy Land.
  52. Munirih Khanum. Ahmad Sohrab, trans. Episodes in the Life of Munirih Khanum (1924). A short autobiography by the wife of 'Abdu'l-Bahá; early draft of Munirih Khanum: Memoirs and Letters.
  53. Mirza Badi'u'llah. Ameen Ullah Fareed, trans. Epistle to the Bahá'í World, An (1907). Letter from the half-brother of `Abdu'l-Bahá about Badi'u'llah's exit from, return to, and then exit again from the Bahá'í Faith.
  54. Bernard Leach and Lucy Marshall. Excerpts from a letter from Bernard Leach after his visit to Haifa (1954). Brief impressions of the Bahá'í Shrines and of Shoghi Effendi; the coming of the Lesser Peace.
  55. Alice Dudley. Excerpts of Notes during Pilgrimage to Haifa (1957). Excerpts of notes by Alice Dudley of Orleans, France, during pilgrimage to Haifa April 15-23, 1957.
  56. Aline Shane-Devin. Extracts from Notes Taken at Acca (1907). [needs abstract]
  57. Sophie Loeding. Eyewitness Impression of the Dedication (1972). Brief recollections of Abdu'l-Bahá on the occasion of the dedication of the Wilmette temple, May 1, 1912.
  58. Gloria A. Faizi. Fire on the Mountain-Top (1973). A collection of stories about early members of the Bahá’í Faith, based on accounts gathered in Persia by 'Azizu'llah Sulaymani.
  59. William Sears and Robert Quigley. Flame, The: The Story of Lua (1972). Biography of Lua Moore Getsinger (1871-1916), "mother-teacher of the American Bahá'í community," one of the earliest pilgrims from the West to meet 'Abdu'l-Bahá.
  60. Ida A. Finch and Fanny Alma Knobloch et al. Flowers Culled from the Rose Garden of Acca (1908). Lengthy notes of talks with three visitors, taken November 7-13, 1908.
  61. Abu'l-Qasim Faizi. Flowers to `Akká (1969). Some history of Sayessan, a Bahá'í village near Tabriz; of Mullá Asad’u’lláh, who prophesied the coming of the Bab; of Bahá'u'lláh's gift of seed potatoes; and Sayessani pilgrims travelling to Akka to meet Abdu'l-Bahá. Includes pictures.
  62. Marie A. Watson. Fourth Dimensional Consciousness (1921). (Alleged) words of Abdu'l-Bahá, taken from notes from a pilgrimage to Haifa in 1921.
  63. Mirza Habibu'llah Afnan. Ahang Rabbani, ed. Genesis of the Bábí-Bahá'í Faiths in Shíráz and Fárs, The (2008). Detailed account of the early years of the Bab, events of the 1880s and 1890s, the Constitutional Revolution years, and appendices for the study of the Bahá'í community in Shíráz.
  64. Gertrude Bell. Gertrude Bell Archive, excerpts (1902). A British writer and archeologist, Bell traveled throughout the Middle East from 1899-1926. During this time she made several trips to Haifa and Akka, meeting Abdu'l-Bahá, and entering the Shrine of Bahá'u'lláh. She also took a number of photos of Akka.
  65. Alice R. Beede. Glimpse of Abdu'l-Bahá in Paris (1912). Short account of a brief meeting in Paris, and brief speech by Abdu'l-Bahá.
  66. Annamarie K. Honnold. Glimpses of Early Bahá'í Pilgrimages (1972). Discussion of early pilgrimages based on the resulting pilgrim's notes. Includes text from a variety of memoirs.
  67. Lady Mary (Leonora Woulfe) Sheil. Glimpses of Life and Manners in Persia: With Notes on Russia, Koords, Toorkomans, Nestorians, Khiva, and Persia (1856). Considered first travel book on Persia by a woman. Of particular interest to Bahá'ís are her accounts on Babism (Babeeism) and the Bab.
  68. Haruma Hirabayashi, ed. Group Pilgrimage in Commemoration of the Centenary of the Baha'i Faith in Japan (2015). Brief notes by four participants from a contemporary visit by Japanese Bahá'ís to the Holy Land in honor of 100 years of the Faith in Japan.
  69. Valera Allen and John Allen. Haifa Impressions (1954). Notes from a pilgrimage in December, 1954.
  70. Ramona Brown. Haifa Notes (1954). Notes from a pilgrimage in 1954.
  71. Clara Edge. Haifa Notes (1954). Notes by the author of the biographical novel Tahirih, taken during her visit to Haifa in 1954.
  72. Gayle Woolson. Haifa Notes (1956). Notes from a pilgrimage in 1956.
  73. Artemus Lamb. Haifa Notes (1953). Notes of a 5-day visit with the Guardian, by a pioneer to South America.
  74. May Maxwell and Ruhiyyih (Mary Maxwell) Khanum. Haifa Notes of Shoghi Effendi's Word: Volumes 1 and 2 (1937). Transcriptions of talks given by Shoghi Effendi by May Maxwell and Ruhiyyih Khanum, taken during their pilgrimage in 1937.
  75. Keith Ransom-Kehler and Lorol Schopflocher. Haifa Talks (1932). Two slightly different versions of these notes. Includes introduction by R. Jackson Armstrong-Ingram.
  76. Bill Washington. Hands of the Cause of God: Personal Recollections (2014). Recollections of A.Q. Faizi, A.A. Furútan, Clara Dunn, Rúhíyyih Khánum, Ugo Giachery, Leroy Ioas, Enoch Olinga, Rahmátu’lláh Muhajir, Bill Sears, Agnes Alexander, John Robarts, Collis Featherstone, and Jalal Khazeh.
  77. Jack McLean. Heart is a Little Bird that Longs to Soar, The: Impressions of Pilgrimage in Haifa, Bahji and Akká in the Days of the Universal House of Justice (2007). Short notes from a contemporary pilgrimage, and comparison with pilgrims' visits in the past.
  78. Charles Haney and Mariam Haney. Heavenly Feast, A: Some Utterances of Abdul-Baha to Two American Pilgrims in Acca, Syria (1909). Notes taken verbatim stenographically by Mariam Haney, from interpreter Dr Ameen U Fareed, during nine days in Akka.
  79. Louise G. Gregory and Abdu'l-Bahá. Heavenly Vista, A: The Pilgrimage of Louis G. Gregory (1911). The journal of Gregory's visit to 'Abdu'l-Bahá in 1911, including statements of 'Abdu'l-Bahá, stories of the believers in the Holy Land, and Gregory's experiences at the Shrines. Followed by a selection of tablets of 'Abdu'l-Bahá addressed to him.
  80. Ahmad Sohrab. Historical Context for the Prayer 'O God! Refresh and Gladden My Spirit...': Extract from the Diary of Ahmad Sohrab (1914). Two page excerpt from the diary, dated May 9 1914, responding to these questions: what should Bahá'ís expect to accomplish; the origin of evil; the purpose of one's life; the Golden Age; what is hell; what are Bahá'u'lláh's objectives.
  81. Hadi Rahmani Shirazi. Khazeh Fananapazir, trans. How Parrots Are Taught to Speak (2010). An experience of Muhammad Quli Khan Nakha’ee, who went on pilgrimage to meet Bahá’u’lláh.
  82. Arthur S. Agnew and Thornton Chase. In Galilee and In Wonderland (1985). Two essays of a pilgrimage to Akka in 1907.
  83. Roy Wilhelm and Stanwood Cobb et al. In His Presence: Visits to 'Abdu'l-Bahá (1989). Re-publication of Wilhelm's Knock and It Shall Be Opened Unto You (1908), Cobb's Memories of 'Abdu'l-Bahá (1962), and Coy's A Week in 'Abdu'l-Bahá's Home (1921). Text missing quotation marks.
  84. Beth McKenty. In Memory of Grace Anderson (1974). Memories of an early Bahá'í from Kenosha, Wisconsin, who met Abdu'l-Bahá.
  85. National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of the United Kingdom. In the Footsteps of 'Abdu'l-Bahá: The Master in the British Isles 1911 (2011). A collection of extracts from the Writings, pilgrims' notes, and newspapers summarizing Abdu'l-Bahá's first visit to the United Kingdom, prepared by the NSA of the United Kingdom for centenary observations.
  86. Sandra Lynn Hutchison. In the Noble, Sacred Place: One Rainy Day in a Holy City (2021). A memoir of visiting Jerusalem — a contemporary pilgrim's note written as a literary piece — with meditations on the spiritual truths of the Qur'an.
  87. Anna Grossmann and Elsa Grossmann. In the Presence of Shoghi Effendi in Haifa in April 1937 (1937). [needs abstract]
  88. Inayat Khan. Inayat Khan's meeting with 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Paris (1913). One-paragraph recounting of Khan, the founder of "Universal Sufism," meeting with Abdu'l-Bahá in 1913.
  89. Sylvia Ioas. Interview of Sachiro Fujita (1975). Interview of Fugita-san by Sylvia Ioas during John McHenry's pilgrimage in December, 1975 at McHenry's request.
  90. Mary Hanford Ford. Interview with 'Abdu'l-Bahá, An (1933).
  91. E. G. Browne. Introduction: A Traveller's Narrative Written to Illustrate the Episode of the Báb (1891). Overview of Browne's early research into the Bábís and his collecting their historical materials; autobiographical summary of part of his career; impressions of Bahá'u'lláh and Abdu'l-Bahá.
  92. Abdu'l-Bahá. Ios, the Shepherd Boy: Some Parables Concerning the Laws of the Spiritual Life (1922). Five short stories by Abdu'l-Bahá told to Lua Getzinger, as recalled by May Maxwell, illustrating the spiritual life.
  93. Robert Gregory Shaw. Julia's Journey: A Life Illumined by the Light of Akká (2023). A brief record of the background of Julia M. Grundy and her lifelong services to the Faith following a 1905 pilgrimage, based on genealogical and internet sources, with extracts from her pilgrim notes relating to personal encounters with 'Abdu'l-Baha.
  94. Emogene Hoagg. Letter from Haifa in the Time of Mourning, 1922: from Emogene Hoagg to Nelly French (1971). The commemoration of 'Abdu'l-Baha's passing and the first pubic reading of his Will, including the appontment of Shoghi Effendi.
  95. Josephina Fallscheer. Richard Grosser, trans. Letter to Frau Alice Schwarz-Solivo of a Talk by Abdu'l-Baha (1933). On the 'freedom of will', inheritance and instinct.
  96. Ruhiyyih (Mary Maxwell) Khanum. Letter to John B. Cornell (1943). Short personal letter relating answers from Shoghi Effendi to various questions of Cornell, on voting age, the election of the House, the "Source of all knowledge," etc.
  97. Anna Grossmann. Lili Hermann, trans. Letter to Lili Hermann re Abdu'l-Bahá envisioning a break in the line of Guardians (1958). From letter written by Frau Anna Grossmann (wife of Hermann Grossmann, Hand of the Cause and member German-Austrian NSA) to Mrs. Lili Olitaki Hermann, pioneer in Salzburg, June 5, 1958.
  98. May Woodcock and A.M. Bryant. Letter to Mrs A.M. Bryant re interment of the remains of The Bab on Mt. Carmel (1909). Brief description of the interment of the remains of the Bab on Mt. Carmel on 21 March 1909.
  99. Josephina Fallscheer. Steven Phelps, ed. Letter to Mrs. A. Schwarz, Stuttgart (1910). Philosophic conversations of the Master with a French consular official. The nineteenth letter from Dr. Fallscheer to Schwarz.
  100. Mirza Abu'l-Fadl Gulpaygani. Juan Cole, trans. Letters and Essays, 1886-1913 (1985). Treatises of "the greatest and most learned of all Bahá'í scholars" about Alexander Tumansky; on meeting Abdu'l-Bahá; and on the meaning of angels, resurrection, civilization, tests, angels, holy spirit, and the saying "Knowledge is twenty-seven letters."
  101. Jessie Revell. Letters from Jessie Revell (1952). Two letters, from Shoghi Effendi's secretary at the time, to believers in the United States.
  102. Myron Henry Phelps and Bahiyyih Khanum. Life and Teachings of Abbas Effendi (1903). Abdu'l-Bahá's life, as told by his sister Bahiyyih Khanum in 1903, with additional experiences by Myron Phelps.
  103. Ahang Rabbani, trans. Lifetime with 'Abdu'l-Bahá, A: Reminiscences of Khalíl Shahídí (2008). Extensive recollections of four decades with the Holy Family in the time of Abdu'l-Bahá and Shoghi Effendi. Includes appendices on the next Manifestation, Bahá'í holy days, avoidance of tobacco, penmanship, and observations on daily life of the time.
  104. E. S. (Ethel Stefana) Stevens. Light in the Lantern, The (1911). Sympathetic outsider's overview of Bahá'í history and its spread through the Western world. Includes the author's impressions of Abdu'l-Bahá, whom she calls "The Effendi." Text and page scans, illustrated.
  105. George Orr Latimer. Light of the World, The (1920). A book chronicling Latimer's time in the Holy Land; includes words of Abdu'l-Bahá.
  106. Amine De Mille. Lua Getsinger: Herald of the Covenant (1971). Biography of Getsinger, with recollections of Abdu'l-Bahá.
  107. Abdu'l-Bahá and Mirza Mahmud-i-Zarqani. Mohi Sobhani, trans. Mahmúd's Diary: The Diary of Mírzá Mahmúd-i-Zarqání Chronicling 'Abdu'l-Bahá's Journey to America (1998). Extensive account of the 1912 travels of Abdu'l-Bahá in the West.
  108. Ahang Rabbani. Martyrdom of Hájí Muhammad-Ridá: 19 Historical Accounts (2007). Accounts of the 1889 martyrdom of Haji Muhammad Rida Isfahani in Ashgabat (Ashkhabad) in Russian Turkestan.
  109. Frances Bradford Jones Edelstein. Memoirs of Frances Bradford Jones Edelstein (1999). Memoirs of the first pioneer to Famagusta (as requested by Shoghi Effendi to pioneer from the City of the Covenant to the City of the Arch-Breaker of the Covenant), and pilgrim to Haifa in December 1953. First written June 1985, completed April 1999.
  110. Nora Crossley. Memoirs of Nora Crossley (1893-1977) (1921). Autobiography of an early British Bahá'í, known for cutting her famous hair to help fundraise for the Chicago temple. Includes two Tablets of Abdu'l-Bahá, one to Crossley and one mentioning her and praising her "self-sacrifice."
  111. William Sears and Corinne True. Memories: Bill Sears interviews Mrs. True (1951). Stories starting from 1907 in Haifa.
  112. Ali M. Yazdi. Memories of 'Abdu'l-Bahá (1986). Recollections by a prominent Iranian-American Bahá'í.
  113. Stanwood Cobb. Memories of 'Abdu'l-Bahá (1962). Recollections by eminent American Bahá'í author Cobb (1881–1982).
  114. Youness Khan Afroukhteh. Riaz Masrour, trans. Memories of Nine Years in Akka (1952). Translation of Khatirát-i-Nuh-Saliy-i-‘Akká, the memoirs of Dr. Yúnis Afrukhtih, who served ‘Abdu’l-Bahá as secretary and interpreter from 1900-1909. Includes discussion of the history of Covenant-breaking.
  115. Hiroyasu Takano. Sheridan Sims, ed. Memories of Talks with the Guardian (2016). Memories of a pilgrimage in 1954. Takano was the only Japanese Bahá'í other than Saichiro Fujita to meet the Guardian.
  116. Ahang Rabbani, ed. Memories of the Báb, Bahá'u'lláh and 'Abdu'l-Bahá: Memoirs of Mírzá Habíbu'lláh Afnán (2005). Autobiography of a close confidant of the holy family. Includes appendices on Bahá'í historical places in Shiraz, the Afnán family genealogy, and excerpts from Houshmand Fatheazam’s diary
  117. Lady Sarah Louisa Blomfield. Memories of the Sojourn of 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Paris (1937). Memoir of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá’s four-month stay in Paris in 1911. Notes taken by the author's daughters were later published as the book Paris Talks.
  118. Anton Haddad. Message from Acca (1900). A lengthy report of Abdu'l-Bahá's teachings to the Bahá'ís in America. Can be seen as a precursor to Tablets of the Divine Plan.
  119. Ali-Akbar Furutan. Message of the World Spiritual Crusade received from the Guardian (1953). Notes taken by Furútan in the early years of the 10-year plan (1953-63) and distributed at the request of Shoghi Effendi.
  120. Justin Penoyer. Mortensen, Fred (2007). Three biographies of an American who met Abdu'l-Bahá, by his great-grandson.
  121. Muriel Ives Barrow Newhall. Mother's Stories: Recollections of Abdu'l-Bahá (1998). Stories of Abdu'l-Bahá and early Bahá'ís told by Muriel Ives Barrow Newhall (1897-1984), daughter of Howard Colby Ives and Elizabeth Church Hoyt.
  122. Munirih Khanum. Sammireh Anwar Smith, trans. Munirih Khanum: Memoirs and Letters (1986). Autobiography of Khanum (1847-1938), the wife of Abdu'l-Bahá. Includes the arrangements for her marriage, her travel to Akka, her time with the wife of the Bab, and memorial letters written on the anniversaries of the passing of Abdu'l-Bahá.
  123. Jack McLean. My Interview with Laura Dreyfus-Barney (2007). Brief interview with the compiler of Some Answered Questions, conducted in Paris in 1967.
  124. Ustad Muhammad-'Ali Salmani. My Memories of Baha'u'llah (1982). Memories of one of Baha'u'llah's companions during his exile.
  125. Marie A. Watson. My Pilgrimage to the Land of Desire (1932). Account of a pilgrimage to Haifa to visit Abdu'l-Bahá in July–August 1921.
  126. Margaret B. Peeke. My Visit to Abbas-Effendi in 1899 (1911). Visit to Abdu'l-Bahá in 1899 by an American mystical author who subsequently became a Bahá'í.
  127. Louise Bosch. Night of the Passing of 'Abdu'l-Baha (1921). Part of a letter written by Bosch to her friends in the San Francisco Bay area recounting the night the Master passed away.
  128. Amelia Collins. Notes from a Talk about Visiting Haifa (n.d.). Notes taken from a talk given by Collins about her months visit in Haifa, on obligatory prayers, the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, alcohol, Judaism, persecution, and Ruhiyyih Khanum ("...we all like to hear something of the wife of Shoghi Effendi").
  129. Ethel J. Rosenberg. Notes of Miss Ethel Rosenberg of London England, taken in Acca, January 1909 (1909). Includes a short unrelated letter, a "postscript to the letter of Miss Harriet M. Wise" by Reunion Morattebe and Mirza Anayatullah Isfahani, which was typed on page 2 of Rosenberg's notes and has been retained for the sake of completeness.
  130. Agnes Baldwin Alexander. Notes of Shoghi Effendi's Words (1937). Notes from the dinner table in Haifa, May 11 1937, taken before Alexander's departure the following day.
  131. Edith McLaren. Notes of the Pilgrimage of Edith McLaren (1954). Notes of a pilgrimage May 2-10, 1954.
  132. Sara M. Kenny. Notes on 1954 Pilgrimage (1954). Notes from Kenny (1900-1968), Knight of Bahá'u'lláh to Medeira.
  133. Alice Dudley. Notes on Pilgrimage to Haifa: April 15-23, 1957 (1957). Notes on a pilgrimage in 1957.
  134. Alice Dudley. Thellie Lovejoy, comp. Notes on Pilgrimage to Haifa: Parallel edition of five manuscripts (1997). Multiple manuscripts of Dudley's notes of a pilgrimage in 1957, and a case study in how much different manuscripts of Pilgrim's Notes can differ.
  135. Mabel Hyde Paine. Notes on Shoghi Effendi's Table Talk (1931). Notes from a pilgrimage in 1931.
  136. Ethel J. Rosenberg. Notes on St. John as explained by Our Lord (1901). Extracts from Rosenberg's pilgrim notes, taken in Haifa February-March 1901.
  137. Virginia Orbison. Notes on Words of the Guardian (1956). Ten pages of notes, preserved as an appendix to Orbison's lengthy manuscript "Diary of a Pilgrimage to the Holy Land, Made by Virginia Orbison, January 15 to February 11".
  138. Agnes Baldwin Alexander. Notes Taken in the Presence of Shoghi Effendi (1937). Notes from a pilgrimage in spring, 1937. Two editions of the notes are presented in parallel.
  139. Charles Mason Remey. Observations of a Bahá'í Traveller, 1908 (1914). An account of travels among some Bahá'ís in Egypt, Israel, and Persia in 1908, written at the suggestion of Abdu'l-Bahá.
  140. Paul Mantle. One Life, One Memory, by Rúhá Asdáq: Review (2016).
  141. Thelma Batchelor. Opening of the Terraces (May 2001), The: Reflections of a Participant (2001). Contemporary pilgrim's note from May 20-26, 2001, witnessing the historic completion of the Arc project.
  142. Elmer Beasley and Gladys Beasley. Our Pilgrimage to Haifa (1957). Notes from a pilgrimage in 1956.
  143. Viola Tuttle and Margarite Ioas Ullrich et al. Part of the Baha'i History of the Family of Charles and Maria Ioas (1978). Biographies of Charles and Maria: from his birth in 1859, their introduction to the Faith in 1898, experiences with 'Abdu'l-Bahá in 1912, and four Tablets from 'Abdu'l-Bahá.
  144. Ruhiyyih (Mary Maxwell) Khanum and John Ferraby. Passing of Shoghi Effendi, The: 1896-1957 (1958). Detailed account of the final days of the life of the Guardian.
  145. Juliet Thompson. Persian Reformer's View of Art, A (1917). Personal recollections of Abdu'l-Bahá's words on art and inspiration. Includes the portrait Thompson painted of Abdu'l-Bahá.
  146. Hooper Harris. Pilgrim Letter of Hooper Harris to Mr. Hoar (1907). Letter from a pilgrim to a friend back home in America, giving impressions of Akka and of Abdu'l-Bahá.
  147. Myron Henry Phelps. Pilgrim Notes (1917). Notes taken by Phelps during his second visit to Acca, 1917, from the words of Abdul-Baha.
  148. Isobel Sabri. Pilgrim Notes Recorded after the Nightly Dinner-table Talks of the Beloved Guardian, Shoghi Effendi (1957). Table-talk notes from April 19-28 1957.
  149. Muhammad-'Ali Faydi. Adib Masumian, trans. Pilgrim's Note of 'Abdu'l-Bahá's Words, A: "Love, love, love. Love attracts the hearts, love captivates the souls…" (1920). The importance of love in teaching the Faith, urging believers to demonstrate love through deeds and conduct.
  150. Anonymous. Pilgrim's Notes (1953). Anonymous notes from January 1953.
  151. Nellie French. Pilgrim's Notes (1952). Notes from a pilgrimage in 1952.
  152. Ben Levy. Pilgrim's Notes (1953). Notes from a pilgrimage March 9-16, 1953.
  153. William Allison and Thelma W. Allison. Pilgrim's Notes (1957). Notes from a 1957 pilgrimage; Allison was one of the last Bahá'ís to visit the Guardian in Haifa.
  154. Ramona Brown. Pilgrim's notes about Shoghi Effendi (1980). Notes from a pilgrimage in 1954.
  155. Beatrice Ashton. Pilgrim's Notes on Teaching and Administration, A (1952). Statements made to the National Spiritual Assembly after Ashton's return from pilgrimage to Haifa, which ties the Tablet of Carmel to the Guardianship.
  156. LeRoy Jones. Pilgrimage: Notes by LeRoy Jones (1998). Contemporary notes from a 1975 pilgrimage.
  157. William Sears. Pilgrimage to Haifa and Akka: Parts Two-Three (1954). Notes on his pilgrimage in 1954 by American Baha'i and pioneer (and later Hand of the Cause) William Sears.
  158. Bahiyyih Randall Winckler. Pilgrimage to Haifa, November 1919, A (1941). Winckler's parents were Bahá'ís; she met 'Abdu'l-Bahá during his visit to America when He visited her mother in 1912, and was bestowed the name Bahiyyih when she went on pilgrimage in 1919 at age twelve.
  159. Marguerite R. Sears. Pilgrims Notes (1953). Pilgrimage to Haifa, Israel, February 26 to March 9, 1953.
  160. Abdu'l-Bahá and Shoghi Effendi et al. Pilgrims' Notes (1988).
  161. Various. Pilgrims' Notes from U.S. Archives (1898). Pilgrim notes from the U.S. Bahá'í National Archives, organized by year, 1898-1959, unsorted, in 60 PDF and TIF files.
  162. Pilgrims' Notes, Status of. "Pilgrims' Notes" are unofficial records of meetings with central figures of the Bahá'í Faith, like 'Abdu'l-Bahá and Shoghi Effendi. They may contain inaccuracies, and are not considered authentic, but can be of help, guidance and inspiration.
  163. Howard Colby Ives. Portals to Freedom (1983). A collection of anecdotes and history of Abdu'l-Bahá's travels to the United States, as told by one observer.
  164. Youness Khan Afroukhteh. Ismael Velasco, comp. Portrait of Abdu'l-Bahá: Selections From Memories of Nine Years in Akká (2006). Habits of ‘Abdu’l-Bahá in His daily tasks and services, his concentration, the way he revealed verses, his manner of speaking, his bearing, interactions with governments, his burdens and tasks, and his love and generosity.
  165. Edward C. Getsinger and Lua Getsinger et al. Prayers, Tablets, Instructions and Miscellany: Gathered by American Visitors to the Holy City During the Summer of 1900 (1900). Around the time of Kheiralla's defection, Abdu'l-Bahá selected some texts on the Covenant which, along with pilgrim's notes of the second party of American Bahá'ís to visit Akka, were translated and published as this book.
  166. Ruhiyyih (Mary Maxwell) Khanum. Priceless Pearl, The (1969). The classic biography of The Guardian, written by his wife.
  167. Anna Kunz. Questions about Science and Religion: Interviews with Abdul Baha at Tiberias and Haifa (1922). Questions asked of Abdu'l-Bahá by two Christians visiting Haifa in 1921.
  168. Mirra Alfassa. Questions and Answers 1950-51 (1951). Recollections of Abdu'l-Bahá speaking about sacrifice and suffering by a leading spiritual collaborator of Sri Aurobindo.
  169. Ruhiyyih (Mary Maxwell) Khanum. Quote from Ruhiyyih Khanum to Mrs. J.E. Bolles (1953). One short note about the "urgency of this particular time in history," from Ruhiyyih Khanum to Mrs. J.E. Bolles, contained in a letter from Agnes Alexander to "Lucy," June, 1953.
  170. William Copeland Dodge. Recollection of Visits with 'Abdul-Baha (1959). Travels in Akka and meetings with Abdu'l-Bahá November 16 - December 4 1901 at his house in Akka, and in 1912 in New York, recounted by the son of Arthur Pillsbury Dodge.
  171. Olivia Kelsey. Recollections of My Pilgrimage to the Holy Land and Meeting the Beloved Guardian, The (1954). Notes of a pilgrimage in 1954.
  172. Bill Washington. Recollections of Pilgrimage: Nine Days with the Guardian in 1957 (2014). Lengthy account of 9 days in the Holy Land. Appendixes include list of items in the Archives, stories told by other pilgrims, and discussion of the Ten-Year Plan.
  173. Edward C. Getsinger. Reincarnation, The Return, and the "Cycle of Life" Chart (1916). The concepts Reincarnation and Return in the context of pilgrims' recollections of the words of 'Abdul-Baha, with tablets translated by Ali Kuli Khan, and on Lua Getsinger's "Spiritual Evolution" chart.
  174. Vivian Fellows. Remarks to Pilgrims to Haifa by Shoghi Effendi (n.d.). Six short, undated quotations.
  175. John Robarts and Zikrullah Khadem et al. Reminiscences of Shoghi Effendi (1984).
  176. Christopher Buck and Youli A. Ioannesyan. Scholar Meets Prophet: Edward Granville Browne and Bahá'u'lláh (Acre, 1890) (2018). Details of E.G. Browne's handwritten notes about his meeting with Bahá'u'lláh, his stay in Akka in April 1890, and his correspondence with Russian academics.
  177. Marcus Bach. Shoghi Effendi (1957). Dr. Bach set out to meet the five people of his time whom he felt best exemplified the teachings of Jesus Christ. He travelled the world to pursue this aim, interviewing Helen Keller, Pope Pius XII, Albert Schweitzer, Therese Neumann, and Shoghi Effendi.
  178. Ugo Giachery. Shoghi Effendi: Recollections (1973). Biography of Shoghi Effendi from the close standpoint of the author's personal experiences.
  179. Ugo Giachery. Shoghi Effendi on the Book of Certitude (1973). Brief pilgrims' note with some interesting comments on the Kitab-i-Iqan.
  180. Emeric Sala. Shoghi Effendi's Question (1983). Recollections of Sala (1906-1990) on Shoghi Effendi discussing the meaning of the World Order of Bahá'u'lláh. Includes audio version.
  181. Star of the West: Complete issues (1910). Star of the West was a US Bahá’í newsletter published between 1910 and 1935.
  182. Albert R. Windust, ed. Star of the West Volume 1 (1910).
  183. Mike Thomas, comp. Star of the West Extracts (1910). Lengthy, annotated compilation of the writings and talks of Abdu'l-Bahá from Star of the West which are not readily available elsewhere. Includes pilgrim's notes, historical records, and reports relating to Abdu'l-Bahá.
  184. Haji Mirza Haydar-Ali. Abu'l-Qasim Faizi, trans. Stories from The Delight of Hearts: The Memoirs of Hájí Mírzá Haydar-'Alí (1980). Anecdotes and history, a personal glimpse of the Middle East in the 19th century, as told by a follower of Bahá'u'lláh and companion of Abdu'l-Bahá.
  185. Curtis Kelsey. Stories of 'Abdul-Baha and the Guardian (1957). Kelsey was serving in Haifa when 'Abdu'l-Bahá passed away. These are his recollections and stories of his time with Abdu'l-Bahá and Shoghi Effendi.
  186. Marzieh Gail. Summon Up Remembrance (1987). Memoir left by Ali-Kuli Khan, one of the first translators of Bahá'í Writings; writings of his wife Florence; other family papers and memories.
  187. Lorol Schopflocher. Sunburst (1937). Autobiography of the life story, and travels on behalf of the Bahá'í Faith, of prominent socialite and wife of the Hand of the Cause of God Siegfried Schopflocher. (Author name misspelled as Shofflocher.)
  188. Aziz Rohani, comp. Sweet and Enchanting Stories (2005). Stories and memoirs by and about ‘Abdu’l-Baha, Mirza Haydar ‘Ali, Zia Baghdadi, ‘Ali Akbar Furutan, Adib Tahirzadih, Abul-Qasim Faizi, and other loved and historic figures.
  189. Corinne True and Mirza Hadi. Ameen Ullah Fareed, trans. Table Talks and Notes Taken at Acca (1907). Notes of a pilgrimage in 1907, and Abdu'l-Bahá's answers to questions posed by True, published as a book.
  190. Arthur S. Agnew. Table Talks at Acca (1907). Description of his visit to 'Abdu'l-Bahá in Akká in 1907 by an early American Bahá'í.
  191. George F. Winterburn and Rosa V. Winterburn. Youness Khan Afroukhteh, trans. Table Talks with Abdu'l-Baha (1908). Lengthy notes taken in February 1904, published as a 32-page book in July 1908 at the request of Thornton Chase.
  192. Dorothy Baker. Talk at U.S. Bahá'í National Convention (1953). Reflections on pilgrimage and the Guardian.
  193. Abdu'l-Bahá. Talk Given by Abdu'l-Baha to Theosophists at Marseille (2017). Text of a talk on materialism and philosophy, adapted from a newspaper article.
  194. Julia M. Grundy. Ten Days in the Light of Akka (1907). A lengthy recollection of conversations with Abdu'l-Bahá and notes of his lectures.
  195. Ruhiyyih (Mary Maxwell) Khanum. Twenty-Five Years of the Guardianship (1948). An early account of Shoghi Effendi's ministry, written by his wife while he was still alive.
  196. Nureddin Mumtazi. Sheridan Sims, ed. Twin Pilgrimages of Núru'd-Dín Mumtází (2015). Accounts of Nureddin Momtazi's pilgrimages in 1920 and 1955-56. Includes foreword and numerous notes, both covering much history and context. Documents reviewed and annotated by multiple members of Momtazi's family.
  197. Valera Allen and Charlotte Linfoot. Two brief pilgrims' notes (1954). Brief notes on (1) the infallibility of the Guardian in his choice of successor an (2) atomic energy.
  198. Mrs. Rollins and Mrs. McCormick. Two Statements from the Guardian (n.d.). Two short comments of Shoghi Effendi, from a personal conversation.
  199. Thomas Breakwell and Isabella D. Brittingham et al. Utterances of Abdu'l-Baha to Thomas Breakwell, Herbert Hopper, and Isabella D. Brittingham (1901). Message to the believers in America, on the nature of evil, on universal language, on the number 9, and a conversation with Abu'l-Qasim, the gardener of the Ridvan.
  200. Abdu'l-Bahá. Utterances of Abdul Beha Abas to Two Young Men, American Pilgrims to Acre (1901). Talks to pilgrims William Copeland Dodge and Wendall Dodge in Akka, November-December, 1901, published as a 24-page booklet.
  201. Annamarie K. Honnold, comp. Vignettes from the Life of 'Abdu'l-Baha (1982). Compilation of inspiring anecdotes pertaining to the Bahá'í way of life as demonstrated by ‘Abdu’l-Bahá, the perfect Exemplar of Bahá'u'lláh's teachings, whose words and deeds were in total harmony and whose life serves as an example for all.
  202. Guy Murchie. Visit to Persia, A (1965). Notes from travels to Bahá'í holy places in Iran in 1964, on a trip made with special permission from the House of Justice; includes descriptions of the architecture of the house and shop of the Bab, the birthplace of Bahá'u'lláh, and the Síyáh Chál.
  203. Ruhaniyyih Ruth Moffett. Visiting the Bahá'í World Centre (1954). Detailed memories of Ruth Moffett's visit to the Baha'i World Centre in 1954; words of Shoghi Effendi; travel teaching in Europe; questions of authenticity.
  204. Genevieve L. Coy and Cora Grey et al. Week in Abdu'l-Baha's Home, A (1921). Notes of a pilgrimage by Mabel Paine, Sylvia Paine, Cora Grey and Genevieve L. Coy in 1920, published as a series in 4 parts in 3 issues of Star of the West.
  205. Jack McLean. What A Young Man Learned from Laura Rumney Davis about Shoghi Effendi (2007). Interview with Laura Davis, "The Mother of the Toronto Bahá’í Community," and some recollections of the Guardian.
  206. Jack McLean. What Stanwood Cobb Told Me about 'Abdu'l-Bahá (2007). Reflections on Cobb's life and his recollections of Abdu'l-Bahá, partly based on two personal interviews.
  207. Mirza `Isa Khan Isfahani. Ahang Rabbani, trans. With Abdu'l-Bahá: The Diary of Mirza 'Isa Khan Isfahani (2008). Account of a visit to Haifa, December 1919 - January 1920, by a little-known author Mírzá 'Isá Khán Isfahání Darágáh'í. Includes table of an old Persian solar calendar and its Western astrological correspondences, and anecdotes about Esslemont.
  208. Ahang Rabbani, ed. Witness to Shaykh Tabarsi: The Narrative of Haji Nasir Qazvini (2007). Biography of Qazvini, sources for the study of the conflict at Shaykh Tabarsi, and Qazvini's narrative. Includes the Persian text, and bios of Táríkh Samandar and M. A. Malik-Khusravi (in Persian).
  209. Chad Jones, comp. Word Portraits of Abdu'l-Baha (2012). Short descriptions of Abdu'l-Bahá by Horace Holley, Louis Gregory, Howard Colby Ives, Wellesley Tudor Pole, E. G. Browne, Ali Yazdi, Florence Khan, Stanwood Cobb, and Albert Vail.
  210. Mirra Alfassa. Words of Long Ago (1912). Transcript of a talk The Mother delivered to some Bahá'ís in Paris in 1912 by request of Abdu'l-Bahá; reflections inspired by the departure of Abdu'l-Bahá from Paris in June 1913.
  211. Wellesley Tudor Pole. Writing on the Ground (1968). PDF of the entire book, followed by HTML-formatted excerpt of Part Three, "The Bahá'í Faith."
  212. Hussein Ahdieh and Hillary Chapman. Maryam Rouhani Seysan, trans. حضرت عبد البهاء در نیویورک (Hadrat 'Abdu'l-Bahá dar New York): 'Abdu'l-Bahá in New York (2014). Translation in 'Abdu'l-Bahá in New York, a history of Abdu'l-Bahá's visit to the city, concepts and principles he spoke about, the social context of New York at the time, and personal stories of the lives of early American Bahá'ís.
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